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Transcript of Women's Rights
and Cassie Hunter Question: Which continent is most affected by Women's rights? Women's Rights is a Global Issue. Women's rights are different everywhere in the world. BUT REMEMBER! North America South America Europe What is feminism? the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men.
dictionary.reference.com What is the biggest problem women face in South/Latin America? Violence. A shocking statistic. According to The Pan American Health Organization (2006)Approximately One in three women in Latin America has been a victim of sexual, physical or psychological violence.
dissidentvoice.org Cases of Femicide. Femicide: The killing of women by men, simply because they are women.
dissidentvoice.org In Argentina,in the past three years alone, femicide rates have increased 22% It has become one of the countries biggest social issues.
www.womensviewsonnews.org The bigger picture: Drug trafficking. Drug trafficking is another key factor in the increase of femicides in South America. Women who are associated with gangs become easier targets. Rape and execute can be used as strategies to "get back" at rival gangs.
www.insightcrime.org Taking a Stand. while some laws have been passed that give women the right to address discrimination, Government has not enforced stricter crime laws to help diminish the situation.
www.insightcrime.org Comparison to Canada. While Canada does face problems with domestic violence. The issue of femicide is much greater in poorer areas of the world with high rates of drug trafficking. Violation of Human Rights. Question: What is Canada's biggest Women's issue? What are the areas where human violation is the worst? 1. failure to provide adequate social assistance to women and girls living in poverty.
www.nupge.ca Asia Although women make up over half of the population of Asia, they continue to suffer from discrimination of varieties in society. Addressing the unequal treatment of women in Asia is one of the most important human rights challenges, and a large responsibility of national institutions working to eliminate discrimination based on gender. Some difficulties that women will face in the continent of Asia include having some of the lowest rates of political representation, employment, property ownership and a large pay gap difference between men and women from all over the world. Being unrepresented in political circumstances causes high demands of long-term change for women and decision-making that greatly affect their lives. Compared to men, women who work earn a much lower salary, ranging from 54 to 90 percent in certain areas. Despite all these human rights issues, there are other problematic situations that occur frequently in the Asia region. Nearly half of all the countries in South Asia, and more than 60% of countries in the Pacific have no laws against domestic violence whatsoever. This also means that there are no provisions against harassment in the workplace; 30-40% of women who work report at one time or another that they have been in either verbal, physical, or sexual abuse situations. Even in the few countries that do have laws against such abuse aren't supported well through the legal systems and societal attitudes and contribute to victim's trauma. Africa 2. violence against Aboriginal women and girls.
www.nupge.ca Aboriginal women rely on help such as social assistance to help them make a living ( have healthy food and to pay the rent). Because of low income rates for working women, they may not be able to pay for these necessities.
www.nupge.ca The worst part of this is that Canadian government has not done much to help with making sure social assistance are up to date to help provide for women in need.
www.nupge.ca In Canada, women have joined the feminist movement to have the same equality and rights that men have.
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com Women's rights are a significant indicator to telling the state of global well-being. Middle East Australia Central America Women in History During the late nineteenth century, feminism really started to shine. Women were considered as property and could be purchased for marriage. They also took a stand about their right to vote and take part in political issues.
www.rise-of-womanhood.org Feminism moved into a second wave of issues. Women protested government for the right to vote. They also argued issues such as sexism and discrimination of women.
www.rise-of-womanhood.org The third wave of feminism was seen in the late 1960s,. This is where feminists raised issues such as discrimination of coloured people and segregation in the workplace.
www.rise-of-womanhood.org Even today, feminists continue to raise issues in the world. Video: What are Today's feminist issues?
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/07/todays-feminist-issues-fr_n_1577871.html There are several international organizations that work to advance African Women's rights, a few of them including,
- United Africans for Women & Children Rights (UAWCR)
- Crossroads International
- Equality Now
- United Nations - Economic Commission for Africa: African Women's Rights Observatory Africa, throughout history, is a patriarchal society, where men dominate society and organizations. They are referred to as the natural leaders, and women are considered to be weaker and inferior to men. In Africa, a woman's job would be to give birth to children, males in particular, as female daughters are also regarded as less worthy than a son. At the ages of as young as seven, in some countries of Africa, girls are to be married off to men much older than them, this means that the girls are traditionally the men's property; they are to do as they wish wish them, which often means mistreatment, abuse, and to produce children until she is of no use to him any longer. po·lyg·a·my/pligmē/:
The practice or custom of having more than one wife or husband at the same time. Polygamy is a common traditional custom in Africa, and in some communities, a man's wealth and influence is measured by how many wives he has 'under his control'. But the double standard of this tradition has women unable to have more than one husband at a time.
