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The History Of Sound Film (Take 2)
Transcript of The History Of Sound Film (Take 2)
By: Meg Beane-Fox http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ug00/3on1/movies/talkies.html http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Talkie http://www.fact-index.com/s/so/sound_film.html Talkies..... A New Generation Of Flim! By: Meg Beane-Fox Before the 1920's films were silent and had no dialouge. Instead, theatre owners hired live performers to accompany the movie. Like These Guys :) However, everything changed in 1926, when Warner Brothers Pictures, with the help of the Western Electric Company, introduced a new sound-on-disc system. This invention was a special type of phonograph that allowed a movie's soundtrack to be pre-recorded on a wax record, that would later be synchronized with the video projector. "Don Juan," a movie directed by Alan Crosland, was the first movie to utilize this new system. It stared Jane Winton, John Roche and Warner Oland and follows Don Juan de Marana as he grows accostomed to his new life in Rome and battles for the love of a local woman. "Don Juan" became a box office hit, however,producers thought that talking movie technology would never replace silent movies. They saw the talking movie generation as "a fad." "The Jazz Singer!" However, that opinion died with the creation of the first official talkie (a movie that includes pre-recoded dialouge). The movie was directed by Alan Crosland, stared actor, singer and comedian Al Jolson and was entitled... "The Jazz Singer" was based off of a Broadway play of the same name, written by Samson Raphaelson. The movie tells the stoy of a young Jewish boy who attempts to become a Broadway star. "The Jazz Singer" brought in a profit of 3.5 million dollars and started Warner Brother's reputation as the leading film studio in Hollywood. A year after the film's release, Hollywood recognized it's importance in film history by honoring the movie with a special Academy Award. The introduction of talking pictures provided several great changes to not only the movie industry, but the outside world as well. 1.) Starting with the generation of talkies, going to the movies became more of a staple in the lives of Americans, and less of a novelty. 2.)The introduction of sound film altered the behavior of movie patrons. Previously, it had been considered decent to critique or talk while the movie was playing. However, as talkies became more popularized, it became indecent to talk during a movie, since people would have to struggle to hear the dialouge on screen. 3.)During the silent film era, many middle-class Americans would campaign for the censorship of certain films. This tradition died with talkies because it became harder to tamper with the new version of film disks and because civil libertarians became more ready to declare that films were protected by the First Amendment 4.) Other industries began to collaborate with the fim industry...some evven set up life-long partnerships! 5.) Actors and actresses had to adapt themselves to a new form of movie-making. They had to learn how to speak and enunciate for film, how to work with body mics and how to lessen the exaggerated movements they had been used to using on silent film. Other famous "talkies" included... "The Love Parade"-1929 "applause"-1929 "The Broadway Melody"-1929 "The Show Of Shows"-1929 "Halleluja"-1929 In short, no other technological advancement shaped the 1920's more than... Bibliography
1.) Talking Motion Pictures. The University of Virginia. Web. February 2011
2.) Campbell, Donna. Brief Timeline of american Literature, Music, and Movies: 1920's. Washington State University. Web. Februray 2011
3.) Dirks, Tim. The History of Film The 1920's: The Pre-Talkies and the Silent Era. AMC Television Network. Web. February 2011.
4.) Cartoons Wallpaper: Snoopy Playing Piano. Myfreewallpapers.net. Web. February 2011.
5.) The Jazz Singer. Youtube.com. Web. February 2011