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Our Solar System

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Tessa Englander

on 20 October 2012

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Transcript of Our Solar System

Our Solar System The Sun http://www.gizmag.com/solar-wind music/14511/ http://www.universetoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/solar_system_ill.jpg Mercury http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1440&bih=766&tbm=isch&tbnid=1zPokRYrHow2BM:&imgrefurl=http://superconcepts.blogspot.com/2012/05/ethical-implications-of-dismantling.html&docid=EurPEiQ4Qni6uM&imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/--sDxl_8n4o0/T8dUZsxBfQI/AAAAAAAAAVo/qO_wZSchVGw/s1600/Mercury.jpg&w=800&h=800&ei=RAx3UJbgIZCE0QHPi4GoCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=185&vpy=133&dur=409&hovh=225&hovw=225&tx=140&ty=132&sig=113709766454473424003&page=1&tbnh=132&tbnw=155&start=0&ndsp=29&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:70 The period of rotation for Mercury is 58.65 Earth days. The period of revolution is about 88 Earth days. The AU of Mercury is .39. Mercury is 46 million kilometers from the sun. Mercury does not have any natural satellites.Mercury was named after the messenger god, Hermes. If you were on Mercury you wouldn't weigh as much as you do on Earth. If you weighed 70 pounds on Earth, you would only weigh about 27 pounds on Mercury. Mercury is only a little big bigger than the Earths' moon. Temperatures on Mercury could be 800 one day and -300 the next. Venus http://www.universetoday.com/14131/pictures-of-planet-venus/ The period rotation of Venus is 243 Earth days. The Period revolution is 224 Earth days. Venus is about 108,000,000 km (0.72 AU from the sun. Venus has no natural satellites. Venus' atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide. Venus has a lot of volcanos on it's surface. (probably because it is so close to the sun.) One day on Venus is like 100 Earth days. EARTH The Earths revolution is 23 hours 56 minutes. The Earths rotation is 365 days. The distance from the Earth to the Sun is about 105,000,000 million kilometers and about 1 AU (astronomical unit). The Earth has one moon. The Earth is moving around the sun at about 67,000 miles (107,826 km) per hour. More than 80% of the Earth’s surface is volcanic. The Sun is 333,000 times as large as our earth. By: Tessa Englander MARS Mars’ period of rotation is 24 hours. 39 minutes. The period of revolution is 686.9 earth days. It has two natural satellites, Phobos, and Deimos. Mars is 227,940,000 km (1.52 AU) away from the sun. Mars was named after the Roman God of war, (probably because the redness of the planet symbolizes blood. The average temperature of Mars is about -80 degrees Fahrenheit. The atmosphere of Mars is about 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, and 1.6% argon. There can sometimes be giant dust storms that get into the atmosphere. If you weighed 120 pounds on Earth, you would weigh approximately 45.2 pounds on Mars. http://www.space.com/47-mars-the-red-planet-fourth-planet-from-the-sun.html http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/List_of_references_to_Earth_in_Star_Wars Hubble Spacecraft http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3f/HST-SM4.jpeg/300px-HST-SM4.jpeg Jupiter Jupiter’s Revolution period is 11.86 Earth years and the Rotation Period is .41 Earth days, so about 9.8 hours. Jupiter has 67 known moons. The four largest ones are Europa. Callisto, Ganymede, and lo. Jupiter’s distance from the sun is 778,412,010 km or 5.20 astronomical units. If you were 120 Pounds, you would be 283.6 pounds on Jupiter. Jupiter was named after the Greek Zues (King of all Gods, ruler of Olympus). After the Sun, Earths’ moon, and Venus, Jupiter is the brightest object In the sky. Scientists have been observing The Great Red Spot (GRS) for over 300 years. It is big enough to hold two Earths. Saturn https://planetariumweb.madison.k12.wi.us/planets-true.htm Cassini Spacecraft http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/323615/enlarge The Revolution period of Saturn is 29.46 Earth years and the Rotation period is 0.44 Earth days (10.2 Earth hours). Saturn’s distance from the sun is 1,426,725,400 km or 9.54 astronomical units. Saturn has 60 Natural Satellites but only 52 have been named. Titan is the largest. If you weighed 120 pounds on Earth, on Saturn you would weigh about 127. Winds in the upper atmosphere can reach up to 500 meters per second. Saturn was named after the God of agriculture. The sun is the basis of the solar system and the thing that sustains life on Earth.
The sun could have formed from a cloud of gas that collapsed from an earlier supernova.
Sun's interior could hold over 1.3 million Earths.
The sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system. At the Sun's core, the temperature is about about 27 million degrees Fahrenheit.
Someone who weighed 150 pounds on Earth, would weigh 4,200 pounds on the sun. Uranus Uranus is 2,870,972,200 km or 19.19 astronomical units away from the sunThe Revolution period of Uranus is 29.46 Earth years and the Rotation period is 0.44 Earth days (10.2 Earth hours). Uranus has 27 moons. If you weighed 120 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 106.6 pounds on Uranus. Uranus is one of the four Gas Giants. Uranus is the coldest planet in the solar system. Neptune Neptune’s Distance from the Sun is 4,498,252,900 km or 30.07 astronomical units.The Revolution period is 163.72 Earth years The Rotation period is 0.67 Earth days (19.1 Earth hours) Neptune has 8 moons: Naiad, Thalassa, Despina, Galatea, Larissa, Proteus, Triton, and Nereid. The Diameter of Neptune is 55,528 km (34,503.5 miles). If you weighed 120 pounds on Earth, then you would weigh 135 pounds on Neptune. Neptune has six rings which circle the planet. http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&biw=1440&bih=809&tbm=isch&tbnid=fUbr-dAbT8sIbM:&imgrefurl=http://www.redorbit.com/education/reference_library/space_1/solar_system/2574576/kuiper_belt/&docid=QFonMftnZ9f62M&imgurl=http://www.redorbit.com/media/uploads/2004/10/4_6800f2092e75e4b2d9813609957b23e52.jpg&w=1000&h=653&ei=k46BUIrnLM6I0QGC1oCYCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=468&vpy=310&dur=589&hovh=181&hovw=278&tx=147&ty=99&sig=111473564408477911837&page=1&tbnh=145&tbnw=220&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0,i:91 Kuiper Belt Asteroid Belt The Asteroid belt is a belt made of rocks that can range from the size of a giant rock, to size of a pea. Asteroid belts are pretty much "left over" or "extra" materials that came from the formation of the solar system. Some interesting facts about the Asteroid Belt, are that they are very difficult to take a pictures of. Since they are usually formed with carbon, they absorb light, therefore making the satellites or telescopes almost impossible to take a picture of. It was said that a Kuiper Belt was formed from a debris of material left over from the formation that might orbit the Sun beyond Neptune. The Kuiper Belt is "a disk-shaped region of minor planets outside the orbit of Neptune."
-Kuiper Belt Objects are very dark, because they only reflect about 3% to 10% of the light that falls on them.
- Kuiper Belts have a wide range of surface colors, from gray to a red color.
-There is some evidence for water ice and different exotic ices on Kuiper Belts. Halley's Comet http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&hs=llg&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=1920&bih=892&tbm=isch&tbnid=CTsWmnuZAFNlaM:&imgrefurl=http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm%3Ffobjectid%3D31876&docid=ISAZzA_3tJ2ChM&imgurl=http://sci.esa.int/science-e-media/img/84/Halley400.jpg&w=400&h=238&ei=adCBUKrJOo600QG_soG4AQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1590&vpy=193&dur=1305&hovh=173&hovw=291&tx=202&ty=107&sig=103046432892274369804&page=1&tbnh=128&tbnw=212&start=0&ndsp=43&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:161 http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/comets/halley.html Scientists think the Halley's Comet was formed by left over debris from the formation of the solar system, coming from objects like the Sun and different planets. Halley's Comet is a" periodical comet with an orbital period of about 76 years"
-The glow that you can see around Halley’s Comet is known as a coma. It happens when the comet gets close enough to the Sun and compounds like carbon dioxide and frozen water changes from a solid to gas.
