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Women in the Civil War

A presentation describing women and the roles they played in the Civil War.

Abby Luther

on 17 November 2013

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Transcript of Women in the Civil War

By Abby Luther
Women in the Civil War
Women in the Civil War
Women were never allowed to fight, but there were some jobs that they were eventually allowed to do.
Many people were discouraged from participating in the war, including women.
Women Nursing
Stanchak, John. Civil War. New York: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, Inc, 200.
Smith, Tonia. "Malinda Blalock" eHistory. 5 May., Web. 19 Dec 2012. http://www.ehistory.com/osu.edu/world/PeopleView.ofm?PID=92
Put in charge of women nurses for the Union
Volunteered one week after the war started
Known for the reforms in hospitals and Prisons
Dorothea Dix
Clara Barton
. "Civil War." Historynet. Weider History Group. Web. 19 Dec 2012. <http://www.historynet.com/civil-war>.
Hickman, Kennady. "American Civil War 101: An Overview." About. N.p.. Web. 19 Dec 2012. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/battleswars1800s/p/AmCivilWar.htm>.
Women and Spying
Louisa May Alcott
. "Elizabeth Cady Stanton." American Civil War. N.p.. Web. 19 Dec 2012. <http://americancivilwar.com/women/elizabeth_stanton.html>.
"Susan B. Anothiny." Gale. N.p.. Web. 19 Dec 2012. <http://www.gale.cengage.com/free_resources/whm/bio/anthony_s.htm>.
Levernson, Dorothy. The First Book of the Civil War. Revised Edition. New York, New York, USA: Franklin Watt, 1977. 42-48. Print
Golay, Michael. America at War: Civil War. updated edition. New York, New York, America: Facts on File, 1992. 1520161. Print
Ditchfirld, Christan. Clara Barton Founder of hte American Red Cross. 1st edition, USA: Scholastic Inc. Print
"Dorothea Lynde Dix." 2012. The History Channel website, 17 Dec 2012. http://www.history.com/topics/dorothea-lynde-dix
"Women in the Civil War." 2012 The History Channel website. 17 Dec 2012. http://www.history.com/topics/women-in-the-civil-war
Settelmeyer, Robert "Louisa May Alcott Goes To War." Historynet. Civil War Times. Web. 19 Dec 2012. http://www.historynet.com/louisa-may-alcott
"Pauline Cushman Union Spy" American Civil War. Web. 19 Dec 2012. http://www.americancivilwar.com/women/pauline_pushman.html
The Sanitary Commission was a Northern, private organization to help better the medical care of the soldiers who fought in the war (for the North)
Sanitary Commission
Some women in the civil war were unwilling to let the men do all of the fighting for them. Women on the Confederate and the Union side alike disguised themselves as men in order to fight for their side,
Women undercover
Women stayed home to take care of their home and families while the men were away
1. Nurse
2. Spy
3. Sanitary Commission
4. Raise $ for the troops
Women also were a part of the Abolitionist movement, and the civil rights movement
Some women also disguised themselves as soldiers to fight for the Union or the Confederacy.
Initially, there were no female nurses. Thinking that instead of the women taking care of the sick men, generals worried that the men would be taking care of the women.
Women like Clara Barton and Dorothea Dix showed that women could hold their own and could care for the wounded soldiers without compromising the soldiers.
In the North, The Sanitary Commission was formed to help take care of the health needs of the soldiers in the North.
Her "allure and beauty" was helpful getting information from sad, lonely army men.
Pauline Cushman

Abolitionists and Civil Rights
youtube( . )com/watch?v=WpGWqJ2ue3I
This video is a demonstration of how amputations were preformed during the civil war... minus the blood and guts.
Volunteered as a nurse early in the war
After a month, caught typhoid pneumonia.
Was brought home by her family and was sick for a while.
While she was working in the hospitals, Louisa kept a journal and wrote sketches that she sent to her family
One of the first to document hospital life.
Louisa's book based off of her time as a nurse.
Some of her requirements for nurses were not based on skills
Picture of Ms. Dix
Often Clashed with military Officers over views
Founder of the American Red Cross
Previous to the War, worked in the Patent Office
When the Sixth Mass Regiment was attacked in Baltimore, Barton was one of the first to respond
Began to receive supplies from families and concerned citizens to distribute to the troops
Went out into the field to administer care to wounded soldiers and to show that no one would need to take care of her.
When Dorothea Dix invited her to join the Department of Women Nurses, she declined, preferring to work on her own.
after the was, helped found the American Red Cross.
Each side had it's camp followers of women who cooked, laundered, and entertained the soldiers. Some women from the Union and some from the confederacy used this to their advantage to gain information for their side.
Pauline Cushman was an actress in the Lousiville playhouse
In one play, she was dared to toast Jefferson Davis in a play. Which she did, after gaining permission.
Perceived as a Southern Sympathizer.
Was discovered and sentenced to hang...
Paulien Cushman!
When her husband signed up for the draft, Malinda signed her name as "Sammy", Keith's younger brother. They signed under the confederate banner, but were really pro-Union. In a gunfight, Malinda was shot in the shoulder. Her husband then ensured his (honorable) discharge so he could leave. Malinda had to reveal her identity to be discharged from the Confederate Army. After this, Keith signed up to be a recruiter for the Union Army.
Malinda Blalock
Malinda Blalock
Provided supplies
Pushed for cleaner camps
ran convalescent homes
Technically was headed by men, but women did much of the work.
women raised money with

a. cake sales
b. carnivals
c. other
first experience with widespread charity for many women
Women still neither had suffrage nor many of the other rights every white man had.
Women were denied rights, and so were African Americans, so they wanted rights for all.
1860: NY Married Women's Property act:
Women now able to enter into their own contracts and control their own earnings and property
In 1851, met Elizabeth Stanton and they became friends. She then worked tirelessly for the Women's Suffrage movement. She lectured on women's rights, organized state and national conventions on the issue, and collected signatures for a petition for women to gain the right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony
One of the first leaders of the American Women's rights movement. Anthony and Stanton me in 1851 and worked together towards their goal of women's suffrage. Anthony managed the business affairs while Stanton did much of the writing. They traveled the country and abroad to try to spread their message. In 1869, Stanton worked with Anthony to form the National Women Suffrage Association.
Elizabeth C. Stanton
1863: Women's National Loyal League:
pushed to abolish slavery to end the war. Made a petition to try to abolish slavery and collected 400,000 petitions
Elizabeth Stanton and Susan Anthony were both major players in women's rights movements
In the Civil War, Susan worked for the emancipation of slaves. In 1863 she helped to for The Women's National Loyal League, which supported emancipation of slaves. The suffrage of male African Americans was granted, so Susan and Elizabeth tried to link that to women's suffrage but, alas, no vote for women.
After the the addition of the addition of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment, Susan and Elizabeth formed the National Women's Suffrage Association in 1869
Full transcript