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Transcript of Columbian Exchange
Who conquered the Aztecs?
Explain how colonization affected Africans and Native Americans.
Partner Students with person sitting next to them.
Pose question: What would life have been like had colonists never traveled to the New World/Americas?
Allow individual students time to think and record ideas.
Instruct students to share their ideas with their partners and record there partner's thoughts.
Discuss answers with class. Think-Write-Pair-Share Identify the Old World and the New World on the map. Which continents are found in the Old World? Which continents are found in the New World? The Americas Europe, Africa and Asia What does it mean to exchange something? What event started the Columbian Exchange? What is the Columbian Exchange? The movement of people animals, plants, technology, and ideas. Columbian Exchange Trade, switch, etc. Christopher Columbus started it when he arrived in the Americas in 1492. What foods did the Old World exchange with the New World? What foods did the New world exchange with the Old World? New World/Americas Old World What diseases were exchanged? Which group of people suffered from the introduction of diseases? Why? What livestock was brought over from the Old World? How did the introduction of this livestock change Native Americans lives? The Native Americans because they had not built up immunity to the diseases brought over by the Europeans. Cattle, Pigs, Chickens, and Horses Pigs have become one of the most important food sources in Central America today. Horses were used by Native Americans for travel and trade. How would your life be different the Columbia Exchange never occured? Potatoes in all of Ireland in 1491: zero
Tomatoes in all of Italy in 1491: zero
Peppers in all of Spain in 1491: zero
Strawberries in all of England in 1491: zero
Cocoa beans in all of Switzerland in 1491: zero
Peanuts in all of West Africa in 1491: zero
Cassava roots in all of the Congo in 1491: zero
Ears of corn in all of Europe in 1491: zero Horses on the Great Plains of North America in 1491: zero
Coffee plants in South America in 1491: zero
Cane sugar plants in the Caribbean in 1491: zero
Fields of bluegrass in Kentucky: zero
Wheat stalks in all of the Americas in 1491: zero
Major diseases transmitted from the Old World to the New World after 1492: smallpox, influenza, typhoid fever, cholera, scarlet fever, yellow fever, malaria, measles, tuberculosis, bubonic plague
Major diseases transmitted from the New World to the Old World after 1492: syphilis (possibly)
European cities more populous than the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan in 1515: none FOOD FOR THOUGHT..... Who do you think benefitted the most from Cultural Exchange? Why? Europe emerged as the most dominant power in the world during the Columbian Exchange. Many of the crops that European explorers brought back from the New World became staples in the Old World, helping to feed millions and leading to a major population boom. Gold and other precious metals from the New World also added greatly to the wealth of countries like Spain, England, and France. The presence of European colonies throughout the New World was a clear sign that European influence was truly global. EUROPE OR Unfortunately, the rise of Europe came at the expense of many of the native civilizations of the Americas, as disease, slavery, and wars of conquest greatly reduced their populations. Africa also suffered greatly during the Columbian Exchange, as the Atlantic slave trade resulted in millions of Africans being sold into slavery and sent to the New World to work on plantations. AMERICANS What are the positives and the negatives of the Columbian Exchange? The Columbian Exchange had both positive and negative aspects. For the native people who thrived in the Americas before the Europeans arrived, the cumulative effect was negative. Entire populations were wiped out by warfare and European diseases like smallpox. The Europeans also imported African slaves to work on the vast tracts of land they’d colonized, so African people experienced negative consequences, too. However, the modern, multicultural societies that exist today in North and South America would not exist without the Columbian Exchange. Animals such as cattle and horses were introduced to the Americas, as were European methods of agriculture. Europeans began incorporating American products like bananas, coffee, tobacco, and maize into their lives, and the overall pattern of international commerce completely changed. Many old traditions were lost, and many new practices were established. Columbian Exchange Game Pair up with person sitting next to you.
You will be given a T-Chart, that will serve as your game board. The Chart will be labled Old World and New World. You will also be given a bag with mixed labeled cards.
The cards will have the name of an item from the Old world or New World.
The first team to get all their cards on the correct side of the T-Chart and put their heads on the desk will win.