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English Syntax

English Syntax
by

Jimer Perez

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of English Syntax

Grammar as a description of syntactic structure Grammar as prescription for how to use structure and words. Grammar as rhetorically effective use of syntactic structures This include a syntactic component along with knowledge of phonology, semantics, morphology and pragmatics Identify in a sentence the noun, pronoun, adjective or adverb helps the student to have a clear understanding of sentence structure. English Syntax FOUR VIEWS OF GRAMMAR Grammar as a description of syntactic structure Grammar as prescription for how to use structure and words Grammar as rhetorically effective use of syntactic structures Grammar as the functional command of sentence structure that enables us to comprehend and produce language Grammar as the functional command of sentence structure that enables us to comprehend and produce language Question Rule There are different ways that a linguist might try to discover the rule for forming questions from statements Teachers can develop creative linguistics lessons 1 2 3 4 5 6 The first attempt on the rule might look like this to change a statement into a question, move word 2 to the front of the sentence Phrases Structure Rules Grammar and Acceptability Complex and Compound Sentence Verb Phrases S - NP- AUX-VP Noun Phrases NP - (DET) -(Q)-(ADJP) - N - (PP) Adjective Phrase ADJP - (INT) - ADJ INT = is an optional element Complex Sentences English Syntax Sentence Combining Lexico -syntax Syntax and second language teaching ALM Content - Based Language Teaching Verb Phrases The third constituent in an English sentence is the verb phrase. The rule describing the verb is VP = V -(NP) - (PP) - (ADVP) Grammar and Acceptability Linguist use people judgement of what sounds right to describe syntactic structure Complex and compound Sentence The presiding sentence describe the structure of simple sentences in English Complex Sentences Consist of main clauses and one or more subordinate clauses English Syntax Adverb clause like a adverbs are placed in the verb phrase Sentence Combining Beginning writers often unite simple sentence at first Lexico - Syntax Part of knowing a word is knowing how the word functions in a sentence Syntax and second language teaching Teaching language have been based on contrastive analysis of the native language ALM is one way to teach a second/foreign language Content- Based language teaching Current methods of teaching english learners are based on an acquisition model of language development
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