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Demographic structures

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kimpoy aquino

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Demographic structures

Organization and their Structural
and Political Environment

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi

Performance Orientation
Uncertainty Avoidance
Humane Orientation
In-group Collectivism
Gender egalitarianism
Future Orientation
Power Distance

Thank You!
Demographic structures
and product and labor market

a set of social mechanisms though which labor is bought and sold
the market in which workers compete for jobs and employers compete for workers
it provides the structure through which workers and employers interact in relation to the jobs, working conditions and pay.
Labor market

A product market is where goods and services produced by businesses are sold to households.

It includes a broad group of products that satisfy a general, yet similar, need.

Product market

Primary labor market.

Jobs tend to be highly skilled and highly paid, have clear lines of advancement, and offer greater than average degrees of training and job security to workers.

Secondary labor market.

Jobs tend to be low in pay, prestige, and security, and offer little opportunity for advancement. They also typically have a high turnover.


Studies of a population based on factors
such as age, race, sex, economic status, lifestyle, level of education, income level and employment, among others.

Demographic trends
describe the historical changes
in demographics in a population over time.

The Value of Demographic Trends

Staying up to date on the latest demographic trends enables organizations to
identify existing and emerging markets for their products and services.
By evaluating customers’ and prospects’ demographic trends, business decision-makers can identify changing
needs in the marketplace and adjust to them. Demographic trends can also help organizations spot future spending treands.

An estimated 5.492 million children aged 5 to 17 years were working in 2011 according to the preliminary results of the 2011 Survey on Children (SOC)
Population with age 15-64 increased to 12.2 million as of 2010
Self-employed workers decreased to 27.5% from 29.5% as of July 2012.
Labor market trends
Labor and employment in the Agriculture decreased by 12.8%, Industry decreased by 0.01% and Service industry increased by 12.6%
Men continue to dominate the workforce as they accounted for more than 60% of total employed over the past ten years
Changing households - more and more families choose, or need, to have two parents working.
Higher level of education required.
Joyce Mejia
The Influence of Culture on Organizational
Values, Attitudes, Behavior and Performance
Cariza Grace Silastre
A complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, customs and other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.
- Edward Tylor

Examples of Filipino Culture

Utang na Loob
Loyalty, Commitment, Pakikisama
Pakiusap and Bigayan Process
How Culture Influences
Organizational Culture
How Culture Influences Organizational Culture
Socio-economic Groupings:
the distribution of Income and Wealth

Karen Gay Apolonio

Socio-economic Group
It refers to a person's position in society's structural and functional systems. These are the divisions of people by income and occupation

High level managerial
Mid level managerial
Skilled laborers
Semi skilled workers
Irregular workers

Distribution of Income
and Wealth
Distribution of Income
Income distribution reveals what percentage of individuals are at various wage levels, information that can reveal more about overall wage patterns than average income can.
is a net total of the flow of payments received in a given time period
Income can be in the form of:
Benefit payments
Income from self employment
Socioeconomic Dimensions of Income Inequality
Income distribution can be shown according to socioeconomic characteristics:
- Ethnicity.
- Geographic region.
- Gender.
- Type of job.

The Distribution of Wealth
Distribution of wealth is a comparison of the wealth of various members or groups in a society.

is an accumulated store of possessions and financial claims. It may be given a monetary value if prices can be determined for each of the possessions.
Wealth consists of those items of economic value that an individual owns, while income is an inflow of items of economic value

Kimberly Aquino

Social Resposibility
Traditional view
“the business of business is

Modern view
The establishment and development of business depends upon the contribution made by the society.

- is the obligation of organization’s management to make decisions and take actions that will enhance the welfare and interests of society as well as the organization.
Social Responsibility of Business Towards Different sections of society
Towards owners or shareholders
Towards employees
Towards customers
Towards government
Towards Suppliers
Towards inter-Business
Towards community
Towards owners or
To safeguard the capital.
A fair return on investment.
To ensure proper utilization of invested capital.
Timely payment of dividend.
Provide full & accurate information regarding business.
Towards employees
Providing fair wages.
Proper selection, training and promotion.
Ensuring health, safety and comfortable working conditions.
Education of employees.
Participative management.
Providing an efficient complaint handling system.

