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Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

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Olga Myronova

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

Budapest San Francisco Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Target: Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Afghanistan Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Myanmar Cambodia Solomon Islands Yemen Somalia Ethiopia Sudan Comoros Madagascar Zambia Angola CAR Togo Liberia Sierra Leone Guinea Mauritania Niger Chad Haiti Kiribati Samoa Ukraine

These are: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen and Zambia. 48 countries are currently designated by the United Nations as “least developed countries” (LDCs). The following 3 criteria were used to identify LDCs: (a) A per capita income, based on a 3-year average estimate of the gross national income (GNI), $1,190 is a sum for graduation from LDC status; Ethiopia $100
Somalia $112
Congo $237
Ukraine $3657
Leichtenstein $170 373 (b) The Human Assets Index based on: Place from 177 countries by HAIndex:
Niger 177
Sierra Leone 176
Burkina Faso 175
Mali 174
Chad 173 800 million of people are malnourished 2. health (% of child mortality); 10.5 million children UNDER five years of age die every year 3. school (% of secondary school enrolment ); 115 million of children are NOT enrolled in school 4. literacy (% of adult literacy) 64% of illiterate people are women 1. nutrition (% of undernourished); (c) An economic criteria index
(the Economic Vulnerability Index) based on: LESS than 0.2% of manufactured exports and
LESS than 0.01% of world’s high-technology products 1. # of population suffered from natural disasters; 2. concentration of exports of goods and services; 3. share of agriculture, forestry and fisheries in GDP; 4. population size (no more than 75 million people) 5. remoteness (index of remoteness) 78% of the population lives in informal settlements 53% Liberia 9,8% Ukraine 1,2% USA January 12, 2010, earthquake took 300,000 lives in Haiti and left 1.5 million people homeless 832.33 million : total population 2012
1.04 billion : projected population 2020 There are several countries that have already GRADUATED from the LDCs list Botswana




in 1994 Cape Verde



in 2007 Maldives



in 2011
is scheduled to graduate
in 2014 Uganda Samoa How
United Nations Organization Goes to its target? 1. Tariff and quota free access for the exports 2. Programme of DEBT relief
and cancellation of official bilateral debt 3. More generous ODA
(Official Development Assistance)
for countries committed to poverty minimization On January 2012,
25 out of the 32 countries
that had reached
the completion point of the debt
of World Bank
were
LDCs. The share of LDC exports in global exports
more than DOUBLED over the course
owing to the
oil exports,
exports of metals
and clothes On June 2012,
$346 million have been approved
for projects and enabling activities On June 15, 2012,
$537 million had been added
to the LDCFund Over 7000 volunteers work under the different projects International Trade Center
works with LDCs on a number of different programs in order to enhance the role of trade in development Laos Programme for building
African Capacity for Trade Ethical Fashion programme All ACP Agricultural Commodities Programme
(AAACP) Intra-regional
“South-South” Trade programme Together with EU Together with World Bank Together with Canadian International Development Agency Enhanced Integrated Framework
Programme




TOURISM-LED
POVERTY REDUCTION
PROGRAMME
(TPRP)
There is one more project ... That is very close to the interests of
my university group... The project is aimed to
Reduce Poverty
through
Inclusive Tourism
However statistics says that 60-75% of income
leak away as a result of:

In 2002 tourism receipts in LDCs were
over US$ 200 billion here is a means of tourism development that unites different actors in the tourism industry, forms partnerships with private sector, stimulates the local economy and promotes the integration of women and active involvement of local communities. Inclusive Tourism • Foreign Ownership

• Choice of importing rather than local

• Belief in local inability to cope with
international hotel chain requirements The Tourism value chain of the project includes:
• Accommodation

• Food

• Excursions

• Handicraft (touroperators, transports, communities) Tanzania
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