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Animal Farm

Isabel Patiño, Cristina Clarke, Camila Rodríguez, Cristina Torija

Cristina Clarke

on 6 October 2015

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Transcript of Animal Farm

Animal Farm
by George Orwell
• Animal Farm is about how animals in a farm rebel against
their neglectful master and take over the farm to establish their
own form of government.

• The pigs of the farm unfairly come to power and become a disguised version of Mr. Jones.

• This causes confusion and an unsettling atmosphere between the rest of the animals.

• Animal Farm is a political satire to the Russian Revolution
that took place in 1917.
Prepared by:
Isabel Patiño
Cristina Clarke
Camila Rodríguez
Cristina Torija

About the author...
George Orwell
• Eric Arthur Blair (pen name George Orwell) was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic.
• Orwell was one of the most powerful and influential political writers of this century.
• He fought against Franco in the Spanish Civil War.
• As he learned more about dictatorship, he became interested in Joseph Stalin’s communism, which led him to write
Animal Farm
in 1945.
• He was born in 1903 and died in 1950, at the peak of his career, from tuberculosis.

• A large, fierce-looking male
Berkshire boar.
• Ruler of Animal Farm after
the Rebellion.
• Cruel and manipulative.
• Power "went to his head" and
became just like Mr. Jones.
• Character is based on Napoleon
Bonaparte I (also very tyrannical
and abusive).
Represents Joseph Stalin
Mr. Jones
Joseph Stalin
• Original (human) owner of Manor Farm, called Animal Farm after the Rebellion.
• He was an incompetent, cruel, neglectful leader.
• Napoleon used the fear of his return to intimidate them.
• His unfair treatment is what makes the animals want to rebel in the first place.
Represents Czar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II
Leon Trotsky
• Most likely a light pink
Landrace pig.
• Opposed to Napoleon’s
(Stalin’s) ideas of
• He was an inventive pig
that influenced others to his
side with intelligence and
• He was exiled out of
Animal Farm for thinking
more about the animals’
Represents Leon Trotsky
Russian newspaper filled with openly distorted stories and "facts" supporting the Communist Party.
• Male fat porker that mastered the art of persuasion.
• He is an effective and very convincing orator who promoted Napoleon as a good and faithful leader.
• Squealer would say anything to make one believe that whatever Napoleon did was right.
• He, Napoleon, and Snowball elaborated Old Major’s teachings into the concept of Animalism.
His parallel in the Russian Revolution is the governemnt newspaper "Pravda"
Power corrupts those who possess it
Napoleon abused his power once he was in complete control of Animal Farm.
Augusto Pinochet- Chile
With US support, he overthrew the government of Salvador Allende to end civilian rule (coup d'etat). Once in power, he became one of the harshest dictators in history.
People's ignorance contributes to their political and social oppression.
The rest of the farm animals did not realize that they were living a life of injustice.
Adolf Hitler- Germany
Germans followed his commands without any true knowledge of what was happening in WW II. For them, whatever Hitler said was believed to be true and correct.
Revolutions may result in a change of political power, but often, most people's lives stay about the same.
Originally, the rebellion meant "no more cruelty or injustice", but with Napoleon, everything stayed exactly the same.
Fidel Castro- Cuba
He helped overthrow Fulgencio Batista to end the dictatorship, but became an even worse dictator.
In society, individuals are not treated equally.
The farm animals did not receive the same privileges that the pigs had. For example, Boxer was a proletariat.
The Holocaust, racism, sexual preference, and gender identity may cause controversy because there is still discrimination regarding these issues.
All societies contain individuals who will seize power for their own ends.
Napoleon abused of his position; power over the farm got the better of him and made him take advantage of the situation.
All totalitarian governments that seize power end up doing things for their personal gain.
Parallel to Another Government
Although the novel
Animal Farm
is clearly a parallel to the Russian government after the Bloshevik Revolution, it has certain themes that can be linked to all totalitarian governments.
Everyone, pigs and the rest of the animals, answered to whatever decision Napoleon took.
The ruler of North Korea, Kim Jong-un, has absolute power over the government and the people.
There was no freedom of expression in the novel Animal Farm. If somebody went against Napoleon's wishes, they would endure the cruel, violent consecuences
There are severe limits on the freedom of expression of the Korean citizens, who are closely supervised by the government.
Propaganda: Squealer fools the animals and convinces them with fake statistics in favor of Napoleon and the other pigs.
Propaganda for the North Korean government is crucial, in order to be positively portrayed, both nationally and internationally.
The pigs were the only option, or candidates, to rule the farm.

