Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
types of party systems
Transcript of types of party systems
one party system
2 major parties compete for control
minor parties exist, but don't dominate
least common party system in the world
ex: USA, india, jamaica
several parties compete
represent a wide range of ideologies
pluralist form of government
ex: france, italy, germany, australia
why do we have a
2 party system?
1 party has total control
ex: china, north korea, iran
2 party system
had since 1800
parties have established
"laws" and traditions
hard for 3rd party to become a force
Democrat and Republican names automatically on ballots
minor parties must petition
in each state
SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICTS
only 1 candidate elected to each office
candidate with most votes WINS
- plurality: most # votes wins
- majority: more than 1/2 wins
- winner-take-all in Electoral College
CORE POLITICAL BELIEFS
beliefs match R and D:
freedom, political equality, individualism, equal protection
Most Americans are Moderates --
don't stick to 1 party or ideology
HISTORY OF 2 PARTY SYSTEM
Not all Americans identify with one of these 2 parties - so, some people create THIRD (or Minor) PARTIES
increased partisanship in office
(more party, less issue)
less compromise (2/3 hard to get)
public frustration and distrust
more ppl are independent
3rd parties emerge
Types of Minor parties:
Single Issue - focus on 1 issue
Ideological - social, political,
or economic beliefs
Candidate centered -
focus on person
Main role of 3rd parties:
bring issues to attention of elected offficials
make Republicans and Democrats talk about other issues
Show discontent with other parties
without the Populist party the income tax and direct election of senators amendments wouldn't have been proposed!
How are 3rd parties limited?
Ballots - petition to get on ballot in every state
But, they can serve as "spoilers" in a close election! - it can pull votes from major parties.
What is happening today?!
party realignment/critical election
Stances on the Issues:
Electoral College - Winner-take-all = don't get credit
for votes unless majority
Single member districts - 1 person chosen for each
Presidential debate/media - minor party candidates not at debate, get less media attention.
dealignment: no party dominates (divided government)
independent voters - less people identify with a party
split ticket - candidate centered, not party
campaigning - candidates have to campaign more
evolving parties - parties have to be less polarized and adapt platform to please the electorate