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Women in Pop Culture

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Hartli Young

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Women in Pop Culture

Women in Pop Culture
Women in film
(sci-fi horror movies)
Advertising
Women's Roles in Ads
Sarah Connor
Female lead in the first two Terminator movies. Though she starts out as almost helpless she turns into an all and all survivor and savior of the world. The only drawback of her representation is that she is constantly under psych evaluations because the world she is trying to save sees her as crazy.
Selene
Main protagonist (played by Kate Beckinsale) in the underworld series which focuses on the war between vampires and werewolves. In some ways she is an extremely powerful character and is continually challenging the male figures of the movie, but is extremely sexualized and gives an unrealistic expectation of beauty.
Unrealistic Standards of Beauty
Whitewashing
Twilight
Women in Popular Contemporary Literature
Bella Swan
Main protagonist of series.
17-year-old human at start of series; becomes a vampire at 18 in 4th book (
Breaking Dawn
).
As a human, she is described as rather pretty; upon becoming a vampire, she inherits "god-like beauty."
Personality described as clumsy insecure and naive, but also kind-hearted, responsible, and mature.
Special ability: Mental Shield.
Alice Cullen
Rosalie Hale
Fifty Shades of Grey
Anastasia Steele
Harry Potter
Elena Lincoln
Kate Kavanagh
Molly Weasley
Dolores Umbridge
Hermione Granger
A Song of Ice and Fire
Cersei Lannister
Brienne of Tarth
Arya Stark
Adopted daughter of the Cullens
In 1920, at the age of 19, she was converted to a vampire while in an asylum she was committed to after she claimed to have a vision of her father murdering her.
Described as very beautiful, petite (4'10"), extremely thin, and with "pixie-like" features.
Personality described as optimistic, free-spirited, very graceful, and kind. She also has an obsession with fashion and shopping.
Special ability: Precognition.
Adopted daughter of the Cullens
In 1933, at the age of 18, she was raped and severely beaten by a group of men before being converted to a vampire.
Described as 5'9" and "the most beautiful person in the world" with the figure of a model.
Personality described as loyal, narcissistic and self-centered; she enjoys wearing elegant dresses and jewelry and both manipulating men and making women jealous.
Special ability: Beauty.
Main Protagonist and virgin at start of series
Fears abandonment after the death of father.
21-years-old and studying Literature with 4.0 GPA
Appearance described as pale and thin, with a fresh, youthful face, and innocent appeal. She is also shy, insecure about her appearance, and prone to blushing.
Personality described as introverted and stubborn, but with a kind heart and very studious
Roommate and best friend of Anastasia
Comes from a wealthy family, is the valedictorian at college graduation, and is an aspiring journalist.
She is described as more sexually experienced than Ana, having lost her virginity at prom while drunk and marries her first serious boyfriend.
Appearance described as being so beautiful as to make men tongue-tied.
Personality described opposite of Anastasia; outgoing, fashionable, vivacious, confident, and strong-willed.
Long time friend/lover and business partner of Christian Grey.
Seduced him at age 15, introducing him to BDSM
After 6 years, her husband discovered their affair and responded by breaking her left arm, jaw, and 4 ribs. She did not press charges against him.
Appearance described as a tall, elegant, sexy, and regal platinum blonde often wearing black and well groomed.
Personality described as duplictious, manipulative, and unscrupulous.
Matriarch of Weasley family and member of Order of the Phoenix.
Pure-blood Witch and defeater of the Death Eater Bellatrix Lestrange.
Described as short and plump with a kindly countenance embodying the best qualities of a loving mother but with a resemblance to a sabre-tooth tiger when angered.
Ministry of Magic bureaucrat.
Half-blood Witch installed at Hogwarts, eventually becoming the Headmistress.
Described as short, squat, and toad-like with a broad, flabby face, slack mouth and little neck.
Personality described as highly antagonistic; cruel, ruthless, corrupt, unscrupulous, and sadistic.
Hogwart's student of Gryffindor and close friend to Harry Potter.
Human-born Witch exceptionally-gifted with academic abilities and intelligence.
Described as being quite pretty when seen, although usually hiding behind a pile of books.
Personality described as studious, responsible, fastidious, strong-willed, opinionated, and brave.
Queen of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros.
Twin sister and lover of Jaime Lannister.
Mother to Joffrey, Myrcella, and Tommen of Baratheon.
Described as strikingly beautiful with blonde hair, fair skin, and a slender, graceful figure.
Personality described as cunning, willful, and ambitious with a desire to rule.
AKA "The Maid of Tarth" or "Brienne the Beauty"
Mother, brother and sisters all died during her childhood.
Extremely skilled fighter and aspires to be a knight.
Described as tall, muscular, flat-chested with short, straw-like hair, crooked teeth, and a freckled face.
Personality described as socially awkward, headstrong, and blunt, but very loyal to those that are respectful to her.
Third child and second daughter of Eddard Stark and Catelyn Tully.
A Warg with the ability to enter her pet direwolf Nymeria in her dreams.
Described as skinny and athletic, but plain in appearance and often mistaken for a boy.
Left-handed, quick and dextrous, she began to learn swordplay at age 9.
Personality described as strong-willed to the point of defiance, resourceful, cunning, and pragmatic.
Women in Sports
History Makers, Present Day Issues and Today's Stars
Early, Early History
Cynisca Of Sparta
Elizabeth Wilkinson
Interesting Firsts
The Bloomer Girls
Georgia “Tiny” Broadwick
Present Day Issues
•Inequity in Collegiate Sports
•Inequity in Professional Sports
•Media Coverage
•LGBT in College Sports
Title IX
•1972, landmark legislation banning sexual discrimination (against men and women) in all
schools, including athletics.
•Applies to state and local school districts, colleges, universities, libraries and museums.
•Most focus is on giving women equal opportunities in the athletic arena to those of men.
Women in Music
Today's Stars
Early History
Leticia Bufoni
Ronda Rousey
Women have been composing
music since as early as the 1500's. However, many of them used male names in order to be taken seriously, since most of the music composed for that era was for the Church.
Alex Puccio
Diana Taurasi
Becky Hammon
•Former WNBA player
•First full-time female Assistant coach in the NBA
•Hired by Gregg Popovich of the San Antonio Spurs
Women in Sports: References
•Burke, T. (2013, February 26). The Fascinating Life of Georgia 'Tiny' Broadwick,
America's First Lady of Parachuting. Retrieved April 24, 2015, from http://patch.com/massachusetts/westroxbury/bp--the-fascinating-life-of-georgia-tiny-broadwick-am39455708dd
•History of Women in Sports Timeline. (2015, April 24). Retrieved April 23, 2015, from
http://www.northnet.org/stlawrenceaauw/timeline.htm
•Media Coverage & Female Athletes. (2013, December 1). Retrieved April 24, 2015,
from http://video.tpt.org/video/2365132906/
•Objectto the Women Playing Ball on Sunday. (1901, July 19). San
Fransisco Call. Retrieved April 24, 2015, from http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1901-07-19/ed-1/seq-8/#words=OBJECT WOMEN PLATEWG^BAIili OH SUNDAY
•Pay Inequity in Athletics. (2011). Retrieved April 24, 2015, from
http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/home/research/articles-and-reports/equity-issues/pay-inequity
