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Transcript of Deviance
It is a behavior that violates significant social norms and is disapproved by majority of people.
-Society subjects all of us to social control, an attempt to regulate people's thoughts and behaviors.
Deviance varies from one situation to another, thus, deviance is RELATIVE.
HOMEWORK: What are the possible reasons for deviance?
Enlarging the charts: "What are the good and bad traits of the different regions you've researched about?"
Theories of Deviance
1. Biological: Persons who are biological deviants are assumed to have mental illnesses or are unhealthy organisms due to some defects or weaknesses in their physical condition
2. Psychological: These are often rooted in the minds of people rather than in their bodies and focus on psychological factors/conditions/responses. (Zulueta, 2002)
Individual and Group Deviance
1. Primary and Secondary Deviance
Primary: a person's behavior which violates a prescribed norm of conduct but tolerated/concealed by others (Lement, 1978).
Secondary: behavior of a lifetime conformist, a person who killed in self-defense or the behavior of a branded criminal.
Such behavior stigmatizes a person from the rest of the society (Brown, Solznick & Darroch, 1980).
Individual: a violation against a group's norm or subculture, also known as 'taboo'
Group: the act of members of a group to conform to the group's norms but which disagree with the norms of the larger society
It often associates deviance with a psychological/mental illness, personality observation or psychopathic personality.
3. Sociological: This considers the breakdown or determination, if not, the absence of values and social norms as in displaced persons.
A: Differential association theory - People learn to deviate/conform to society's norms mostly by people with whom they associate. (Eg. Social acceptance)
B: Labeling theory - Calling or labeling a person by whatever names may cause deviant behavior. They are then thrust into deviant roles and are reacted to by others as deviants. (Eg. Social expectations)
-Anomie Theory - Culturally-prescribed goals vs. Socially-approved ways of achieving them (institutional barriers)
-Groups in power consider deviant the acts of weaker groups in order to exploit them.
5 Ways of Adaptation to Culture
1. Conformity - to both goals and means
2. Innovation - acceptance of social goals, and the rejection of the 'prescribed' (improper) means of achieving them
3. Ritualism - Rituals rigidly following the rules without regards for the ends, ways or effects of their behavior, strictly adhering to traditions without taking chances
4. Retreatism - indifferent to society, rejecting cultural goals and institutional means (social liabilities)
5. Rebellion - People who seek chance for the whole social order, withdrawing allegiance to society and introducing a new order (Cf. Star Wars)
Insight Paper 02
Watch one from the following films or read their summaries:
-Star Wars (any from the 7 episodes, including Rogue One)
-The Hunger Games (any of the 4 series)
-Divergent (any of the 3 series)
-Maze Runner (any of the 3 series)
Analyze how the film chosen reflects REBELLION, and argue whether such behavior shou