In the event that a husband passes, the women would then be 'inherited' by the next eldest male in the family. Women are not seen as individuals of society in most African communities, and are unable to participate in politics or other organizations. What is the biggest women's issue in Europe? Trafficking of Nigerian women into European countries. Women from Nigeria have been trafficking into European countries (for example, a majority are trafficking into Italy). They traffic into the country for reasons such as prostitution and sexual exploitation.
www.american.edu Another issue that arises is the fact that the women from Nigeria have massive infections of HIV and AIDS.
www.american.edu What women do is stand of the side of the streets and prostitute themselves to get money to send home to their families. Some work by coincidence, but most do not.
www.american.edu but it's not just Italy that faces this problem. This issue is also been popping up in the United Kingdom.
http://news.bbc.co.uk Girls from West Africa have also been migrating into England and claiming asylum.
news.bbc.co.uk After they are taken in by social services, they are disappear. It was later found out that they were shipped all over European countries and forced into prostitution.
news.bbc.co.uk The hard truth: Approximately 500,000 women are trafficked into Western Europe each year.
www.uri.edu Three types of Traffickers. 1. Occasional traffickers- mainly provide transportation near country boarders.
2. Well Organized Traffic Rings- specialize on trafficking on one country.
3. International Trafficking Networks- most dangerous, have access to documents and records and can change the information so it is false.
www.uri.edu What can you do to help stop trafficking? www.dreamprojectfoundation.org works to help put an end to trafficking and to provide women with a safe living environment. There are many ways you can help on their website. Such as...
Volunteer your time through their volunteer program
donate clothes/toys/ hygiene products to help the people living in these countries.
www.dreamprojectfoundation.org Relation to Canada. Canada sees it as it's job to help the women who are trafficking into these European countries have a better life. This means getting our politicians in and helping to raise awareness to this issue. 1900 2000 1925 1950 1975 1903 1907 1914 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1922 1928 1929 1940 1948 1951 1952 1953 1954 1956 1957 1962 1963 1964 1966 1977 1982 1986 1900:
The Dominion Elections Act was passed, making the only people who can vote in federal elections are those who have the legal right to vote in a provincial election; minorities (including women) are excluded from both provincial and federal elections.
The Married Women's Property Act gives married women in Manitoba the same legal ability as men. 1916:
Women win the right to vote in provincial elections in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. 1918:
The Nova Scotia Franchise Act is passed, enabling women to vote in provincial elections.
An Act To Confer Electoral Franchise Upon Women is enacted by the federal government allowing women to vote in Federal elections. 1920:
The Federal government makes An Act to Confer Electoral Franchise Upon Women universal, except for minorities and Aboriginal peoples.
It recognizes that every Canadian citizen over the age of twenty-one, male or female, is able to vote in Federal elections. 1928:
In Edwards v. AG for Canada (The 'Person's' Case) the Supreme Court of Canada decides that women are not 'qualified people' and therefore cannot be appointed to the Senate of Canada. 1929:
The Supreme Court of Canada amends The "Person's" Case and allows women to be appointed to the Senate of Canada. 1999 1953:
Canada passes Fair Employment Practices Act.
This act is used to combat discrimination within the civil service.
Equal Pay legislation passed in British Columbia. 1962:
Ontario enacts the Human Rights Code.
This code sends a message on protecting human rights and that discrimination is a public matter. 1977:
The Canadian Human Rights Act is enacted.
This creates a single law across the nine provinces of Canada to deal with discrimination. 1986:
The Federal Government passes the Employment Equity Act.
This Act requires employers to eliminate barriers that limit employment opportunities for minorities, women, and Aboriginal peoples. 1982:
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms enacted as part of the Constitution. 1999:
The Extradition Act is amended to hold that extradition should be refused where the request is made for the purposes of punishing a person because of his or her race, religion, language, sex, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, or age. [Canada]