•Playing in the Closet: Homophobia in Sports. (2011). Retrieved April 24, 2015, from
http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/home/research/articles-and-reports/lgbt-issues/playing-in-the-closet
•Thrasher, C. (2012). Disappearance: How Shifting Gendered Boundaries Motivated the
Removal of Eighteenth Century Boxing Champion Elizabeth Wilkinson from
Historical Memory. Past Imperfect, 18, 53-75. Retrieved April 24, 2015, from http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/pi/article/view/19438/15049
•Women Play Sports But Not on TV. (2010, June 4). Retrieved April 24, 2015, from
http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/home/research/articles-and-reports/media-issues/women-play-sports-but-not-on-tv
Women in Jazz
Jazz blazed its way onto the music scene, where many women including Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald and Mary Lou Williams found their voice.
However,women were still marginalized as composers, even though many of the stars of jazz were female vocalists. Lil Hardin Armstrong wrote and performed the song "Just for a Thrill" in 1936, but the song did not gain any popularity until over 20 years later when it was performed as a cover by Ray Charles in 1959.
Sex and Rock n' Roll
Fast forward to the 60's, 70's and 80's, where rock and roll is beginning to pick up steam and bring female singers like Janis Joplin, Patti Smith and Joan Jett into the spotlight.
Early History
The 80's also brought in artists like Madonna, who incorporated a lot of their sexuality into their work.
Music Today
Broadcast Journalism has been/continues to be a male-dominated field
In the early 1920s radio shows used female broadcaster's for entertainment, or "homemaker" programs. Very few reported 'actual' news stories
During the Jazz Age, women were used as "Front Page Girls" to help sale sensationalist crime reports
"Front Page Girls" to Eleanor Girls
Women began to gain advances in the field in the 60s and 70s
Current Trends
in the Field
The sexualization of the music industry has largely influenced the way the industry looks today.
Many women find this to be a double edged sword; some women like the idea of displaying their sexuality so openly, while others feel that it takes away the focus from the music.
Women report on "fluff" stories--> lifestyle, culture and health; while men report on "hard" news stories--> politics, crime, and international issues
63.4% of on-camera appearances are made by men; women only account for 36.1%, and
Women underrepresented in Sports journalism: seen as a "man's topic"
Women are stuck on the sidelines/ have a model-esque appearance
90 percent of Sports Journalists are men. Women make up only 9.6 percent
Women
in
Broadcast Journalism
vs.
Oversexualization
Introducing the Female Broadcaster
One problem seen in the industry today is the oversexualization of teen pop stars. This process plays into the Madonna-Whore Complex.
Ellen Ripley
Anne O'Hare
: Famous for interviews with Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini
Mary Marvin Beckinridge:
First female radio broadcaster for CBS
Marguerite Higgins
: Pioneer for female war field reporters. Covered the Korean War. Won Pulitzer Prize in 1951 for international reporting
Betty Friedan
: Activist in the feminist movements of the 1970s, author of the book The Feminine Mystique
Main character in the Alien movie franchise played by Sigourney Weaver. In these movies people are pitted against extremely intelligent killing machines and the one person who makes it out is Ripley. She is the strong character of the series always with a plan and a way to lead the rest of the team to safety.
Issues for
Female Journalists
Emphasis on appearance: women expected to be beautiful, BUT not too beautiful
"Fresh face" and "Youthful"
Reinforces unrealistic standards of beauty image
Lack of job security due to pregnancy/childcare
WAGE GAP: Women earn 80 cents for every $1 a man earns
Alice
Alice is the main protagonist in the resident evil franchise which focuses on a zombie outbreak that covers the world. Alice is portrayed as a very strong female character, but is covered in leather or naked for the entirety of the movie.
Banned Ads
However, oversexualization with "innocent undertones" is a formula that the music industry has proven equals success time and again.
After all, Katy Perry was a practically unheard of Christian singer until she went pop and sang a song about how she kissed a girl and was surprised by how much she liked it, since she is usually such a "good girl".
Barbara
Barbara is one of the main characters in the cult classic night of the living dead. This movie is a lot older and Barbara's character is much weaker than the others I mentioned. She is consistently running and hiding and plays the stereotypical female role in this horror classic.
Boss B*tches?
Creative & Cultural Skills report that the gender divide across all music industry related jobs is 67.8% male to 32.2% female. PRS for Music report that their membership of over 95,000 songwriters and composers is only 13 per cent female. AIM's 2012 membership survey revealed that only 15% of label members are majority-owned by women.
Officer Anne Lewis
Female vocalists are not the only women in the music industry that face challenges. The actual business-side of the industry suggests an enormous gender gap.
A New Hope
Although there are many challenges facing women in the music industry, there are many young artists today that are a positive and powerful force in music.
Supporting character in the Robocop movie series. Officer Anne is described as being honest and a trustworthy cop also she saves the main character multiple times throughout the movie.
Steps in the Right Direction
Still a male-dominated field, but many women are making a name for themselves
References
James, E. L.
Fifty Shades of Grey.
London: Vintage Books, 2011. Print.
Fifty Shades Darker
. London: Vintage Books, 2012. Print.
Fifty Shades Freed
. London: Vintage Books, 2012. Print.
Meyer, Stephanie.
Twilight
. New York: Little Brown and Co, 2005. Print.
New Moon
. New York: Little Brown and Co, 2006. Print.
Eclipse
. New York: Little Brown and Co, 2007. Print.
Breaking Dawn
. New York: Little Brown and Co, 2008. Print.
Rowling, J. K.
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone
. New York: Scholastic, 1998. Print.
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
. New York: Scholastic, 1999. Print.
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
. New York: Scholastic, 1999. Print.
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
. New York: Scholastic, 2000. Print.
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
. New York: Scholastic, 2003. Print.
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
. New York: Scholastic, 2005. Print.
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
. New York: Scholastic, 2007. Print.
Martin, George R. R.
A Game of Thrones. New York: Bantam Books, 1996. Print.
A Clash of Kings. New York: Bantam Books, 1998. Print.
A Storm of Swords. New York: Bantam Books, 2000. Print.
A Feast for Crows. New York: Bantam Books, 2005. Print.
A Dance With Dragons. New York: Bantam Books, 2011. Print.
Women in Popular Contemporary Literature
Women in Film
(Sci-fi Horror movies)
Robocop. Dir. Paul Verhooeven. Perf. Peter Weller. Orion Pictures Corporation, 1987. DVD
Resident evil [Motion picture]. (2008). Sony Pictures Home Entertainment.
Alien [Motion picture on VHS]. (1995). Karantanija film.
Night of the living dead [Motion picture on DVD]. (1968). USA: Image Ten.
Terminator [Motion picture on DVD]. (1984). Los Angeles. CA: Hemdale film.
Underworld [Motion picture on DVD]. (2003). Budapest, Hungary: Lakeshore Entertainmnet.