North Korea functions as a single-party, totalitarian family dictatorship.
Old Majors ideals originally sparked the revolution of the animals but after they got the power they created a new form of abuse of power and inequality.
The North Korean government started off with the Marxism-Leninism references, but these have been formally replaced by the government. It is no longer a communist government.

The Russian Revolution
In 1917, Russia underwent two revolutions, ending with centuries of imperial rule and starting a political and social changes that would lead to the formation of the Soviet Union. This was the result of growing civil unrest and food shortages, especially for the working class, and the numerous privileges for the upper class. This let to an open revolt, forcing the abduction of the last Russian czar, Nicholas II (1868 – 1918). Months later, the just installed provisional government was overthrown by the more radical Bolsheviks (extremely radicalized party), led by Vladimir Lenin (1870 – 1924)
By 1917, many of the Russian had lost faith in the leadership ability of Czar Nicholas II. The government was corrupt, the Russian economy was passing through tough times, and the Czar repeatedly dissolved the Duma, the Russian parliament established after the 1905 revolution. However, the cause of the first stage of the Russian revolution, the February revolution, was the disastrous involvement in World War I (1914-1918). The Russian casualties were numerous, greater than any other war they underwent before.
The February Revolution began on March 8, 1917 (or February 3 on the Julian calendar) when demonstrators clamoring for bread took to the streets in the Russian capital of Petrograd (now called St. Petersburg). With the support of huge crowds of striking industrial workers, the protesters began to clash with the police but refused to leave the streets. On March 10, the strike extended among all of Petrograd’s workers, and furious group destroyed the police stations.
On March 11, the troops of the Petrograd army garrison were called out to tame the uprising. In some encounters, the troops opened fire, killing demonstrators, but the protesters kept to the streets and the troops began to weaken. On March 12, the revolution triumphed when the regiments of the Petrograd garrison gradually began to desert.
The imperial government was forced to resign, and the Duma formed a provisional government that peacefully struggled with the Petrograd Soviet for control of the revolution. The next day, March 15, Czar Nicholas II abdicated the throne in favor of his brother Michael (1878-1918), but refused, leading to the end to the czarist regime.

In the aftermath of the February Revolution, power was shared between the weak provisional government and the Petrograd Soviet. Then, on November 6 and 7, 1917 (or October 24 and 25 on the Julian calendar, which is why this event is also referred to as the October Revolution), radically leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin, launched a nearly bloodless coup d’état (overturn, “golpe de estado”) against the provisional government. The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied strategic locations, such as government buildings, in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its leader.
Lenin became the dictator of the first Marxist (from Karl Marx, considered the father of modern communist) state in the world. His government made peace with Germany, nationalized industry and distributed land, but in the beginning of 1918 had to fight a devastating civil war against anti-Bolshevik White Army forces. The anti-Bolsheviks were defeated in 1920, and in 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was established.

Mr. Pilkington:
leader of England, probably King George.
Mr. Whymper:
a capitalist who did business with the Soviet Union.
Mr. Frederick:
leader of Germany, Hitler mostly in the end.
Russian working class
: female working class
Russian upper or high class; White Army
the military and police
Bluebell, Jessie, Pincher:
classes that were left out or not favored by the communist (clergy, rural workers or farmers, ‘intelligentsia’ {cult people, involved in complex mental activities, intellectual} and other “non-labor union” types)
the Russian Orthodox Church
peasant farms
represents the spread of the communism throughout the world – The “Communist World Revolution” or the Comitern.
Old Benjamin, the donkey:
Old men; The old times of Russia
the large masses.

Character Parallels
Main Characters
Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign.

Leon Trotsky. Communist Leon Trotsky helped ignite the Russian Revolution of 1917, and built the Red Army afterward. He was exiled to Mexico and was later assassinated by a Soviet agent.

Old Major:
He appears to be a combination of Vladimir Lenin and Karl Marx.

the government propaganda newspaper
. Told the "truth" that suited the government.
Minor Characters
The conflicts and themes present in Animal Farm also appear in real life. Not just in the past but also in the present we find that abuse of power, dictatorships and totalitarian governments.This will also happen our future. Some dictators had good intentions in the beginning but after they possess power, they forget this intentions. Some dictators are not like this, they have their intentions very clear from the beginning.
Full transcript