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Mexican-American War

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by

Brenda Lopez

on 12 November 2014

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Transcript of Mexican-American War

1836
1847
1600's
1848
Mexican-American War
Spanish Colonization
1565- The Spanish established a fort in Florida
1598- Arrived in current day New Mexico from Mexico; taking with them a labor system called
encomienda
1610- Founded the city of Santa Fe
1615- Founded a city near Taos
Causes of the Mexican American War
Texas gains its independence from Mexico and the United States denies adding them to the United States.
"Mexico was [supporting] border raids and [they warned that the] annexation [of Texas] would lead to war."
"After the election of Polk, in 1844, annexations procedures quickly started. He offered to buy California, New Mexico, and all, of what is today, U.S. Southwest, but he was denied the purchase."
War Begins
April 25, 1846- the Mexican army "attacked a group of U.S. Soldiers who were in the command of General Zachary Taylor. He called for back-up and moved along the Rio Grande and defeated the Mexicans at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma" (History.com Staff)
May 13- Congress declares war but Mexico never truly does (
Spanish Colonization in the North
)
U.S. Advances into Mexico
Because there was a small population along the Rio Grande, the United States was able to conquer that land without having to fight.
February 1847- Polk battled General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista where Santa Anna had to withdraw because he had lost a lot of his men.
General Winfield Scott took over Veracruz and began moving towards Mexico City
September 1847- Scott took over Mexico City's Chapultepec Castle without a struggle because the group of cadets, or
Niños
, committed suicide instead of surrendering.
The End of the Mexican-American War
"Santa Anna resigns [from presidency] in Mexico" (History.com Staff)
February 2- "The Treaty of Hidalgo was signed by both nations. It gave [the United States a huge] amount of land, including what later became California and Texas, and parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Nevada." (
Becoming of the United States
)
Jose Joaquin Herrera was the president of Mexico during the Mexican-American War. He was born in 1794 in Xalapa, Mexico. He joined the Spanish Army at a young age, and became a leader of the new independent republic of Mexico. After the expulsion of the president of Mexico, Herrera got elected as president right before the conflicts with the U.S. began. He tried to avoid war with the United States, but the citizens of Mexico replaced him with a dictator that was not able to defeat the United States during the war. After the war Mexico was weak and elected Herrera again to bring back order (
Biographies
).

In his proclamation he publicly attacked the United States' plan to annex Texas. He expresses that the U.S. would be violating Mexico's right to territory by wanting to take away their land; also by taking away their land it harms the world peace. He also claims that even though he has tried his best to keep peace between them, if the U.S. tries to annex Texas, then Mexico will do anything in their power to protect what belongs to them (
Proclamation by President José Joaquin Herrera
).
Proclamation by General Francisco Mejia
Francisco Mejia was a general in the Mexican-American War. He was born in 1795 in Ixtapan, Mexico. He joined the Spanish army in 1811 and after the Mexican-American War ended, he was the commander of the Departments of Durango and San Luis (The Encyclopedia of the Mexican American War).

The proclamation was made towards his army in the Department of Tamaulipas. He claims that although the United States helped Mexico get their independence from Spain, it is not right for the U.S. to annex Texas. Mejia explains that the U.S. violated the agreement they had of having the river Nueces as their border, by crossing into Mexico. He argued it was a matter of time before they invaded Tamaulipas. He concludes that there is no other choice but to fight a nation that does not respect their agreements (
Proclamation by Gen. Francisco Mejia
).
About the Authors
The
Library of Congress
is a government run library the holds a variety of books. The current librarian is James H. Billington. He graduated from "Princeton University and got his doctorate from Billiol College" (OpenWorld).
The
History.com Staff
works for History, a television channel that broadcast documentaries and historical fiction series.
Proclamation by President Jose Joaquin Herrera
Personal Reflection
With this project I learned that not many people in the United States was excited about the annexation of Texas. I learned that Mexico and the United States had and agreement to have Nueces River as the Mexico and US border, and the United States didn't respect their agreement.
I enjoyed reading about the different views and stands people had, and still have, about who REALLY crossed a border, was it Mexico? or Was it the United States?
Works Cited
"Becoming Part of the United States."
Mexican Becoming Part of the United States - Immigration
. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/mexican2.html>.
"Biographies."
PBS
. PBS, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2014.
History.com Staff. "Mexican-American War."
History.com
. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/mexican-american-war>.
"Proclamation by Gen. Francisco Mejía."
Proclamation by Gen. Francisco Mejía
. Ed. Steven R. Butler. Texas: Descendants of Mexican War Veterans, 1995. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. <http://www.dmwv.org/mexwar/documents/mejia.htm>.
"Proclamation by President José Joaquin Herrera."
Proclamation by President José Joaquin Herrera
. Ed. Steven R. Butler. Texas: Descendants of Mexican War Veterans, 1995. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. <http://www.dmwv.org/mexwar/documents/herrera.htm>.
"OpenWorld."
Dr. James H. Billington
. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2014.
"Spanish Colonization in the North." Spanish Colonization in the North. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
(
Becoming Part of the United States
)
(
History.com Staff
)
(History.com Staff)
Full transcript