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Ergonomics

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by

Shannin Williams

on 21 August 2013

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Transcript of Ergonomics

Ergonomics 101
A brief understanding of ergonomics in your workspace.
what is ergonomics?
neck strain

improper posture of the neck and shoulders can lead to neck strain or pain. During work, your shoulders should be supported in a relaxed position, your head should be facing forward and not turned or tilted, and your neck should be in line with your spine.
eye strain

is the most frequent complaint of computer users. The two most common issues that cause eye strain are improper lighting and improper monitor position.
leg discomfort

sitting for long periods of time in improper postures or without the proper support can lead to discomfort. Your seat depth should be adjusted to allow for 2-3 inches of clearance between the back of the knees. The height of the seat should allow feet to be supported firmly on the floor and for the hips to be at or slightly above knee level. Adjusting your seat to the proper height will ensure that the pressures are well distributed and your are firmly supported.



shoulder stress

in a proper workspace your shoulders should be relaxed, neck straight, and arms close to your body.
back discomfort

research states that approximately 80% of the population will experience back pain at some point in their lives. An important step to provide for a healthy back while at work is to ensure you maintain the proper curvature of the spine by sitting in a chair that provides lumbar support.
wrist & hand discomfort

improper wrist positions are often experienced during typing task. Additionally contact stresses are encountered when wrists are resting on edges of work surfaces. Together awkward wrist postures and contact stresses lead to tendon inflammation and restricted blood flow and could result in numbness of the fingers.
The word ergonomics comes from the Greek words
ERGO: Meaning work
NOMOS: Meaning laws
ergonomics is a science focused on the study of human fit. It also means fitting the job to the worker because one size may not always fit all.
according to the international ergonomics association...

ergonomics is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance
what does all this mean?
HOW DOES THIS EFFECT YOU?

Presented by: SFA Design Center
Shannin Williams & Jason Welch
not working in an ergonomically correct position can cause adverse side effects.
Look At The BIG Picture.........
when considering ergonomics in
your office, it is important to
consider the entire environment.
Avoid focusing on each element
independently of the others. All the elements of your workspace need to work in harmony to support you and your work.
TIPS TO
REMEMBER...
-90-90-90 degree rule.
- position keyboard tray at a -6 degree.
- position your monitor at arms length away.
- workstations should be organized to allow for healthy reach zones.
- beware of contact stress points.
- keep repetitive motions at a minimum.


BIG TIP THE DAY
collaborating with others encourages workers to leave
individual workstations and change their postures.
end
References
Allsteel Office (2013) Common symptoms in the office environment and proper adjustments. Retrieved on aug, 19 from http://www.allsteeloffice.com.
Allsteel Office (2013) Ergonomic adjustments. Retrieved on aug, 18 from http://www.allsteeloffice.com. Ergonomics of sitting: What matters most? Allsteel Office (2013) Retrieved on aug, 19 from http://www.allsteeloffice.com.
Allsteel Office (2013) Ergonomics and your bottom line. Retrieved on aug, 17 from http://www.allsteeloffice.com.
Allsteel Office (2013) Modern office ergonomics. Retrieved on aug, 17 from http://www.allsteeloffice.com.
Product designers study anthropometry (science that measures the range of body sizes in a population) and applies the information to their product including task chairs, desks, keyboard trays, monitor arms, and task lights.


5 proper ergonomic products for every workspace
Full transcript