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20th Century Russian History Timeline

Timeline project for History.

Enya Leger

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of 20th Century Russian History Timeline

early 20th century Russian history a timeline by Enya Léger 1895 1941 1920 Russian civil war ends Lenin exiled to Siberia 1905 Bloody Sunday 1905 October Manifesto 1903 RSDLP splits 1906 Russian Constitution 1914 WWI begins 1915 Nicholas II leaves for the front 1916 Rasputin is murdered 1917 1917 1917 February Revolution Provisional Government Bolshevik Revolution 1921 1922 1927 1928 1932-1933 1936 1937-1938 NEP USSR established Stalin wins power struggle First Five-Year Plan Holodomor Soviet Constitution Great Purge Operation Barbarossa After forming the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class with other Marxists, Lenin was jailed for one year and then later exiled to Siberia for three years. Mensheviks believed in order for there to be a revolution, the people must first be won over. Bolsheviks believed a small group of revolutionary leaders, like Lenin, would bring it about. Was the event that sparked the 1905 Revolution. Tsarist troops opened fire on protesters seeking help from the Tsar. This event pushed many people to join revolutionary groups. The Tsar promised to provide basic civil rights for his people and to create an elected parliament called the Duma, turning the country into a Constitutional Monarchy. A set of laws based on the promises of the October Manifesto. This was significant because the Tsar agreed, for the first time ever, to share his power with a parliament. Russians were very willing to go to war, and the Tsar used this to try and create a sense of nationalism in the country. This may have worked, if the government hadn't been incompetent in organizing war. The Tsar left his wife in charge when he left. In turn, the Tsarina handed the power over to Rasputin, a monk that had gotten on her good side. Rasputin replaced all the cabinet ministers with his own friends. By the time Rasputin was assassinated, both the lower and upper classes in Russia were unhappy with their government. This was caused by the horrible state Russia was in while fighting Germany. Extreme food shortages and lack of other basic necessities caused 200,000 strikers to demand the overthrow of the Tsar. Once the Tsar abdicated, the Soviet (radical workers and soldiers) and the Duma formed together a Provisional Government. This government promised a Constituent Assembly, and to legalize strikes. The Bolsheviks, lead by Lenin, seized power of Russia by capturing railway stations, newspaper offices, telephone offices, and government institutions. The Bolsheviks, “Reds”, won against the “Whites” because they controlled the heart of Russia, were unified, had a skilled army, and had the working class on their side. This policy allowed for the following: private trade, peasants to sell surplus, and workers in small factories to “purchase” their factory. Russia became known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, a federation of fifteen republics After Lenin's death, Trotsky and Stalin fought over who would be in power. Stalin won by pretending to be a Moderate in order to defeat his rivals in the Party. This was a list of Stalin's goals for strengthening the economy. It focused on making the nation self-sufficient economically, financially, and militarily. Genocide caused by Stalin's refusal to help Ukrainians when famine struck. Instead, the government took the food from the people and made it illegal to pick food from the fields. Millions starved to death. This repealed voting restrictions, and added to the previous constitution the right to work and universal suffrage. It also recognized other social rights, such as the right to education. A series of campaigns of political repressions and murder. Stalin meant to eliminate his enemies and remove all possible Opposition, enabling him complete control of the party. The invasion of the USSR by Germany during WWII. Using blitzkrieg tactics, the German Army nearly succeeded in taking Moscow, but they were unprepared for both the winter and the violent street fights that would result .
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