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Animal Behavior

Worksheet answers

Edward Terzian

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Animal Behavior

Behavior is: something an organism does in responding to its environment.
Innate Behavior is: also called instinct! It is a behavior that was present from birth. It can be considered a genetic phenotype! An example: The evil cuckoo bird!
Self-preservation and species preservation are the strongest instincts because all organisms must preserve their genes at all costs for future generations!
Courtship behaviors exist to encourage reproduction!
The flight or fight response involves major changes in the physiology of the body in response to extreme stress.
Territoriality is basically "protecting your space." Usually for mating purposes.
Aggression involves intimidating other members of your own species.
A dominance hierarchy - or "pecking order" - is shown in many animals (including humans) to determine rank in society. It is though to decrease energy expended over a lifetime in the "struggle to the top."
Circadian rhythms are 24 hour cycles of behavior in an organism
Migration is the movement of a group of individulas in response to a stimulus in order to increase chances of survival
An animal acquires a learned behavior through practice, observation, or experience.
Motivation provides the desire for a behavior to occur
Imprinting is a baby forming an attachment with the first animal it sees after birth
Habituation is when an animal learns to get used to a stimulus - and no longer repond to it. Ex.: A police horse.
Trail and Error is self explanatory - right??
Conditioning - eliciting a behavior with an unrelated stimulus - see Pavlov's Dog!
Hibernation: an animal's body entering a low energy state in order to increase survival during periods of harsh environmental conditions
Insight: an organism using information it learned from a previous situation it had encountered
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