-Comet Halley is known as a "periodic comet" (a.k.a. a short term comet). It is called that because the time it takes to orbit the Sun is less than 200 years.
-This Comet is made out of ice, dust and small rocky particles. Hale-Bopp http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=1920&bih=892&tbm=isch&tbnid=1dBdBvvu0emj0M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comet_Hale%25E2%2580%2593Bopp&docid=z_fDp1W1q_bzEM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Comet_Hale-Bopp_1995O1.jpg/200px-Comet_Hale-Bopp_1995O1.jpg&w=200&h=200&ei=_dWBUPffOuf50gGw6IC4DA&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=408&sig=103046432892274369804&page=1&tbnh=143&tbnw=145&start=0&ndsp=41&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:71&tx=55&ty=80 The Comet, Hale-Bopp was definitely the most widely observed comet of the twentieth century, and also one of the brightests that people saw for almost a decade. The Hale-Bopp was also formed from debris and left over rocky items.
-Hale-Bopp has a very large nucleus.
-Hale-Bopp is about as old as the sun (4.5 billion years)
-Hale-Bopp is located the outer solar system — Oort Cloud http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&hs=i52&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=1920&bih=892&tbm=isch&tbnid=pjfYm6zpmcNKhM:&imgrefurl=http://www.spacetoday.org/Satellites/YugoWarSats.html&docid=oMNKUHmOst8gwM&imgurl=http://www.spacetoday.org/images/Sats/MilSats/DSCS_SatInSpaceLockheedMartin.jpg&w=398&h=315&ei=RemBUP-fJIWz0QGq1YGwCg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=715&vpy=189&dur=2252&hovh=200&hovw=252&tx=156&ty=94&sig=103046432892274369804&page=1&tbnh=147&tbnw=184&start=0&ndsp=45&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:146 Google Earth Satellite http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&hs=4pN&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=1920&bih=892&tbm=isch&tbnid=LOy5nqvfzkzx4M:&imgrefurl=http://www.gearthblog.com/blog/archives/2007/09/new_google_earth_satellite_launchin.html&docid=sF5QyptxCRlz_M&imgurl=http://www.gearthblog.com/images/images907/worldview.jpg&w=394&h=277&ei=eeqBUMitKqqp0AG4vIEI&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=759&vpy=340&dur=2630&hovh=188&hovw=268&tx=160&ty=105&sig=103046432892274369804&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=202&start=0&ndsp=43&ved=1t:429,r:12,s:0,i:147 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/images/content/175523main_jupiter-flyby-03hires.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/multimedia/images/2007/jupiterflyby.html&h=2025&w=3000&sz=989&tbnid=SnENzYkPjk1B_M:&tbnh=90&tbnw=133&zoom=1&usg=__XvwUIkyEJcgGExN3viQp9QjMkeY=&docid=BHd4qQVhsVHJ7M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=meuBUIKCDKiy0AGL-YGoBw&ved=0CFwQ9QEwBQ&dur=2038 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=1920&bih=892&tbm=isch&tbnid=XQ0giDsns3n02M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus&docid=vhbEahfSkv7-UM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3d/Uranus2.jpg/240px-Uranus2.jpg&w=240&h=240&ei=uOyBUMDpBsfo0gGqmICQCQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=301&sig=103046432892274369804&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=130&start=0&ndsp=50&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:137&tx=86&ty=75 The Voyager 2 http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-PsxA3Ka7wgQ/UDL1uiuys2I/AAAAAAAAB4I/wnvRFQTWzbo/s1600/Voyager+2+deep+space+NASA.jpg http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Neptune.jpg/240px-Neptune.jpg&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neptune&h=162&w=165&sz=2&tbnid=C2Icfs5wgMpYpM&tbnh=0&tbnw=0&zoom=1&usg=__2Md2C5MjmGJVBJPxZwUOA9UrzdA=&docid=U78zpyot1bSegM&sa=X&ei=r-6BUOR-pvXSAZjHgZAF&ved=0CHgQ1Rc
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