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Ch. 2 Puritan New England

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Johanna French

on 22 August 2017

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Transcript of Ch. 2 Puritan New England

Puritan New England
city upon a hill
"City on a Hill"
Puritans- church members who wanted to purify or reform the Church of England, holy community in New England
Puritans and Pilgrims
roots in English reformation
break from Roman Catholicism

Separatists-formed independent congregations

(didn't think they could reform Anglican church)

also known as PILGRIMS- fled from England to escape persecution (Holland then America)
City upon a hill
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1629- Winthrop obtains royal charter for joint-stock company, authority for independent government

More Puritans went to New England
(like separatists) felt religious persecution, political repression, horrible economy
"the Lord will provide shelter and a hiding place"

Port town of Boston

1630- 17 ships, 1,000 people, Puritan and non-Puritan

Great size/planning- Plymouth incorporated to MBC

City upon a hill
Winthrop sermon before landing
Church and State
close relationship of gov. and Pritan church

civic officials were members of Puritan church "God's elect" to do "God's will"

Puritan laws criminalized: drunkenness, swearing, theft, idleness
John Winthrop- first governor
Henry VIII
Elizabeth 1
formed Anglican church
puritans- wanted to purify the Anglican church
rejected authority of Anglican bishops
Plymouth Colony-
second permanent
English colony in
Agreement-create a civil government, pledge loyalty to the king
purpose- frame "just and equal laws... for the good of colony"

laws approved by majority
landmark of American democracy
"model of Christian charity"
Was everybody equal?
Social equality?

political democracy?

'some must be rich, poor, high place, common place and subjugation'

Did not create a democracy, but spread political power moreso than England

right to vote to all adult males who belonged to the Puritan church (40%) colony's men

General Court with Governor

Puritans kept watchful eye on
actions of husbands, wives, children

children could be placed in other home

couples could be counseled or "stocked" for arguing
Roger Williams
Against "forced religion"

1) English settlers had no right to land unless it was purchased from Native Americans

2) government officials had no right to punish settlers for religious beliefs, everyone should be worship according to conscience

General Court- ordered his arrest;
Williams fled to what is now Providence, Rhode Island.
Negotiated with Narrangasett tribe
Gauranteed separation of church and state
Anne Hutchinson
taught the Holy Spirit enlightens believers

worshipers needed neither church or minister to interpret bible

banished- 1638
banished 1636
settler 1 acre- native american 20 acres
No hunting/fishing on Sunday's????
settlers saw treaties as one-time deal to ownership
native americans agreed to "share" land
Pequot War- 1637

Colonists form alliance with Narragansett,
enemies of the Pequot
90 colonists
Hundreds Narragansett
wampanoag Chief
1/10 colonial men
Native American Disputes
Full transcript