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Actors in International Relations

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Kimone Stewart

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Actors in International Relations


Actors in International Relations



Types of Actors
State (South Africa, Cuba, Sweden etc)


Non - State (NGO's, MNC etc.)
Final Destination
Non- State Actors
What do you mean by "actors" in International Relations?

Is Usain Bolt an actor?



Is Caricom an actor?


Is an international terrorist an actor?


Definition of "actors" in International Relations
"Anyone who participate in International Relations."
State Actors
The state is “a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.”
Max Weber, 1919

What important actors might there be and what us the value of studying actors?
The basic 4 characteristic of a state
population
government
sovereignty
territory
Theories that consider the state as the principle actor in International Relations
The Liberist
The Realist
Decision state actors make in International Relations
Decide to go to war
Erect Trade Barriers
Decide whether and what level to estasblish environmental standards
the environment
climate changes
immigration services
States enter internation agreements, such as:
whom to export to
They can have suffiecient power to influence and cause a change even though they do not belong to any established institution of a state
Theories that consider the non - state as an actor in IR
Constructivists
Structuralist
Type of Non - State Actors
Substate Actors

International Government Organization (IGOs)

International Non-Government Organizations (INGOs)

Multinational Co-operaton (MNCs)
Nonstate actors exercise significant economic, political, or social power and
influence at a national, and in some cases international, level. There is no consensus on the members of this
category, and some definitions include trade unions, community organizations, religious institutions, ethnic
groupings, and universities
Main Type of Non-state Actors
Substate Actors
Groups within a state that influence the state foreign policy.

Eg. Turkish consumers who
boycotted Italian products when Italy gave temporary shelter to PKK leader, Ooalan
Multi-national Cooperations (MNC)
"international actors who operates across borders"

"A MNC is a company in several countries, usually defined as one that has 25% or more of its output capapcity located outside the country of its origin"~ Reseach Machine (2004)
Non Government Organizations


A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest.

NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, such as:
Bring citizen concerns to Governments
Advocate and monitor policies
Encourage political particpation through provision of information.
Inter-Government Organization Actors (IGO's)
They are not usually state but rather organizations with membership composed of various nations.

Eg. United Nations (UN)
NATO
OPEC
Examples of Sub-state actors
Ethnic Groups
Diaspora organization (gov't)
Terroist (Al Qaedo)
Examples of MNC's
IBM
Pepsi
google
Examples of NGOs
Greenpeace
Red Cross
Vatican
Full transcript