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James Joyce

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Verónica Álvarez

on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of James Joyce


Interesting facts
James Joyce
A heavy theme found throughout the entirety of Dubliners is the feeling of paralysis that is felt bu the characters in the stories. Reading the stories and analyzing them individually hints at the idea of paralysis but it is also easy to overlook it. Upon reading all of the stories of Dubliners, the idea of paralysis is a common theme. This feeling of paralysis in Dublin and Ireland as a whole is a feeling that Joyce was trying to show in this collection of short stories. This could be a feeling how he personally felt during his life in Ireland, or it can be a feeling that he viewed in other people that live there. Either way the idea of paralysis is an important theme in this collection and connects all of the stories together and gives a deep message about the mental state of Dublin.
James Joyce (February 2, 1882 - January 13, 1941) was one of the most preeminent Irish authors of the twentieth century.
Joyce was born at Rathgar, a suburb of Dublin,
on February 2nd.
Goes to Belvedere College.
Begins school at Clongowes Wood College.
Joyce begins studying Italian, English and French at University College Dublin.
Publishes 'Ibsen's New Drama'.
'The Day of the Rabblement' is published.
Joyce makes his first trip to Paris.
Joyce's mother, Mary Jane Joyce, dies.
Escapes with Nora; begins sketching A Portrait
Giorgio, James and Nora's son, is born; they move to Trieste
Lucia, James and Nora's daughter, is born; they move back to Trieste; Chamber Music is published
Live briefly in Rome; Joyce works at a bank. Most likely date of writing of Stephen Hero
Gives lectures on Shakespeare in Trieste
The Joyces move to Zürich; work on Ulysses resumes; Exiles is written.
Dubliners published; Joyce begins the writing process for Ulysses.
A Portrait is published in the United States.
A Portrait is published in Britain.
The serialization of Ulysses in The Little Review begins.
The Joyces move to Paris and the serialization of Ulysses stops.
Ulysses is published in Paris.
Pomes Penyeach is published.
Finnegans Wake is published.
Joyce dies in Zürich at the age of 59.
Joyce flies to Zurich escaping the Nazi invasion and occupation of the city.
Influence of Ireland
Major Works
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
"An annual celebration in Dublin on June 16th of the life of James Joyce and, in particular, his novel Ulysses, which is entirely set in Dublin on June 16th, 1904" Collins Dictionary-http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/bloomsday
Word Origin
C20: after Leopold Bloom, the central character in Ulysses
Ulysses holds a very special place in the history of English literature. The novel is one of the greatest masterpiece of modernist literature. But, Ulysses is also sometimes seen as so experimental that it is completely unreadable.
"The book has fascinated scholars and baffled readers for decades with its dense prose, obscure puns and allusions to the characters and events of Homer's epic Greek poem The Odyssey." http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/3810193.stm
Joyce was also an emigrant.
Feeling constrained and paralysed in Dublin, he begged Nora Barnacle to escape with him to the continent.
He lived in self-imposed exile, finding an artistic freedom in Europe that he could never find in Dublin.
Joyce and his wife, Nora
Joyce was obsessed with Dublin after he left
Today there are university classes devoted to Joyce’s work and literary journals full of criticisms, articles and research. Centers, associations, societies, museums, collections, tourist locations, and Bloomsday Festivals exist all over the world in honor of the literary genius of James Joyce.
The first half of the twentieth century was one of the most volatile periods in history, which became manifest in the politics and the arts of that time. Specifically, Ireland is a country that was characterized by its artists as being absorbed in civil strife, due to British imperial and mercantile dominance. The conflict between the native Irish and the British colonists in Ireland caused a rise of Irish nationalism. The theme of Irish nationalism, including the lack thereof, is common among, especially, the Irish Modernist writers.
"Dubliners" consists of 15 stories about Dubliners.
They lack in obvious action, but the disclose human situations, moments of intensity.
Each story moves toward a moral, social, or spiritual revelation.
The theme that holds them together and makes them a book is "paralysis" or living death.

