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Built environment

Spontaneous play
by

alberto ferrari

on 23 February 2013

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Transcript of Built environment

Offers enjoyable activities Behavioural
changes The German Sport University, Cologne
The University of Southern Denmark, Odense
The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo
The University of Vienna Built environment and active vs. sedentary behaviour: what associations with children’s body composition, motor and cognitive development? Student
Alberto Ferrari Supervisor
Prof. Caterina Pesce European Master in Health and Physical Activity Decrease in physical activity (PA),
motor proficiency, coordination Increase in infantile
overweight and obesity Increase in sedentary behaviour
(screen time activity) Secular trends BENEFITS Emotional Cognitive Physical Social SPONTANEOUS PLAY Positive
impact
of outdoor
environment
on PA
behaviour Improve PA level
in young children Increase the repertoire
of motor skills
(“affordance”)
through free play Motor coordination skills:

Locomotor skills:
(running, jumping, galloping, hopping, sliding, leaping)

Object control skills:
(throwing, catching, dribbling, kicking, striking, rolling)


Cognitive executive functions
Set shifting
Working memory updating
Inhibition Motor and cognitive skills Obstacles Obstacles to Playing Outdoors External barriers Children’s life
more structured Parents’ lack of time Limited or
inadequate
outdoor play spaces Safety issues
(crime, traffic,
lack of adult
supervision) Health Transport Urban planning Education Sport To Promote Health Enhancing PA
Associations between children’s spontaneous play - outdoor built environment - family habits

If spontaneous outdoor play may enhance motor and cognitive development Research and Hypothesis Two main points: Methods Sample: 45 preschool children
Age : 5-6 years

Questionnaire to know children’s and parents’ body composition, lifestyle and factors influencing children’s spontaneous play

Motor developmental tests :
Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC)
Test of Gross-Motor Development (TGMD)

Cognitive tests:
Cognitive Assessment System (CAS)
Random Number Generation Task (RNG) Results (First part) Results (1) Results (Second part) Both BMI and family lifestyle habits are useful to identify children at risk of unhealthy weight gain

Children with parents’ high educational level spend less time doing sedentary activities and more time in active behaviour

Increasing the number of suitable and safe areas easily accessible has a positive influence on young children's PA habits Conclusion (1)

Motor skills. Green playground is connected with motor development. Environment’s variability broadens the repertoire of children’s motor abilities Conclusion (2)
Cross-cultural study.
Exploring meaningful relationships between children's
motor and cognitive abilities living in cities with
accessible equipment, with those living in cities where the equipment
is rare and less accessible.

Investigating into potential relevant factors such as socio-economic background, lifestyle, education Outlook for future research Cognitive skills. Children who spend much time playing freely and
do not practice sports have great inhibitory performances Thanks for your attention!!! improvement improvement
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