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English Across Time
Transcript of English Across Time
English Across Time
Beowulf is an infamous extensive poem written in Old English. Before the Norman Conquest, this was the common tongue in Anglo-Saxon England. With over 3,000 lines, it is a classic tale of the exultation of good over evil. The unknown author divided his work into three parts, each part resembling a different central conflict. It is a story of what was supernatural in around 700 A.D, about a hero named Beowulf who has the strength of 30 men in each arm.
THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE
The Anglo-Saxon is a collection of seven surviving manuscripts assembled in 871-899 A.D whilst King Alfred was reigning. It chronologically accounts the history and events during the settlement of the Anglo-Saxons in Britain. In the late 9th century, the first original manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was created. After the original, written during the reign of Alfred the Great, multiple copies were composed, however were distributed to cloisters throughout England. They were then updated individually. A very limited number of copies are remaining, either fully or partially.
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
William the Conqueror was knighted still in his teens, and was promised the succession of his place on the English throne. Alongside his Normans, he invaded England and brought with him the language of Norman French. Progressively, Norman French made its way to becoming the language of the government, court, and upper class for the proceeding three centuries. The lower working class people however still communicated in English, and the church continued to use Latin. More than 10,000 French words weaved into English, specifically associated with law, art, literature, food and architecture. Over time, English began to downgrade as grammar simplified. This initiated the change from Old English to Middle English.
THE NORMAN CONQUEST
THE DOMESDAY BOOK
The Domesday Book (Doomsday Book) is an immense survey authorised by William the Conqueror from 1086. Recorded by hand within a couple of colossal books, the information collected was used to assess the degree and breadth of the land and resources possessed within England. It provided extensive records of how much land is owned by each citizen, how many people within one land, the number of woodland, meadow, animals, fish etc. The purpose of the Domesday Book was to analyse the amount of tax William should charge his people. Before it was complete, William past away after a year of the initiation of the data.
THE MAGNA CARTA
The Magna Carta, Latin for 'The Great Charter', is one of the most influential and relevant documents ever written. It was issued by King John of England, and its purpose was to subject every citizen of his to the law. However, the King's practical solution was deleted or substantially rewritten within the following ten years. Majority of the clauses have been abolished, yet the Magna Carta still is one of the most vital pieces of information for the British constitution. Being a 8 centuries since its creation in 1215, the Magna Carta still plays a major role in today's society, through democracy, the Commonwealth, war on terrorism, universal suffrage, human rights, net neutrality and popular culture.
Geoffrey Chaucer was given the title as the Father of English literature due to his impact on the history of English. His fame achieved as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer, all make him one of the most well known men during the Middle Ages. Among his other work, his most famous and influential were The Book of the Duchess, the House of Fame, the Legend of Good Women and Troilus and Criseyde, and The Canterbury Tales.
The Canterbury Tales was written during the period of the Hundred Years' War in the 14th century. It is a collection of over 20 stories written in Middle English. Mostly written in verse, the tales within the collection are part of a story telling challenge by some pilgrims who travel as a group from Southwark to the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket. Geoffrey himself was influenced by Dante Alighieri, Ovid and Giovanni Boccaccio, all of which inspired him to pursue the Canterbury Tales.
Geoffrey Chaucer was a crucial figure in the development of vernacular. Although the dominant literary languages in England during Middle English were French and Latin, Chaucer wrote his Canterbury Tales in Middle English, however copies were translated to French.
THE GREAT VOWEL SHIFT
THE FIRST ENGLISH BIBLE
FIRST ENGLISH DICTIONARY
KING JAMES BIBLE
EARLY MODERN ENGLISH
These are the symbols used in the poem. They each represent a different word and a combination of them would form a sentence. The pairing of two or more symbols to create a new word was frequent, with words like 'beadoleoma' meaning battle light and 'banhus' meaning bone house. These were also known as kennings. Kennings were very common in Beowulf.
William the Conqueror agreed take over the Anglo-Saxons by declaring battle against England. The incentive of wealth and officially being crowned king was motivating him to do so. Alongside him were his men, and together they sailed in a number of small boats across the English Channel. The battle is known as 'The Battle of Hastings', and William and his men overpowered and defeated the Anglo-Saxons. Harold, the Anglo- Saxon King, died a horrible death by being shot in the eye with an arrow. William's work had got him where he wanted to be. Soon, he became the King of England.
The Battle of Hastings- William the Conqueror against King Harold of the Anglo-Saxons
The Domesday Book is written in Medieval Latin.
The Magna Carta was originally written in Latin.
Geoffrey Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales.