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Copy of Manila Bay Research Prezi
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OF MANILA BAY
AS A TOURIST DESTINATION CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 5 A. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS C. RECOMMENDATIONS A. INTRODUCTION Manila Bay is the front door to the world for the Philippines, the international gateway to the country. It is a place of romantic sunsets, modern commerce and plenty of nostalgia. It is because even before the modern technology and airplanes, foreign merchants made their trade with Manila through the shores of this bay. Manila Bay is also one of the important bodies of water in the Philippines because of its historical, cultural and economic value. It provides a variety of benefits to millions of Filipino living around the area. Such benefits include source of food, livelihood, employment, recreation, tourism as well as development activities. B. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY This study will give the tourists an overview of the attraction the Manila Bay offers and how it appeals to the visitors today. It will also create awareness about the problems that contribute to the existing condition of Manila Bay and the programs planned and implemented by the government in which Filipinos and tourism students can participate. In the long run, it seeks to help in giving appropriate solutions that may lead to increase in economic growth of the Philippines. C. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The main problem of this study is to determine the present condition of Manila Bay as a tourist destination. Specifically, it attempts to answer the following research questions:
•What is the existing condition of Manila Bay in terms of the frequency of the tourists’ arrival?
•What are the problems contributing to the present condition of Manila Bay?
•What are the programs planned/implemented by the City Government of Manila that would improve the condition of Manila Bay? D. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The main objective of the study is to determine the current condition of Manila Bay as a tourist destination. Specifically, the study attempted to achieve the following statements:
•To find out the existing condition of Manila Bay in terms of the frequency of the tourists’ arrival.
•To identify the problems contributing to the present condition of Manila Bay.
•To determine the programs planned/implemented by the City Government of Manila that would enhance/improve Manila Bay. E. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study can become an eye-opener for the government or for other parties involved that if this study would be analyzed, developed and implemented by future researchers, this study would have a lot of benefactors. Among them are the following: a. Manileños and Filipinos near Manila would now have a place for recreation, relaxation and vacation for free without having the need to travel to different parts of the country. They could go there to unwind after work and relax themselves without having to pay a single cent. c.Tourists are one major benefactor because they are the primary purpose of this study. Once Manila Bay was customized, enhanced and innovated for the tourists’ interests, customized to be made as a world-class destination, then it would be more fun and enjoyable for them staying there, making the money they spent for travel and accommodation, therefore, worthwhile by having them enjoyed it to the fullest. b.Small entrepreneurs would benefit as well because they would now have a place to start a living. d. Another major benefactor is the City Government of Manila. If Manila Bay would become a well-known and established tourist destination, tourists all over the world would now come to our country helping our nation therefore improve its ratings as one a tourist destination in Asia, which might eventually lead to a higher income for the country. e.The Department of Tourism might use this study to know and improve the tourism industry in Manila Bay. f. To Tourism Students - the study will help them give a clear view of the current situation of Manila Bay at the present time so that they may come up with a solution as early as they are still studying. g.The Researchers would gain knowledge relevant to their course which might help them in their future career in the tourism industry. h.To Future researchers the proposed study will benefit and help them as their guide. The study can also open in development of this study. F. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS This study was conducted to determine the current condition of Manila Bay as a tourist destination in the Philippines as perceived by the visitors during the 2nd semester of A.Y. 2012-2013. The aspects looked into were the frequency of tourists visiting Manila Bay, the problems that affect its current condition, and the programs of the City Government of Manila to improve its totality. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A.RESEARCH DESIGN The proponents have used the Descriptive Research Method wherein the study is focused on present situation of Manila Bay as a tourist destination in the Philippines. It involves the description, analysis and the presentation of the current condition of the bay based on the frequency of tourists’ arrivals,
The problems that contribute to its condition and the programs being implemented. Under the Descriptive Research Method, the technique used is the Survey Method, wherein researchers are able to statistically study the specific areas where the proponents must concentrate.
