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Ch. 2 Puritan New England
Transcript of Ch. 2 Puritan New England
city upon a hill
"City on a Hill"
Puritans- church members who wanted to purify or reform the Church of England, holy community in New England
Puritans and Pilgrims
roots in English reformation
break from Roman Catholicism
Separatists-formed independent congregations
(didn't think they could reform Anglican church)
also known as PILGRIMS- fled from England to escape persecution (Holland then America)
City upon a hill
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1629- Winthrop obtains royal charter for joint-stock company, authority for independent government
More Puritans went to New England
(like separatists) felt religious persecution, political repression, horrible economy
"the Lord will provide shelter and a hiding place"
Port town of Boston
1630- 17 ships, 1,000 people, Puritan and non-Puritan
Great size/planning- Plymouth incorporated to MBC
City upon a hill
Winthrop sermon before landing
Church and State
close relationship of gov. and Pritan church
civic officials were members of Puritan church "God's elect" to do "God's will"
Puritan laws criminalized: drunkenness, swearing, theft, idleness
John Winthrop- first governor
formed Anglican church
puritans- wanted to purify the Anglican church
rejected authority of Anglican bishops
English colony in
Agreement-create a civil government, pledge loyalty to the king
purpose- frame "just and equal laws... for the good of colony"
laws approved by majority
landmark of American democracy
"model of Christian charity"
Was everybody equal?
'some must be rich, poor, high place, common place and subjugation'
Did not create a democracy, but spread political power moreso than England
right to vote to all adult males who belonged to the Puritan church (40%) colony's men
General Court with Governor
Puritans kept watchful eye on
actions of husbands, wives, children
children could be placed in other home
couples could be counseled or "stocked" for arguing
Against "forced religion"
1) English settlers had no right to land unless it was purchased from Native Americans
2) government officials had no right to punish settlers for religious beliefs, everyone should be worship according to conscience
General Court- ordered his arrest;
Williams fled to what is now Providence, Rhode Island.
Negotiated with Narrangasett tribe
Gauranteed separation of church and state
taught the Holy Spirit enlightens believers
worshipers needed neither church or minister to interpret bible
settler 1 acre- native american 20 acres
No hunting/fishing on Sunday's????
settlers saw treaties as one-time deal to ownership
native americans agreed to "share" land
Pequot War- 1637
Colonists form alliance with Narragansett,
enemies of the Pequot
1/10 colonial men
Native American Disputes