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Types of Business - Private/Public

Explains the different types of businesses, both private and public
by

Alison Taylor

on 10 February 2016

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Transcript of Types of Business - Private/Public

TYPES OF BUSINESS
Franchise
Public Sector
Private Sector
businesses provide us with goods and services
What type?
Different businesses have different advantages and disadvantages. The right type of business structure will depend on many factors and may change over time.
Make up 25% of businesses
Controlled by the government
Assests are owned by the people of the nation or state.
Aim is to provide goods or services to the community
Generally does not raise revenue or income.
make up 75% of all businesses
Assests and resources are owned by individuals, groups or other businesses
Original owners of the business sell the rights to their name, product and system of operation
The franchisor (original owner) recieves a certain percentage of the sales
E.g McDonalds
There are different types of business sectors
Examples include; Department of Education, Police Service,
Government Enterprise
Earns revenue by charging fees or making sales
E.g. Australia Post - owned by the government but charges for stamps etc.
Sole Trader
Business owned and operated by one person
Most common in Australia
Recieves all profit and suffers all losses
Typically owners of shops, cafes, newsagents or self-employed tradespeople such as plumbers.
Partnership
Usually owned and operated by between 2 - 20 people
Profits and losses are shared equally between the partners
Descions about operations are usually made together.
Often those with similar skills form partnerships e.g. doctors or solicitors
Private Company
Usually has fewer than 50 private owners
Small to medium sized businesses
Often family owned
Shares only offered to those the business wants as part owners
Must have the words Proprietary Limited (Pty Ltd) after it's name
Limited liability - shareholders only lose the money they have invested
Public Company
Unlimited number of shareholders
The general public may buy and sell shares in the company (done through the stock exchange)
Mostly large companies
Shareholders have limited liability
Must have limited (ltd) after the name
E.g. Woolworths, Billabong
Advantages
Owner gets to make all descisions about the running of the business
They get to keep all the profits
Cheap to set up
Disadvantages
Can be more difficult to obtain finance
Unlimited liability - sole traders personal assets can be sold off to pay for outstanding debts
Advantages
Greater access to resources and money
Workload shared between partners
Disadvantages
Unlimited liability
Possible disagreements between partners
Problems may occur if one partner wants to leave
(Proprietary)
Importance of small business in the Australian Economy
A small business is a non-manufacturing business with fewer than 20 employees or a manufacturing business that employs fewer than 200 employees.
Small businesses create jobs - almost half of Australians employed in the private sector, work for small businesses.
Full transcript