Towards customers
True and fair information through advertisements.
Charge reasonable prices.
Avoid black marketing
To manufacture the product according to the needs of customers.
Increase productivity
Improve quality and services
Smoothen the distribution system
To ensure product has no adverse effects on consumers.
To provide opportunity to consumers for making complaints and to handle the genuine complaints.
Towards government
To fulfill all legal requirements.
To pay its dues and taxes other state fully and honestly.
To not purchase political support by unfair means;
To sell his goods, commodities and services without adulteration at fair and reasonable prices, and
To avoid monopoly.
To avoid corrupting.
Towards Suppliers
To develop and maintain healthy relations with suppliers.
Dealing with suppliers should be based on fair terms and conditions.
Payment should also be made on time.
Provide healthy cooperative business relationship between diff. businesses.
Prevention of unfair and unethical competition and unfair interference in the rival’s business.
Not to spread false rumors about rival’s product.
Not to show unethical advertisement.
Not to create artificial scarcity.
Towards inter-Business
Towards community
Taking appropriate steps to prevent environmental pollution and preserve ecological balance
Assisting in over all development of locality.
Taking steps to conserve scarce resources
Improving the efficiency of business operation
In the field of
In the field of
Major arguments

social responsibility
For social responsibility
Dependence of business on society, Long run profit.
Public image
Better environment
Harmonious and healthy relations with the society
Balance of responsibility and power
Against social responsibility
Violation of profit maximization
Ignoring the main objective, Lead to increase in prices.
Lack of accountability
Ethical behavior in the corporate
and social responsibility

Kenneth Latoza
Karen Grace Corpuz
Political Parties and
Pressure Groups and their
Influence on Government Policy
They are voluntary organizations made up of members with broadly similar views that seek to form Government through securing the election of its candidates.

They are organizations whose members all share common interests and goals, and they wish to influence Government to attain these goals.
Types of
Pressure Groups
Insider and
Outsider Groups
Insider Group
a pressure group that enjoys regular, privileged and usually institutionalized access to government.
Outsider Group
a pressure group that is either not consulted by government or consulted only irregularly.
Interest and Cause Groups
Interest Group
a pressure group that exists to advance or protect the interests of its members.
Cause Group
a pressure group that exists to advance particular values, ideals and principles.

Seek to win power
Broad issue focus
Shared preferences

Seek to exert influence
Narrow issue focus
Shared interests/ common causes
How do
influence policy formulation?
Try to be elected
Work alongside pressure groups
Create policy when in power
Boycott political engagements

How do
influence policy formulation?
Lobby key policy makers
Fund parties
Boycott firms
Civil disobedience
Distribute leaflets
What is Ethics?
It is a study of right and wrong moral laws
and regulations.
Ethical Behavior
means honesty, confidence, respect and fair acting in all circumstances.
Ethical Philosophies
One component of the change to a concern with social responsibility and accountability has been the
recognition or reinstatement of the importance of ethics organization activity and behavior.
Deontological Ethics
According to deontological certain actions are right or wrong in themselves and so there are absolute ethical standard which need to upheld.
Teleological ethics
Teleological theory distinguishes between “the right” and “the good” with the “right” encompassing those actions which maximize “the good”.

Is based upon the premise that
outcomes are all that matter in
determining what is good and that the way in which society achieves its ultimate good is through each person pursuing his/her self interest.
Ethical relativism
May be further subdivided into;
Ethical objectivism
There are two variants of ethical objectivism.

Corporate behavior
Involves legal rules, ethical codes of conduct and social responsibility
of Corporate
The Corporate Behavior Pyramid. 
Social responsibility
The Role of the State and
Its Impact on Organizations
Genesis Gacusan
---a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government
--- is a community of persons more or less numerous occupying a definite portion of territory completely free of external control and possessing an organized government to which a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.

Philippine Constitution (1987)

We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order
to build a just and humane society
and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations,
promote the common good
, conserve and develop our patrimony, and
to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of
truth, justice, freedom, love, equality,
do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
State Power
Four Essential Element of a State
Functions of Government
National Defense and Security
Environmental Protection
Foreign Affairs
Social and Cultural
Impact on Organizations
Corporate Profits
Three way distribution
Corporate profits taxes
Undistributed corporate profits
Full transcript