Findings regarding the frequency of the tourists’ arrivals are obtained with the use of the survey method. The administration of Manila Bay was also interviewed to obtain the objectives of the study. B. PARTICIPANTS OF THE RESEARCH The respondents of the study include the local and foreign tourists of Manila Bay wherein the proponents prepare a set of carefully prepared and logically ordered questions for the survey. The researchers will be using 1, 800 as an average number of tourists visiting the area daily. In determining the sample size of the population the Slovin’s formula is to be used:
n – is the size of the sample
N – is the size of the population(1800), and
e – is the margin of error (0.07)
n = 1800_____
n = 203.96832
n= 204 The sample size for a population of 1800 on regular days is 204. This sample, 204, will represent the subjects of the study.
The researchers formulated a survey questionnaire to be given and answered by 204 respondents in Manila Bay. The respondents of the research are local and foreign tourists of Manila Bay and ages range from eighteen (18) and above.
The questionnaires are being answered accordingly to the priority of concern by using predetermined sets of questions with predefined ranges of answers so as to avoid any conflicting series of response. C. INSTRUMENTATION 1. INSTRUMENT USED a) SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE b.) PERSONAL INTERVIEW The survey questionnaire is designed to include elements which make the survey pertinent and relevant to the population to be sampled, thereby maximizing response rates and minimizing error or bias. Each questionnaire includes respondent’s profile and sets of inquiries in which the respondents would answer according to their judgments and experiences. The close-ended with ordered response choices is used for easier encoding for data processing. The questionnaire is in the form of checklist in which the respondents were asked to put a check mark respectively to their choice. The respondents of the survey questionnaire are generally the local and foreign tourists visiting Manila Bay. Dichotomous Scales
Yes – which means the tourist will visit Manila Bay again
No – which means will not visit Manila Bay again Four-Point Scales
Often – which means the tourist have been in Manila Bay several times
Sometimes - which means the tourist have been in Manila Bay from time to time
Rarely - which means the tourist have been in Manila Bay infrequently
First Time - which means it was the tourists’ first visit to Manila Bay Five-Point Scales
Excellent – This means the current condition of Manila Bay exceeded the tourist’s satisfaction
Good – This means the current condition of Manila Bay reach the tourist’s satisfaction
Fair – This means the current condition of Manila Bay slightly reach the tourist’s satisfaction
Poor – This means the current condition of Manila Bay meet the tourist’s dissatisfaction level
Very Poor - – This means the current condition of Manila Bay never reach the tourist’s satisfaction level in all aspects Extremely Aware – This means that the tourist is very aware about the details of the programs of the City Government of Manila for Manila Bay
Aware – This means that the tourist is aware about the programs of the City Government of Manila for Manila Bay
Moderately Aware – This means that the tourist is aware about some of the programs of the City Government of Manila for Manila Bay
Slightly Aware – This means that the tourist is a little aware about the few programs of the City Government of Manila for Manila Bay
Not Aware – This means that the tourist is not at all aware about the programs of the City Government of Manila for Manila Bay
Essential – This means that the Government is giving an utmost priority to the development of the current condition of Manila Bay from the tourist’s perception
High Priority – This means that the Government is giving most priority to the development of the current condition of Manila Bay from the tourist’s perception
Medium Priority – This means that the Government is giving priority to the development of the current condition of Manila Bay from the tourist’s perception
Low Priority – This means that the Government is giving little priority to the development of the current condition of Manila Bay from the tourist’s perception
Not a Priority – This means that the Government is doesn’t give priority to the development of the current condition of Manila Bay from the tourist’s perception Reasons of Choosing to Come to Manila Bay
Entertainment – This means tourists come to Manila Bay for amusement or enjoyment
Relaxation - This means tourists come to Manila Bay for recreation or rest
Beauty of Nature - This means tourists come to Manila Bay to appreciate its physical environment, specifically, the perfect sunset view from the bay
Recommendation of Others - This means tourists come to Manila Bay because it was suggested to them by someone Factors of Manila Bay’s Present Condition Affecting the Tourists’ Satisfaction
Bay Cleanliness and Order – This refers to Manila Bay as free from foreign matter or pollution and is neatly organized
Safety - This refers to the security of tourists while on the vicinity of Manila Bay
Pedestrian Areas - This refers to the tourists walking in a specific area around the area
Local Traffic - is defined as that traffic that originates within the county that the city is located
Overall Rating of Manila Bay – This gives the general idea about how satisfied the tourists are while in Manila Bay. Issues Affecting Manila Bay
Pollution - The presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects.
Overexploitation of Resources – over use or utilization of natural substances commonly for profit
Destructive Fishing - Using cyanide, dynamite, or other methods that cause coral breakage to kill all reef life
Natural Hazards - A natural hazard is a threat of a naturally occurring event that will have a negative effect on people or the environment (e.g. flooding, earthquakes...)
Maritime Problems – (e.g. oil spill or chemical pollution, maritime accidents involving oil tankers...)
Multi-use Conflicts – This refers to the two or more primary uses of Manila Bay to the people (e.g. shipping, fisheries, human settlements, and tourism) Personal interviews are done to achieve greater confidentiality of personal contact with the administration of Manila Bay who is part of the core respondents of the study.
It provides opportunities for clarifications and flexibility of follow-up questions. The questionnaire is centered to the current condition of the area and the programs being implemented by the City Government of Manila for the said bay. 2.VALIDATION OF INSTRUMENTS The problem of the study is the core foundation of the survey and interview questionnaires that were used to obtain the objectives of the research. Drafts were prepared and amendments were made upon consultation with the research professor.
Panelists were able to verify the researchers’ statement of the problem. Questionnaires went through several revisions before achieving the final questionnaires to be disseminated to the respondents and interviewees. D. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE AND METHODOLOGY The study used the nonscientific sampling technique wherein the researchers selected individuals as samples according to the purposes of the research.
An individual is selected as part of the sample due to good evidence that he is a representative of the total population. E. DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE The researchers found information and retrieved their ideas with the help of the library resources such as books, journals and newspaper clippings. The advantage of technology by means of internet connection was also utilized to gather some information.
Having found the questionnaire valid and reliable, these were given to the 204 local and foreign tourists visiting Manila Bay. The researchers gave assistance to the respondents while answering the questionnaire to fully discuss the content of the study and to attend with their difficulties upon answering. Survey questionnaires were collected after responding to all the questions included in the feedback form. The data were organized, summarized, analyzed and interpreted by means of the descriptive statistics. F. RESEARCH STATISTICAL TREATMENT The data gathered from the survey conducted by the researchers were tabulated, analyzed and interpreted. To make the data analysis and interpretation evocative, the researchers used the percentage to show the correlation of a part that was involved. The results of the survey were summarized as to the percent of response of the tourists by calculating this scheme.
P = F/N x 100
P = Percentage
F = number of frequency
N = total number of respondents Main Problem: The present condition of Manila Bay as a tourist destination. Findings:
Table 5 shows the percentage of the level of satisfaction with regard to what Manila Bay offers to the tourists. In Bay cleanliness and order, a percentage of 37.25 or 76 out of 100% or 204 respondents have rated somewhat satisfied, 31.37% or 64 for neutral or neither satisfied/dissatisfied, 13.73% or 28 answered somewhat satisfied, 11.76% or 24 for somewhat satisfied, and the remaining 5.88% or 12 respondents have rated very satisfied. With regard to the safety, 36.27% or 74 respondents answered somewhat satisfied, 28.43% or 58 for very satisfied, 16.18% or 33 said neutral, 15.20% or 31 for somewhat dissatisfied, and 3.92% or 8 for very dissatisfied. In the quality of urban design, the highest percentage is 31.86 or 65 who answered somewhat satisfied, 29.94% or 57 for very satisfied, 19.61% or 40 for neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, 15.69% or 32 said that they were somewhat dissatisfied, and the least percentage is 4.9% or 10 stated very dissatisfied. In pedestrian areas, 44.61% or 91 respondents have the highest percentage, 29.90% or 61 have rated it somewhat satisfied, 17.16% or 35 for very satisfied, 4.90% or 10 for somewhat dissatisfied and the least percentage is 3.43 or 7 respondents answered very dissatisfied. When it comes to the local traffic, 38.73% respondents answered neutral, 27.45% for somewhat satisfied, 19.12% for somewhat dissatisfied, very dissatisfied has a percentage of 12.25, and lastly, 2.45% for very satisfied. Last but not the least; respondents gave its overall rating of Manila Bay. The highest percentage is 48.04% out of 100% answered neutral, 18.63% for somewhat satisfied, 14.22% for somewhat satisfied, 10.29% for very dissatisfied and 2.45% for extremely satisfied. Problem no. 1: What is the existing condition of Manila Bay in terms of the frequency of the tourists’ arrival? Findings:
Table 1 shows the frequency of the tourists’ visits to Manila Bay. Sometimes has the highest percentage of 41.18 or 84 respondents, next is rarely with 31.86% followed by often with 15.69% and never has the least with 11.27%.
Table 4 indicates the reasons why tourists chose to come in Manila Bay. 43.63% or 89 respondents rated relaxation as the highest percentage, 36.28% or 74 for recommendation of friends or relatives, 10.29% or 21 for beauty of nature, and the remaining is 9.80% or 20 for entertainment.
Table 10 presents the percentage of the respondents who would visit Manila Bay again. The total respondents who have answered yes have a percentage of 80.80 or 165, next is maybe with 17.65% or 36 and the remaining 1.47% or 3 answered no. Problem 2: What are the problems which contribute to the present condition of Manila Bay? Findings:
Table 5 shows the factors and problems that affect the current condition of Manila Bay. 22.06% for multi-use conflicts, 20.59% out of the total respondents answered pollution, 18.63% out of 100% said natural hazards, 15.19% for maritime trafficking, 14.22% for overexploitation of resources and, the remaining is the destructive fishing with the rate of 9.31%. Problem no. 3: What are the programs planned/implemented by the City Government of Manila that would improve the condition of Manila Bay? Findings:
Table 8 presents the ratings of the respondents’ awareness of the programs that are being implemented by the City Government of Manila. Not aware has the highest percentage of 32.84, followed by slightly aware with 27.46, 25% for moderately aware, 10.78% for aware, and lastly, 3.92% for extremely aware.
Table 9 indicates the percentage ratings of the priority given by the government to solve environmental issues of Manila Bay. The respondents who have answered medium priority have the highest rate with 43.63%, 19.12% for not a priority, 18.63% for low priority, 14.21% for high priority, and 4.41% for essential. PROBLEM #1: What is the existing condition of Manila Bay in terms of the frequency of the tourists’ arrival? To the DOT,
the researchers suggest that they add more points of attraction around Manila Bay to give tourists reasons to come back and recommend it to other people. The continuous promotion and advertisement will also give way to the bay’s popularity. DOT should think of different offerings that will attract more people to come. In that way, the tourists will not just be enjoying the perfect view of the sunset once but also be encouraged to visit the bay many times for different reasons. To the City Government of Manila,
the researchers suggest that they support the DOT and the entrepreneurs who have the major interest and responsibility in the improvement of the Manila Bay as a tourist destination. Given that tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the world, developing it will help boosts the economic growth of a country.
In the Philippines, tourism has been giving numerous jobs covering transportation, accommodation and food and beverages which will be same as giving opportunities to many tourism students in their chosen field. CHAPTER 5 C. RECOMMENDATIONS PROBLEM #2: What are the problems contributing to the present condition of Manila Bay? Water Pollution and Overexploitation of Resources
-Implement holistic resource management to address over-extraction of resources and destruction and conversion of habitats by applying an ecosystem management approach to all development projects
-Upgrade and maintain the quality of health among the users and beneficiaries of Manila Bay by providing food security among coastal communities through fair and equitable access to adequate and safe supply of fish and seafood Destructive Fishing and Maritime Problems
-Protect and conserve biological diversity by establishing protected areas for critical habitats, and providing buffer zones around these areas and organizing community-based management of coastal habitats of Bay-wide significance Natural Hazards
-Natural disasters cannot be prevented, but measures can be taken to eliminate or reduce the possibility of trouble. Firstly, prevent it by identifying and minimizing the risks posed by the natural hazards of the area. Secondly, be prepared in time of disaster. Next, respond to the situation accordingly and last is to recover and get back to normal after the disaster. Multi-Use Conflicts
Prevent illegal intrusion/encroachment and human settlements along waterways by providing tenurial and resource-use instruments to primary users in order to sustain productivity of critical resources, and prevent destructive, illegal and conflicting use of resources CHAPTER 5 C. RECOMMENDATIONS
PROBLEM #3: What are the programs planned/implemented by the City Government of Manila that would improve the condition of Manila Bay? •The Manila Bay Coastal Strategy has been developed by different stakeholders
– public and private, local and national governments, non-government organizations, fisher folk and farmers – in Manila Bay, and will be implemented by working together as partners. Its vision is “Manila Bay-reflective of God’s glory –is a clean, wholesome and productive ecosystem, a center of socio-economic development, and a natural heritage nurtured by genuine Filipino values towards a better quality of life for present and future generations.”
