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Untitled Prezi

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kathleen murphy

on 21 February 2013

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Jean Watson The components of Dr. Watson’s
caring theory:

•The Carative Factors
•A transpersonal caring relationship
•The caring occasion or caring event A Three Part Foundation Carative Factors Jean Watson was born on June 10, 1940 in Williamson, West Virginia.

She graduated from the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in Roanoke, Virginia, in 1961.

She continued her nursing studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder, earning a B.S. in 1964, an M.S. in psychiatric and mental health nursing in 1966, and a Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling in 1973.

She has been awarded nine honorary doctoral degrees in six countries. Jean Watson, PhD, RN, HNC, FAAN, is a Distinguished Professor of Nursing and sits in the nation's first endowed chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado.

Watson is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, past-president of the National League for Nursing, and acclaimed author of leading works in nursing education and Caritas (the philosophy, science and theory of caring). Human Being
Health
Nursing
Actual caring occasion
Transpersonal
Phenomenal field
Self
Time Next scenario: You walk into the room and find the patient crying, what carative factors would you apply? Next scenario: You walk into the room and find the patient crying, what carative factors would you apply?


Possible answers:
Factor 5 - Enable the patient to discuss positive and negative feelings concerning her current healthcare situation and come to a mutual agreement
Factor 8 - Ensure that her environment is comfortable and she is able to relax and get rest.
Factor 9 & 10. help our patient reach harmony (mind, body, spirit) through holistic and caring modalities. Assess patient support system. Factor 5 - Enable the patient to discuss positive and negative feelings concerning her current healthcare situation.

Factor 8 - Ensure that her environment is comfortable and she is able to relax and get rest.

Factor 9 & 10- Help our patient reach harmony (mind, body, & spirit) through holistic and caring modalities. Assess patient support system. •Watson proposed that “caring and love are universal and mysterious "cosmic forces" that comprise the primal and universal psychic energy."

•She believes that “it is crucial to sustain human caring ideals and a caring ideology in the nursing practice.” History History Jean Watson drew parts of her theory from theorists Florence Nightengale and Martha Rogers, and from psychologists Giorgi, Johnson, and Koch
Watson synthesized concepts from these disciplines to form her nursing as a science of human caring
Dr. Watson's early work with this theory was the only one at the time that incorporated the spiritual dimension of nursing Philisophical Underpinnings Major Assumptions Major Concepts of Science of Human Caring Included in Watson's major concepts of the science of human caring are definitions for three of the four metaparadigm concepts:

Human Being - "A valued person to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood, and assisted"

Health -"Unity and harmony within the mind, body, and soul; health is associated with the degree of congruence between the self as perceived and the self as experienced."

Nursing -" A human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic, and ethical human care transactions." Major Concepts Relationships •A transpersonal caring field transcends time, space, and physicality

•A transpersonal caring relationship embodies the spirit of patient and practitioner within the field of consciousness

•A transpersonal caring relationship transcends the ego of both patient and practitioner, creating new possibilities for how to be in the moment

•Transpersonal caring is communicated via practitioner’s energy patterns

•Caring-healing modalities are noninvasive, nonintrusive, natural-human, and energetic

•Transpersonal caring promotes self-knowledge, self-control, and self-healing patterns and possibilities An ontological assumption of oneness, wholeness, unity, relatedness, and connectedness

An epistemological assumption that there are multiple ways of knowing

Diversity of knowing assumes all, and various forms of evidence can be included

A Caring Science model makes these diverse perspectives explicitly and directly

Moral-metaphysical integration with science evokes spirit; this orientation is not only possible but also necessary for our science, humanity, society-civilization, and world-planet

A Caring Science emergence, founded on new assumptions makes explicit an expanding unitary, energetic, worldview with a relational human caring ethic and ontology as its starting point Group Discussion Carative factors used with
our patient pre-masectomy:

What carative factors can be used prior to meeting with our patient? Possible Answers
Factor 1 - Honor, respect and be open to each patient. Do not judge, provide all patients with the same respect and level of care.

Factor 2 - Instill hope with our patient that she will get through this tough time

Factor 3 - Discuss the patient’s feelings and perceptions about their quality of life and symptom management.

Factor 4 - Provide a trusting relationship where the patient feels that you are committed to helping them. Advocate for the patients as needed.
•Goal was to guide the “core” of nursing; In contrast to medicine’s “curative factors”

•First three factors are the philosophical foundation for the science of caring

•The final seven build upon these first three factors What is Caring? References A Science of Human Caring Allison Widhson
Andreia Candido
Jacqueline Morando
Kara Jeffas
Kathleen Murphy Possible Answers Usefulness -Theory of Human Care and Art and Science of Human Caring are used daily by nurses in diverse settings

- Many Universities incorporate Watson's theory into their undergraduate, graduate, and PhD programs

- School of Nursing at Georgia Southern University in Statesboro teaches from the human caring philosophy Testability & Parsimony Testability of a grand theory:

Is the research methodology qualitative and inductive?

The Theory of Human Caring meets the criterion of testability for middle-range theorists.

- Watson cites “qualitative-naturalistic-phenomenological field methods of inquiry or a combined qualitative-quantitative inquiry” are in keeping with the Theory of Human Caring and maintains that the “optimal method for studying the theory is through field study that is qualitative in design.”

The Theory of Human Caring meets the criterion of parsimony through analysis revealing that the theory has progressed from elegance in its simplicity and relative economy of words to a more complex and verbose work. McEwen, M. & Willis, E. (2011). 1
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