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types of party systems

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michelle ashmore

on 20 January 2018

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Transcript of types of party systems

Types of party systems
one party system
2 major parties compete for control

minor parties exist, but don't dominate

least common party system in the world

ex: USA, india, jamaica
several parties compete

represent a wide range of ideologies

pluralist form of government

ex: france, italy, germany, australia
why do we have a
2 party system?
1 party has total control

ex: china, north korea, iran
2 party system
multi-party system
had since 1800

parties have established
"laws" and traditions

hard for 3rd party to become a force
Democrat and Republican names automatically on ballots

minor parties must petition
in each state
only 1 candidate elected to each office

candidate with most votes WINS
- plurality: most # votes wins
- majority: more than 1/2 wins
- winner-take-all in Electoral College
beliefs match R and D:
freedom, political equality, individualism, equal protection

Most Americans are Moderates --
don't stick to 1 party or ideology
Not all Americans identify with one of these 2 parties - so, some people create THIRD (or Minor) PARTIES

increased partisanship in office
(more party, less issue)

less compromise (2/3 hard to get)


public frustration and distrust

more ppl are independent

3rd parties emerge
Consequences of
divided government
Types of Minor parties:

Single Issue - focus on 1 issue

Ideological - social, political,
or economic beliefs

Candidate centered -
focus on person
Main role of 3rd parties:

bring issues to attention of elected offficials

make Republicans and Democrats talk about other issues

Show discontent with other parties
without the Populist party the income tax and direct election of senators amendments wouldn't have been proposed!
How are 3rd parties limited?
Ballots - petition to get on ballot in every state
But, they can serve as "spoilers" in a close election! - it can pull votes from major parties.
What is happening today?!
party realignment/critical election
Stances on the Issues:
Electoral College - Winner-take-all = don't get credit
for votes unless majority
Single member districts - 1 person chosen for each
Presidential debate/media - minor party candidates not at debate, get less media attention.
dealignment: no party dominates (divided government)
independent voters - less people identify with a party
split ticket - candidate centered, not party
campaigning - candidates have to campaign more
evolving parties - parties have to be less polarized and adapt platform to please the electorate
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