To the Government, the researchers suggest bringing local government units and national agencies together to plan, develop and manage the marine and coastal resources of Manila Bay, and surrounding watershed areas in a fair and equitable manner. Several methods should be prepared to combat oil spilled on water based on the environment conditions and the type of natural resources to be protected against it. All part of the plan should aim achieving a net of environmental benefit.
To the Filipinos, they must be fully engaged in planning, development and management of marine and coastal resources on a local and Bay-wide basis. In return the City Government of Manila should implement a system of awards/recognition in place for stakeholders who provide outstanding contributions to the achievement of the shared vision for Manila Bay. •The Manila Bay Oil Spill Contingency Plan aims to outline the multi-sectoral arrangement for responding to oil spills in Manila Bay, with the end in view of protecting the Bay from oil pollution or, where this is not possible, to minimize its effects. It also aspires to ensure a timely, measured and effective response to oil spill incidents which may occur within the Manila Bay.
The National Government should strengthen operational and enforcement mechanisms. It should also set-up monitoring and evaluation systems to monitor the progress and effects of implementing the Oil Spill Contingency Plan. •Reclamation project by Manila Goldcoast Development Corp., a project that will obliterate the entire Manila Bay park, famous for its unique sunset view, and replace it with an “entertainment city.”
To the Private Sector and Entrepreneur, they should exercise corporate responsibility with regard to sustainable development and use of the Bay’s resources. It will also be a big help to invest in the environment, and in development of opportunities that benefit the people and the environment.
To the Filipinos especially the Manilenos, the researchers suggest that they get more informed of the environmental issues and community responsibilities as stewards of the environment. They should support and participate in the development and implementation of action programs as it needs a cooperative effort from them. They can also volunteer as communicators/educators/advocates of the environment, such as in:
• Bay watch
• Early warning system
• Environmental monitoring
• Cleanup campaign
• Tree planting
• Fund-raising activities B.CONCLUSION Main Problem: The present condition of Manila Bay as a tourist destination.
Basing on the summary of the findings declared above, the bay’s cleanliness and order is the most questionable aspect of Manila Bay. People are not satisfied with the cleanliness Manila Bay is showing. Cleanliness is a very important aspect in a tourist spot or perhaps, in us, being a Filipino, as well. We reflect our countries virtues and way of living through the different tourist spots we have and so therefore we have to maintain a good impression to everyone else. Otherwise, we are just putting ourselves and our native land in shame. When it regards to safety and quality urban design aspect, it is quite a surprise that the tourists seemed to somehow respond positively considering their great dissatisfaction with Manila Bay’s cleanliness and order. Same with the other aspects, the tourists are neither that much disappointed with Manila Bay nor are they perfectly satisfied with it. The Manila Bay has come to a level where it has become “a somehow satisfying” place, overall rating shows. However, despite its current condition on the tourists’ point of view, a large percentage of people interviewed are not even aware of what the government plans to do with Manila Bay. This is not a government issue here. Perhaps, the people don’t know what the projects are simply because they just don’t care. The government is trying their best to somehow alleviate the issues that are being found on Manila Bay, however, the people are just purely relying on the government to do it. “Change starts at home” as the saying goes. True enough, before the government could fully do their job with Manila Bay, every Filipino ought to care first. They ought to have a sense of responsibility with their native Land and instill discipline deep within their hearts, so that when tourists come to Manila Bay they will feel the aura of a clean Manila Bay, most importantly, they would feel that Manila Bay is really a well-loved place, because it reflects our values, way of living, attitudes and most importantly, it is a reflection of unity across each and every Filipino. THE END! THANK YOU :)