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Transcript of Frame Narrative
Purpose of Narrative Structure
The narrative structure of Frankenstein allows the reader to get three different looks into the same story, and provides all sides of the story. The reader is able to form their own opinions about the characters and the events that take place.
Epistolary Novel & Frame Narrative
Epistolary Novel: A novel written using a series of documents. Generally these documents are letters, although diary entries, newspaper clippings, and other documents are used. Frankenstein uses a series of letters to recount first person narratives of the main characters.
Frame Narrative: A literary device used to tell a story within a story. Another person's story is told through someone who reads it or hears it. In Frankenstein, a layer of stories makes up the novel.
Historical Time Period
Published: 1818 during the early stages of Britain's Industrial Revolution. Machines started replacing the work of people, and people lived in fear of this development.
This novel reflects the dangers of mankind's technological evolution during this time.
Like the world we live in today, technology and science are always advancing.
Big Idea and Essential Questions
• What consequences do we face when we don't take responsibility for our actions?
• How do lack of compassion and understanding lead to prejudice and stereotyping?
• How can scientific advancement and exploration be both good and bad?
Post a response to the discussion on Canvas titled "Narrative Structure."
Layers of Stories
Captain Robert Walton- Primary narrator who writes letters to his sister telling of Victor Frankenstein's story which Frankenstein tells to Walton. Walton recounts Frankenstein's story in a first person narrative.
Victor Frankenstein- Tells his story to Capt. Robert Walton who writes to his sister. Victor's narrative contains the monster's first person story as well as letters from other characters.
Creature/ Monster- Conveyed through Victor's first person narrative.