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Korean American Families
Transcript of Korean American Families
By: Samantha Macariola,
Ginny Moon, & Suzie Scanlon
Ch. 11: Korean American Families
A Glimpse of
1.What are some things you think of when you hear "Korea"?
2.Can you name any famous
3. Which states hold the highest Korean populations?
Famous Korean Americans
Concentrated Korean Population Areas
1903 - 1905:
72,000 Korean laborers moved to Hawaii to work on sugar plantations
Oriental Exclusion Act of 1924
Korean War (1950 - 1964):
15,000 Koreans immigrated
"War brides" and adoption of Korean orphans
1970 U.S. Census
1965 Immigration Act
Population Drop in US:
South Korea significantly improved "the economic conditions, social/political security associated with the end of military dictatorship and popular election, and significant reduction of fear of another war against North Korea."
Negative publicity in South Korea of about immigrants' adjustment difficulties - especially victimization of Korean merchants during 1992 LA riots.
Parents and children
King and people
Husband and wife
Older sibling and younger sibling
People between people
Children are taught to be obedient and respect parents and other adult members of family
Parents would live with first one after his marriage
Filial piety was to be extended after the death of parent in ancestor worship
Parents and Children's Relationship
Husband and Wife's Relationship
Husband is considered the primary breadwinner, decision maker, and exercised authority over wife.
The wife was expected to obey and serve her husband and his family members.
Usually stay-at-home housewives and focused on childcare.
Most married women in rural areas engaged in farming.
Many worked for the family business or outside the home.
Older Sibling and Younger
Sons were valuable and given more power than daughters
Older siblings were allowed to practice moderate levels of authority over younger siblings.
Younger people were expected to be polite and respectful to older people.
Strongly influenced by
Chinese, politically and
19th Century: Japan, China,
struggled for political control over Korea.
Japan ruled over Korea after war against Russia in 1905 then, Korea was annexed by Japan until 1910.
Government tried to "Japanize" the Korean society
Forced young Koreans into military service
South Korea normalized diplomatic relations with Japan in 1965
Korea has been politically divided into two halves - North and South
North - influence of Soviet Union and China
South - influence of United States
Korean War: 1950 - 1953
First major military confrontation between communists and anti-communists
Military tensions continue today but is much more peaceful
Religion in Korea
Largest religion in Korea
Did not gain popularity until the repression of the Chosun Dynasty and Japanese government
Mostly Presbyterian/Methodist - 20%
Brought by American missionaries
Did not gain popularity until 1760s
Catholicism - 7%
Religion in the US:
Christianity among Korean immigrants are overrepresented:
: Christians are overrepresented among urban middle-class people in Korea. Korean immigrants have drawn from this segment of the population
: The US is typically a Christian country.
On average, have smaller families.
Single-person households increased
Nonnuclear families have increased.
Divorce rate has increased.
Men are most likely to remarry.
Female-headed household rates has increased.
No major study of second-generation Korean families in US
Koreans who immigrated at early ages and with their parents are more acculturated to America
Younger generation Koreans are more likely to lose Confucian values.
Korean immigrants have an exceptionally high self-employment rate.
1990 Immigration Act
Younger-generation Korean women have higher educational levels than Korean immigrant women.
Immigrant Korean parents are more authoritarian.
Major complaints from children: "not enough freedom" and "too strict."
Major complaints from parents: "not respecting parents" and "talking back"-
Reduced corporal punishment as a method of discipline and used affection/praise more.
Parents do everything possible to send children to good colleges.
Parents immigrate to US for better educational opportunities (bigger importance over their own economic opportunities)
Secondary school children attended private institutions specializing in math and English (may also attend summer tutoring)
Children were pressured to study longer hours after school and to get better grades.
Asian cultural resources
Rapid increase in elderly population:
1. Increase in elderly immigration
2. aging of Korean immigrants who came to the US at earlier ages
"Confucianism emphasized the obligation of adult children to live with their elderly parents to support and take care of them."
15% of first generation Korean immigrants were married to non-Korean partners.
3% of men were intermarried
24% of women were intermarried
1st: Korean immigrant men coming from very patriarchal traditions have difficulty living with American women
2nd: many Korean immigrant women are attracted to American men, especially white men, to escape from Korean patriarchy.
South Koreans eat an average of 40 pounds of Kimchi each year.
Kimchi is served often, sometimes at every meal. Commonly used ingredients include sesame oil, doenjang (fermented bean paste), soy sauce, salt, garlic, ginger, pepper flakes and gochujang (fermented red chili paste).
Food is directly related to location, geography and climate
Korean cuisine is largely based upon rice, vegetables, and meats. Seafood also plays a huge role in Korean diet, seeing as the oceans surround the peninsula and it is present in all meals.
Traditional Korean clothing has its roots extending back at least as far as the Three Kingdoms Period
(57 B.C. - 668 A.D.)
The top part called a jeogori is blouse-like with long sleeves
Jeogori is longer, stretching down to waist. men wear baggy pants (paji).
wear skirts (chima)
wore white, except during festivals and special occassions such as weddings.
Clothes for the upper classes were made of bright colors and indicated the wearer's social status
Music and Media
K-POP and Korean Dramas
Lunar New Year
Ethnic Families in America: Patterns and Variations; 5th Edition; Author/Creator: Wright, R. Jr; Mindel, C.H., Tran, T.V., Habenstein, R.W..; Publisher