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Intro To Debate
Transcript of Intro To Debate
What is Public Speaking?
1: the act or process of making speeches in public
2: the art of effective oral communication with an audience
Why is it important to know your audience?
Talking to your mother is different than talking to your best friend. Talking to your biology teacher about trees is different than talking to a small child about trees.
What is voice and how does one utilize it to effectively convey a message?
The way your voice sounds when public speaking is critical.
-Vocal variety is important. NO monotone!
-Speak loudly enough for EVERYONE to hear you. Whisper when you want attention and get louder when describing an argument you witnessed.
-Vary your pitch. Beware of up-talking and down-talking. End strong and clear.
-Beware of "verbal crutches." "Um, uh, like, ya'know?"
What is the role of the audience when listening to a speech?
What is the importance of proper pronunciation/enunciation?
What is the importance
of proper pace and projection?
How does one utilize the body to effectively convey a message?
How does one combat nerves when delivering a speech?
What are the common elements of outstanding speakers?
What are strategies that one can use to prepare and practice for public speaking?
Be courteous. Take notes. Pay attention. Give feedback. Make eye contact.
-Pronunciation = the way a word is pronounced.
-Enunciation = to articulate speech
-Imagine someone giving a speech that pronounced words incorrectly and mumbled all of their words. Effective or ineffective?
-Most people often can't wait to be done speaking so they talk too fast and forget to breathe.
-Focus on one person at a time, speak to them about an entire thought, and then switch to another person for a new thought.
-Gives you time to think/collect your thoughts
-Gives your audience time to rest and digest
-Helps you dramatize and add variety
-NODS = Neutral, Open, Defined, & Strong - Stand neutrally, keeps you open to your audience, make defined gestures, and make them strong.
-Occupy space that shows you are comfortable within it.
-Use your prop; don't let the prop use you.
-Watch your facial expressions; your audience uses your facial expressions to augment meaning.
-Remember to use your voice.
-Don't expect perfection. Recover gracefully if there is a slip up.
-Don't equate public speaking to self worth. It's a learned skill and not inherent.
-Avoid being nervous about your nervousness.
-Don't try to memorize every word. It will increase stress.
-Avoid reading word for word.
-Become familiar with the venue; if possible, practice in it beforehand.
-Ask for accommodations - cup of water, podium, visual, etc.
-Don't script it. Prepare key points.
-Practice, Practice, Practice! Practice your speech before you give it.
-Get perspective. Watch yourself in a mirror, video tape, or say it for a friend. Learn about your nervous habits.