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Carl Jung

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on 16 November 2014

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Transcript of Carl Jung

Carl Jung
Jung's Terminology
Personal Unconscious: The personal unconscious is made up of two parts; one being a personal reservoir of experience unique to each individual, and secondly a part of the unconscious that is not the result of personal experience but is inherited. This portion of the unconscious he refers to as the "collective unconscious".

Collective Unconscious: The collective unconscious contains psychic material that lies below the threshold of consciousness and is an amalgamation of shared ideas that is universal across humanity. Jung linked the collective unconscious to be the presence of what cannot be explained by anything in the individual's own life, which therefore seems to be inherited.

Archetypes: Jung believed that archetypes exist in the collective unconscious as an inherited unconscious idea, patter of thought, collection of images inherited by members of the same group. Archetypes reveal themselves in mythical literature in images (e.g.: the great father or great mother) or in patterns of action (e.g.: disobedience and self-sacrifice).

1. What is Jung's view on the relationship of the unconscious mind to the conscious mind?

2. How does Jung's view of the unconscious differ from Freud's?

3. As explained by Jung, how does an archetype influence one's decisions or motivations in life?

- Jung invented the terms
(independent, inward directed individual) and
(socially minded, outward directed individual.

- Jung had a near death experience in 1944 from a heart-attack. He was clinically dead for a few minutes before the doctors could revive him.

- Jung’s doctoral dissertation(1) explored the occult.

-The Police album, Synchronicity(2), was named after Carl Jung's theory.

Carl Jung
- Born on July 26th, 1875, Passed June 6th, 1961
- Place of Origin: Switzerland
- Psychiatrist, psychotherapist and philosopher
- Disciple of Sigmund Freud (working together years 1907-1912)
- Studied the worlds myth structures and systems, such as alchemy(1) and occult literature(2). - Founder of Analytical Psychology (emphasis on exploring both conscious and unconscious processes in the mind.)

Carl Jung
. Web Source: < http://www.counter-currents.com/2010/10/last-encounter-with-carl-jung/ > Nov. 2013.
(1) The medieval forerunner of chemistry, concerned with the transmutation of matter, in particular with attempts to convert base metals into gold or find a universal elixir.
(2) Mystical, supernatural, or magical powers, practices, or phenomena.
Interesting Facts about Carl Jung
(1) a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification
(2) Synchronicity( first conceived by Jung ) is the experience of two or more events as meaningfully related, as opposed to being causally( eg.cause-effect) related.
Carl Jung with Freud
. Carl Jung (lower right) and Sigmund Freud (lower left) in 1908, at Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA. Web . <http://soultherapynow.com/articles/carl-jung.html > Nov. 2013.
Three Parts Of the Psyche

Archetypes and their Relevancy
Universally present in individual psyches. Archetypes can refer to a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting or mythology.

- The Ego Type - Examples: The hero, the caregiver

- The Soul Type - Example: The explorer, the creator

- The Self Type - The magician, the ruler
Freud Vs. Jung
The fractious patient in spread eagle form receiving medical treatment of
Douche Bath in the Penna. Hospital for the Insane, July 4th, 1868.
Ebenezer Haskell, The trial of Ebenezer Haskell, in lunacy, and his acquittal before Judge
Brewster in November 1868. Philadelphia: E. Haskell, 1869.
Keep In mind......
During the late 19th century, treatments such as the one seen below were common place in insane asylums. Talk based therapy was not valued at the time as a legitimate way of dealing with mental illness.
(1) (in Freudian theory) the complex of emotions aroused in a young child, typically around the age of four, by an unconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite sex and wish to exclude the parent of the same sex. (The term was originally applied to boys, the equivalent in girls being called the Electra complex).
Carl Jung's Four Archetypes. Web Source: < http://ampretty.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/archetypes.png .>
Additional Archetypes

Anne Hathaway as Catwoman
. Batman (1960). Web Source :
< http://sobadsogood.com/2011/08/07/the-many-faces-of-catwoman-anne-hathaway-as-catwoman/ > Nov. 2013.
Jung felt that
the archetypes we
idealize and base our
morality on start from
heroes. Either real or
fictional, they directly
influence our behavior.
Copyright ©2013 Mary Bunner .
Freud defined the unconscious as a collection of repressed material produced by the conscious mind. Jung divided the psyche into three parts: the conscious (the ego), the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. The collective unconscious was a reason for he and Freud's split.
Jung argued that similar to the evolution of the human body that keeps traces of ancestral bodies, the human psyche carries all the previous history of human development.
Jung did not ideological agree with Freud's concept, the Oedipus Complex(1). This disagreement thus ending he and Freud's mutual collaboration.
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