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Olivia R

on 24 November 2013

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Transcript of Farming

Farming in the 1800's-
Farming in our present day and Changes-
-In the present day, the use of technology in farming is big.
-Examples include the use of airplanes for crop dusting , milking machines, computers, modern tractors (a multi-purpose gas powered machine used in many different ways in Midwest farming).
More changes-
There has been alot of Changes in farming since the early 1800s and the present day. And example is 90% of of Americans lived and worked on farms in the early 1800s, then by the early 1900s that number had dropped to 40%. Today, only 2% of Americans live and work on farms.
What is Farming?
Farming is the activity of growing crops and raising livestock. Farming was the key development in the rise of human civilization. The major farming products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials.

Farming in the 1900's-
-Farming in the Midwest became more effiecient by the early 1900s.
-One major development is the use of horse-drawn tools like the Combine.
-Above all other technological developments in farming was the invention of the steel plow.
- Another important tool that defined this period in Midwest farming was the reaper, a device that could cut grain better than the scythe.
Where do we Farm?
Farming is always done on farms as there are big areas to do different things (Eg. Growing Crops, Looking after Animals, Making food, Gardening etc.)
-Life on Farms in the 1800's wasn't as simple as it is today. Farming tools were mostly iron and simple. The tools were hand held. Some of the tools included a Scythe , a Cultivator and a tool called a Flail

-Injuries were common when farming with these tools. But it was a good thing for the injuries that the soil was rich and full of nutrients.

-Midwest farmers would live in house made out of a mixture of dirt, mud and grass roots. They called these houses soddies.
Farming in the Middle Ages-
-Farming in the Middle ages was pretty rough and clumsy.
-They tools were very simple, basic thing or they would do it by hand.
-They didn't have fertilizers to fertalize the soil or any basic things like we do these days.
-Farming was manly done by peasents and slaves too back then.
-They also introduced feudalism which meant the lord, his family, his servants, and his retainers were supported by the income from landed property.
What Farming could be like in the Future.
We don't know what farming could be like in 40 years time. But it would probably be like all robotic and comuterized. Maybe Driverless tractors or Weed-zapping robots.
Terms and Meanings-
How does Farming link to Food Production & Environment?
There is many different ways that Farming link to Food Production and Environment.

Food Production- Because when your farming you grow crops (which are normally vegtables etc.) In other words when your farming you can be producing food in the garden at the same time.
Environment- As well as growing things when farming you can be fixing up the gardens around you and making them healthier, which is good for the environment.

Who Farms?
Farmers are the people who generally farm. They usually own the land and do most of the work. Alot farmers are grown up on farms and farming has been through generations of their family.
When do we Farm?
Farmer's generally farm 7 days a week. There is always someone farming in the world. If farmers don't farm everyday it will be atleast every few days if they make/produce their own food. If there aren't farmers farming we wouldn't have some of our food that we have these days (Eg. Milk, Cheese, Meat etc.)
How do we Farm?
Farmers farm in many ways. They use different tools (Will be explained later in the Presentation). They use different methods, places etc to farm. For example when growing grops they use seeds in rows. When getting milk etc they have cows in a paddock for instance. So when you are farming there are many ways for farming.
Farming in these Days.
Farming in the Future.
Farming in the Middle Ages.
Middle Ages Farming.
Farming in the Future.
- http://www.thefreedictionary.com/
- http://historylink101.com/lessons/farm-city/story-of-farming.htm
- http://www.lordsandladies.org/farming-middle-ages.htm
- http://arago.si.edu/index.asp?con=4&cmd=2&eid=445&slide=2
- Google
- Google Images
- And a few more.

Fertiliser: Materials, including Manure and Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium Compounds, spread on or worked into soil to increase its capacity to support plants growth.
Crops: Cultivated plants or Agricultural produce, such as Grain, Vegetables, or Fruit. Livestock: Domestic Animals, such as Cattle or Horses, raised for home use or for profit, especially on a Farm.
Gardening: Working on Gardens and Growing Plants, Crops etc.
Paddock: A fenced area/enclosure, usually near a stable. For animals to run around in.
Scythe: A sharp blade that was curved with a pole at the end. It was used to harvest grain.
A cultivator: A horse-drawn plow which had 6 blades that digs furrows where seeds can be planted.
Flail: Which is a tool to separate the seeds from other particles of a grain.
Combine: A tool that can cut and thresh a field of grain at the same time.
The Steel Plow: Sharper blades that cut through the thick roots that were found throughout the Midwest.

Terms and Meanings-
Feudalism: A political and economic system of Europe from the 9th to about the 15th century, based on the holding of all land in fief or fee and the resulting relation of lord to vassal and characterized by homage, legal and military service of tenants, and forfeiture.
Retainers: Retains things.
Crop dusting: To spray fertilizer and pesticides on plants.
Milking machines: An automated device that is used to milk cows faster than by hand.
Computers: Used to plan harvesting certain crops and to control other equipment.
Modern tractors: A multi-purpose gas powered machine used in many different ways in Midwest farming.
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