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THE KLONDIKE GOLD RUSH

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kyle breedon

on 8 June 2015

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Transcript of THE KLONDIKE GOLD RUSH

THE KLONDIKE GOLD RUSH
In August 1896, three friends Skookum Jim, Dawson Charlieand and Patsy Henderson headed up the Yukon River looking for jim’s sister Kate and her husband George Carmack. After they found George and Kate who were fishing for salmon at the time . They ran into Nova Scotian named Robert Henderson who had been mining gold on the Indian River, just south of the Klondike. Henderson told George Carmack about where he was mining and that he did not want any Indians near him while he was mining in their area. The group then headed a few miles up the Klondike River to Rabbit Creek, now Bonanza Creek to hunt moose. The party discovered lots of gold at the creek.
The first successful prospectors arrived in Seattle on July 17, 1897 and told everybody there was gold at Klondike. Within a month the Klondike stampede had begun.
.People came from all over the world to the rush but most of the people were from the United States and Canada. It was estimated that majority of miners (60 to 80 percent) were Americans or recent immigrants to America.
To reach the gold fields most took the route through the ports of Dyea and Skagway in Southeast Alaska. Most of the gold seekers travelled by steamship


The population in Klondike in 1898 (When the rush started) reached 40,000. From the population increasing dramatically it was threatening to cause a famine.


Of the estimated 30,000 people who reached Dawson City during the gold rush, only around 15,000 to 20,000 finally became prospectors. Of these, no more than 4,000 struck gold and only a few hundred became rich.

Most of the prospectors had no experience in the mining industry.
The publicity around the gold rush led to a flurry of branded goods being put onto the market such as clothing, equipment, food and medicines
.

The economy in the rest of Canada was pretty grim during the period.
The Canadian Mounted Police would not let miners go on the trip if they didn't have a year's worth of supplies. The list included equipment and supplies sufficient to support a prospector for one year. The total weight is approximately 1 ton. The miners couldn't carry all the gear they had to carry at once. So it took several trips for the miners to carry their equipment. It a was estimated cost on the list was around $140 ($3,800).

In April 1898, an avalanche came roaring down on a group of miners. The miners had just made their way up the Golden Stairs just below the summit of the pass. The avalanche killed 63 miners.


The Klondike Gold Rush ended in 1899 after gold was discovered in Nome, Alaska. So a lot of the miners in Klondike left and went to Alaska thinking they would of found more gold in Nome than Klondike.
In 1900, the White Pass and Yukon Railway was finished and made the trip to Klondike much easier. But by then the Rush was over.

In 1901 when the gold rush was over a census was taken and the population had declined to 9,000 from 40,000.
The Klondike produced $300 million dollars in gold.
One of the first to join the gold rush was William D. Wood, the mayor of Seattle, who resigned and formed a company to transport prospectors to the Klondike.


About 100,000 people headed for the Klondike in hopes of getting rich and more importantly getting out of the poor house. Only about 30,000 actually made it to Klondike. Many people came too late.
In 1898 eight percent of those living in the Klondike territory were women and 1899 in Klondike the percentage of women rose to 12 percent from the rush.


The Klondike Gold Rush is a famous Canadian gold rush that took places in the late 1890 . It was located in Klondike near Dawson City in the Yukon Territory
.


George Carmack was officially credited for the discovery because the "discovery" claim was staked in his name. But now it is generally known that Skookum Jim made the discovery.

14.THE SUPPLY LIST

150 pounds (68 kg) bacon
400 pounds (180 kg) flour
25 pounds (11 kg) rolled oats
125 pounds (57 kg) beans
10 pounds (4.5 kg) tea
10 pounds (4.5 kg) coffee
25 pounds (11 kg) sugar
25 pounds (11 kg) dried potatoes
25 pounds (11 kg) dried onions
15 pounds (6.8 kg) salt
1 pound (0.45 kg) pepper
75 pounds (34 kg) dried fruits
8 pounds (3.6 kg) baking powder
8 pounds (3.6 kg) soda
0.5 pounds (0.23 kg) evaporated vinegar
12 ounces (340 g) compressed soup
1 can of mustard
1 tin of matches (for four men)
Stove for four men
Gold pan for each
Set of granite buckets
Large bucket
Knife, fork, spoon, cup, and plate
Frying pan
Coffee and teapot
Scythe stone
Two picks and one shovel
One whipsaw
Pack strap
Two axes for four men and one extra handle
Six 8-inch (200 mm) files and two taper files for the party
Draw knife, brace and bits, jack plane, and hammer for party
200 feet (61 m) 0.375-inch (9.5 mm) rope
8 pounds (3.6 kg) of pitch and 5 lb (2.3 kg). of oakum for four men
Nails, 5 pounds (2.3 kg) each of 6, 8, 10 and 12 penny, for four men
Tent, 10 by 12 feet (3.0 m × 3.7 m) for four men
Canvas for wrapping
Two oil blankets to each boat
5 yards (4.6 m) of mosquito netting for each man
3 suits of heavy underwear
1 heavy Mackinaw coat
2 pairs heavy woollen trousers
1 heavy rubber-lined coat
12 heavy wool socks
6 heavy wool mittens
2 heavy over shirts
2 pairs of heavy, snag proof rubber boots
2 pairs of shoes
4 pairs of blankets (for two men)
4 towels
2 pairs of overalls
1 suit of oil clothing
Several changes of summer clothing
Small assortment of medicines

One of the first to join the gold rush was William D. Wood, the mayor of Seattle, who resigned and formed a company to transport prospectors to the Klondike.

The gold rush remains an important event in the history of the city of Edmonton and Canada. But In Edmonton they celebrate Klondike Days, an annual summer fair with a Klondike gold rush theme.


On White Pass trail known as Dead Horse Trail during the rush because there were about 3,000 animals that had died or were dying along the route.

The Klondike Gold Rush impacted Canada by creating the Territory Yukon and expanding the country. The reason why the rush made the territory Yukon and helped the country expand is because the rail traffic that Klondike inspired became an important factor in the great western canadian boom. An other reason is that the population in western Canada was high so that would mean the country and the territory was growing.
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