Activism
After surveying students across campus these are our results?
"Building a Creative Nation."
Creative & Cultural Skills
. Creative and Cultural Skills, 2015. Web. 27 April 2015.
http://ccskills.org.uk/supporters/building-a-creative-nation
Chapman, Olivia. "Where are the women in music?"
PRS for Music
. April 2010. Web. 27 April 2015.
http://www.prsformusic.com/aboutus/press/latestpressreleases/Pages/Wherearethewomeninmusic.aspx
The survey consisted of 4 questions considering views on discrimination of women in media and was distributed randomly to students across the campus. The survey also assessed what qualities are appreciated in feminine role models.
Philips, Abbey. "Spacebomb: Truth lies somewhere in between."
RVANews
. RVANews, 2011. Web. 27 April 2015.
http://rvanews.com/features/spacebomb-truth-lies-somewhere-in-between/49992
Who are our role models?
Women in Music
When examining the responses to who participants role models were it the most common response was a family members. This was most apparent amongst the female sample.
Is there discrimination?
One of the questions on the questions was whether the participant thought there was discrimination against women in media. For the most part everyone said yes, but when asked about levels of discrimination there was a bit a variability. Most of the participants fell in the area between 4 and 9 but there were some outliers. The interesting thing is that on the low side was male participants and the high side female participants.
Woszczyna, Nicole. "Sexism in the Music Industry Drives Female Pop Stars to Shocking Lows."
feminspire
. Feminspire Media Network, 2013. Web. 27 April 2015.
http://feminspire.com/sexism-in-the-music-industry-drives-female-pop-stars-to-shocking-lows/
Let's Change TV!
Television*
Television Discrimination
By: Antoinnia King
"Patriarchy is a system in which both women and men participate. It privileges, inter alia, the intrest of boys and men over the bodily integrity, autonomy and dignity of girls and women. It is subtle, insidious, and never more dangerous than when women passionately deny that they themselves are engaging in it. This abnormal obsession with women's faces and bodies has become so normal that we...have internalized patriarchy almost seamlessly."