The paralysis of Joyce is moral, intellectual, and spiritual. His city is the heart of paralysis and all the citizens are victims.
The moral center of Dubliners is not paralysis alone but the revelation of paralysis to its victims.
The literary works of Irish writer James Joyce are perhaps the most studied, argued and admired of all modern classics.
Quote: “I will tell you what I will do and what I will not do. I will not serve that in which I no longer believe, whether it calls itself my home, my fatherland, or my church: and I will try to express myself in some mode of life or art as freely as I can and as wholly as I can, using for my defense the only arms I allow myself to use -- silence, exile, and cunning.” James Joyce, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Purely in terms of literary technique, Finnegans Wake is probably the most astonishing – and controversial – book ever written. Completed in 1939 after seventeen years of labor, it was received with a mix of reactions ranging from bafflement to delight to open hostility.
Finnegans Wake is a work that utterly defies labels and genre. While some refer to it as a novel, it is certainly like no novel ever written; others find it a closer relation to poetry, but that, too, only goes so far. It also shares similarities to an epic, a myth, a riddle, a puzzle, and a philosophical text.
But before I continue, a brief word, because on a very superficial level, the book is about a family asleep in Dublin: an amiable but curiously guilty husband, his forgiving wife, their lovely daughter, and their two competitive sons. But the narrative does not concern itself with describing their tossing and turning and snoring and such: during the course of the night, the father dreams, and Finnegans Wake is the text of this dream. And not just any dream, for his dreams have dreams of their own, and these dreams encompass the whole of history, with all its races, religions, mythologies, and languages; all its loves and hates, enmities and affinities – all melting and flowing into each other, revealing the cyclical, unchanging nature of life.
Stream of Consciousness is a literary style in which the author follows visual, auditory, tactile, associative, and subliminal impressions and expresses them using "interior monologue" of characters either as a writing technique or as a writing style that mingles thoughts and impressions in an illogical order, and violates grammar norms.
Main characteristics:

Recording multifarious thoughts and feelings
Exploring external and internal forces that influence individual’s psychology
Disregard of the narrative sequence
Absence of the logical argument
Disassociated leaps in syntax and punctuation
Prose difficult to follow

Joyce had a couple of pretty serious phobias.

His final words are said to have been, "Does nobody understand?"

He and Nora had quite the passionate love affair, as evidenced by the many erotic letters
One of the letters sold for nearly half a million dollars at Sotheby's in 2004.
Here's a sample of Joyce's writing: "The two parts of your body which do dirty things are the loveliest to me."
Dirty letters
Joyce underwent over 25 eye surgeries in his lifetime.
One of the best examples of "Stream of Consciousness" takes place in James Joyce's Ulysses , a novel that is almost completely written using the technique since most of the novel takes place in main character, Leopold Bloom's mind. Just like Leopold's mind it is written without a clear form or logical sequence since most of his thoughts and mixed feelings change day by day.

Stream of Consciousness
An ardent admirer of Joyce, this blind Argentine mentions him several times in his writings, and was one of the first Spanish-language reviewers of Ulysses. He’s also written two poems about James Joyce: “James Joyce,” and “Invocation to Joyce.”
Chris Lombardi, activist and novelist, uses the relationship between James Joyce and his daughter Lucia as inspiration for her forthcoming novel blue:season.
Chris Lombardi
Professor of Semiotics at the University of Bologna, this avowed Joycean is known for writing extremely dense but witty novels, each overflowing with historical trivia, puzzles, paradoxes, and countless arcane allusions. He has also written two nonfiction books about Joyce as well, and parodies Joycean criticism in a third
Umberto Eco
Commentary by Derik Badman:
Markson’s novel Springer’s Progress contains a number of wordplay/references to Ulysses, including:

“Hey, Loosh, how long since you read Joyce? You hear what the newly amputated chef told Stephen’s friend he was serving on the fancy silver platter?”
“Plately stump, Buck Mulligan?”
–p. 115
David Markson
Commentary by Derik Badman:
Raymond Queneau was much influenced by his early reading of Ulysses. He shared many themes with Joyce, such as wordplay, encyclopedic works, and a sense of humor in ‘serious’ literature.
Raymond Queneau
Jorge Luis Borges
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