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ABA

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Katie Kavanaugh

on 5 January 2013

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Transcript of ABA

Applied Behavior Analysis An Introduction and Exploration 7 Dimensions Applied
Behavioral
Analytic
Technological
Conceptually Systematic
Effective
Generalizable
The application of behavioral principles to make socially significant change. Behavioral vs. Mentalistic Mentalistic Child Tantruming
Throwing things, screaming Behavioral Because he's mad.
Because he has ODD
Because he has ADHD
Because he doesn't have a secure bond with his mom Because in the past, he's avoided something by tantruming
Because in the past he's gotten something by tantruming. Cause of Behavior Biological Makeup
History of Reinforcement
Current Environment
4 Functions Positive
Punishment Negative
Punishment Negative Reinforcement Examples: Spanking
saying "stop it", "don't do that" , "no" etc.
Cutting yourself whilst chopping food
giving someone dirty look
requiring a child to clean up a mess he/she made
Examples: Getting food out of the cabinet
"That's Right", "Way to Go"
Reprimands
Food, snacks Examples: Removal from a pleasant activity
removal of a treat
removal of toys
Stop talking to someone
Walk away from someone
Adding a Stimulus That decreases behavior Adding a stimulus Taking away a stimulus That Decreases Behavior Taking away a stimulus Antecedent Behavior Consequence Adding Stimulus
or
Removing Stimulus Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Types of
Conditioning Ring a Bell?
Pavlov
Pairing of a Neutral Stimulus with a UCS. Also called Classical Conditioning Neutral Windows Sound Unconditioned Stimulus Food Response Nothing Neutral Windows Sound Response Salivation
Increased serotonin, dopamine Unconditioned Stimulus Food Response Salivation
Increased serotonin, dopamine Stimulus Follows Behavior to increase or decrease behavior Conditioned Stimulus Windows Sound Response Salivation
Increased serotonin, dopamine Positive Reinforcement Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Did you just eat? Do I not have your favorite? Are you starving? Am I holding your favorite? Is your breath stinky? Are you Tired? Were you punished for raising your hand? Do you hate candy? Respondent Conditioning Operant Conditioning that increases behavior that increases behavior Least amount of negative side effect
More effective than Punishment alone
The least likely to inflict harm Four Domains of Behavior Analysis Behaviorism Experimental Analysis of Behavior Applied Behavior Analysis Practice Guided by Behavior Analysis Theory and Philosophy Basic Research Applied Research Helping People behave more successfully Science Science Science and Application Application Positive Reinforcement Applications of ABA Before condition.
Discriminative Stimulus The response of the individual Contingency Diagram Animal Training
Sports Training
Education Settings
Neuro-Typical Students
Developmental Disabilities
Organizational Behavior Management Settings
Consumer Behavior and Sales Animal Training * Clicker Training Sports Training Education Settings Exercise in Positive Reinforcement vs Positive Punishment Volunteers? Organizational Behavior Management Increasing Productivity
Reducing Accidents What can you do? Bachelor's Level-BCaBA
Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst
Bachelors' Degree PLUS Certification Courses

Masters' Level-BCBA
Board Certified Behavior Analyst
Masters' Degree in Special Ed, Psychology, or applicable field PLUS certification courses
Masters' Degree in ABA Examples: Seat Belt Reminder Antecedent Behavior Consequence Student gets praise Did you just eat? "Sit Down" Student sits Did you just eat? Antecedent Behavior Consequence Taste water Did you just eat? Take Drink Water Bottle
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