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Transcript of Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Definition
About 70 countries use capital punishment
In the U.S. - 34 states, U.S. Military, & U.S. Government allow capital punishment
Methods vary from state to state
SEARCH OUT THE FACTS
Lethal Gas Chamber
METHODS IN DETAIL
LETHAL GAS CHAMBER
Introduced in 1982
34 states, the U.S. Military and the U.S. Government
Viewed as the "most humane process"
3 drugs are used in the process
Sodium Thiopental: sleep inhibitor
Pancuronium Bromide: paralyzes muscles
Potassium Chloride: stops heart
Introduced in 1890
Still an option in 8 states
Process of Execution:
Strapped to chair
Shocked (500-2000 volts)
Repeated until death occurs
Introduced in 1924
Still an option in 4 states
Inmate is exposed to cyanide gas
Dies from hypoxia: the cutting-off of oxygen to the brain
Introduced in 1608
Still an option in 2 states
After an inmate is shot...
Ruptured heart, large blood vessel, or tearing of lungs
If shooter misses: bleed to death
Introduced in 1780
Option in 3 states
Certain factors calculated before execution
rope too long
rope too short
Dies from rapid fracture or dislocation of neck
34 states, the U.S. Government, and the U.S. Military permit
18 states and the District of Columbia do not permit
11 states are on the border
Study conducted in November 2014
63% of Americans favor death penalty
Decreased since 1994 - 80% favored
Furman v. Georgia
"cruel and unusual punishment"
Handles special cases when...
Death penalty is not available
Sentence resulted in less than death
Death sentence has been overturned on appeal
Varies from state to state
They took a life
They deserve it
They will repeat the crime
Deterrence for potential crime
Don't believe in rehabilitation
Relieves prison overcrowding
Benefits family of victim
Wrong to take a life
May be wrongly convicted
Need to pay/suffer longer/think about crime
Does not deter potential crime
Costs more to keep prisoners on death row
Possibility of rehabilitation
Life Sentence without Parole
"a form of death penalty, namely, death by incarceration"
Cheaper than death penalty
Keeps offenders off the streets
Allows mistakes to be corrected
Life Imprisonment without Parole
Prisoners spend remainder of natural lives in prison
All freedom is taken away
Threat to others in prison
Live empty lives
Only "existing" as mere shadows of their former selves
Prisoner's life is ended
Overall crime rate is not reduced significantly
Costs 2-5 times more than a life sentence
Death Row Syndrome
Brought to the death house
Put in a cell
Preparation for death
Sense of calmness
Safe and proper method of death
Attorney General's office
Checking the equipment
REASONS CATHOLIC CHURCH IS AGAINST CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
Exceptions are more restricted
Does not deter serious crime
Written by Pope John Paul II
It "ought not go to the extreme of executing the offender except in cases of absolute necessity"
"very rare, if not practically nonexistent"
"Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot"
"You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' But I say to you, do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also."
Catholic viewpoint - abolishing
How can we go out and make a difference in the world?
Responsible for watching prisoner
SISTER HELEN PREJEAN
Efficient methods of death
Time of death
Sister of St. Joseph
Spiritual adviser for prisoners
"Dead Man Walking"
Pro-long execution time
Disagreement between family members
Life of victim is not valuable
FAMILY OF THE CONVICTED
World is against them
Horrified or traumatized
God of Compassion,
You let your rain fall on the just and the unjust.
Expand and deepen our hearts
so that we may love as You love,
even those among us
who have caused the greatest pain by taking life.
For there is in our land a great cry for vengeance
as we fill up death rows and kill the killers
in the name of justice, in the name of peace.
Jesus, our brother,
you suffered execution at the hands of the state
but you did not let hatred overcome you.
Help us to reach out to victims of violence
so that our enduing love may help them heal.
Holy Spirit of God,
You strengthen us in the struggle for justice.
Help us to work tirelessly
for the abolition of state-sanctioned death
and to renew our society in its very heart
so that violence will be no more. Amen.
-Sister Helen Prejean
DEATH ROW SYNDROME
Psychotic, self-destructive behavior
Healthy prisoner often becomes mentally ill
Deterioration in those previously diagnosed as mentally ill
Olivia Hymel, Sarah Langlois, Molly Lopinto, & Bailey Polson