- Ashley Judd, Missing
Changing The Channel

Baby Steps Sis..
Although the presence of minority women are seen more on today's television screens, roles of them playing an interracial central romantic couple has not changed in the past twenty years.
Whats On Now..?
One of the final questions in survey was whether we believed that women were portrayed negatively or positively in media and except for the occasional outlier participants either saw media portrayal as negative. Also as you can see differences between men and women were somewhat minimal with neither siding more in one direction than the other.
Advertising
Women in Broadcast Journalism
Anne Elizabeth O'Hare McCormick | biography - American journalist. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2015, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/354009/Anne-Elizabeth-OHare-McCormick
Betty Friedan. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2015, from http://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/betty-friedan
The Status of Women in the U.S. Media 2014. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.womensmediacenter.com/
The Value of Women Journalists. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2015, from http://niemanreports.org/articles/the-value-of-women-journalists/
Women in News and Current Affairs Hroadcasting. (2015). The Stationery Office/Tso.
Women in television journalism have an unfair emphasis on appearance - The Daily Texan. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2015, from http://www.dailytexanonline.com/2013/09/24/women-in-television-journalism-have-an-unfair-emphasis-on-appearance

Judd, Ashley. The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 9 Apr. 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2015
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/04/09/ashley-judd-slaps-media-in-the-face-for-speculation-over-her-puffy-appearance.html
Cottom, Tressie. "When White Men Love Black Women on TV." Quartz. 27 Dec. 2014. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
http://qz.com/317024/when-white-men-love-black-women-on-tv/
Women in Television Reference
Beauty Whitewashed: How White Ideals Exclude Women of Color. (2011, February 1). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.beautyredefined.net/beauty-whitewashed-how-white-ideals-exclude-women-of-color/
Misener, J. (2011, November 9). Dakota Fanning Perfume Ad Gets Banned For 'Sexualizing Children' (PHOTO, POLL). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/09/dakota-fanning-perfume-ad-banned-marc-jacobs_n_1083535.html
Patterson, M., O'Malley, L., & Story, V. (2009). WOMEN IN ADVERTISING: REPRESENTATIONS, REPERCUSSIONS, RESPONSES. Irish Marketing Review, 20(1), 9-22. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204575635?accountid=7113
Photoshopping: Altering Images and Our Minds. (2014, March 12). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.beautyredefined.net/photoshopping-altering-images-and-our-minds
Zhang, M. (2011, July 27). Julia Roberts Makeup Ads Banned in UK for Too Much Photoshop. Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://petapixel.com/2011/07/27/julia-roberts-makeup-ads-banned-in-uk-for-too-much-photoshop/
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