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Entombed Warriors of Xian
Transcript of Entombed Warriors of Xian
is cast in bronze and the underground palace is a
gem-studded replica of imperial housing above ground, with the ceiling shaped into the sun, moon and stars by inlaying pearls. The booby traps consisted of automatic-shooting arrows installed to deter
tomb robbers. There are 3 exhibition vaults within Pit 1. Pit 1 is 210 meters long, 62 meters wide and 4.5 to 6.5 meters high. The exhibits are terracotta chariots and warriors.
Pit 2 is 96 meters long, 84 meters wide and 5 meters high. The exhibits are crossbowmen, cavalry, infantry and chariots.
Pit 3 is 21.4 meters long, 17.6 meters wide and 5.3 meters high. It is the headquarters of the army. Green Faced Warrior Location Where is it now? Pit 1 - opened to the pubic in 1979
- 210 meters long and 62 meters wide
- 4.5 to 6.5 meters high
- 9 circling corridors
- 6000 terracotta figures of soldiers and horses facing east
- 38 horse-driven chariots Pit 2 - excavated in 1976
- about 20 meters north of Vault 1
- 94 meters from east to west
- 84 meters from north to south
- four units; kneeling and standing archers, charriots, mixed forces, troopers holding weapons Pit 3 - smallest vault
- excavated in 1976
- opened to public in 1987
- 17.6 meters from east to west
- 21.4 meters from north to south
5.2 to 5.4 meters high Pit Three The Chinese viewed the colour green as symbolic of youthfulness and vibrancy.
Some experts assert the green faced warrior could have been placed there to demonstrate the braveness of all the soldiers and the power of the army in battle. A New Theory The warrior was a kneeling archer
Warriors are generally required to fight in isolation
Snipers traditionally use camouflage in order to blend in with their surroundings Bronze Chariots Most spectacular of the three pits -Located 22 yards to the northeast of the Terra Cotta pit 1
-Covers an area of 6562 square metres, 5 metres deep and is in the shape of a 'L' Divided into 4 sections Section one - Square shape, eastern corner of the pit
- Centre: 160 crossbowmen in squatting position
- 60 crossbowmen in standing posture Section 2 Section 3 -Located in the centre
of the pit-Rectangular combat formation of 264 foot soldiers, 8 cavalrymen, and 19 war chariots Section 4 -On the left of the pit-Measures 50 metres from east to west and 23 metres from north to south-Contains passageways where all the cavalrymen are aligned Bronze Swords Terracotta warriors features Discovery: PIT ONE Excavation Great finds Present day Expectations - 52 metres from east to west, 47.5 metres from north to south
- 64 war chariots, each pulled by 4 life-sized terracotta horses Excavation took up the entire year of 1977 The tomb of Qin Shi Huang was accidently discovered in March 1974 by local farmers who were drilling a well for water. Command centre for the groups of other pits 68 warriors, 4 horses, 1 chariot The three underground pits cover an area of 22000 square metres in total and is estimated to contain 8,000 life-sized pottery warriors and horses. The three pits all vary in sizes, with pit one being the largest one and rectangular in shape. It houses the army’s main force. Pit two is located approximately 20 metres north of pit 1. Pit three is located 25 metres north of pit one and west of pit 2 and is supposedly the headquarters. After the discovery of the fragments of the terracotta warriors the Stat Administration of Cultural Heritage were notified Why are many of the warriors in pit 3 headless? Believed that the warriors did have heads when produced Speculated that vandals broke in and destroyed warriors There are over 6,000 terracotta warriors and horses in pit 1, of which only a thousand have been fully unearthed. The war formation in Pit No.1 was elaborately set in a line and was posed to be prepared for battle at any moment. Archaeologists also discovered a variety of different weaponry including bronze swords, spears, crossbows, arrows and Wugous. The terracotta Pit 1 has been excavated three times. The first occurred between 1978 and 1984. This contributed to the excavation of 1,787 pieces of warriors. The second excavation was in 1985 however it was halted in the same year Warriors closely resemble modern Chinese people The third excavation commenced after 24 years of the second excavation •warriors which still contained its delicately painted colours a larger quantity of sharp weapons •Figures of military advisors •The possible figure of a foreigner Many expectations were places on the third excavation. -Two adjacent war chariots at the front and back
-Comparatively well preserved warriors with traces of paint present
-The discovery of an arrow that was surprisingly still sharp
-Big wooden ring
-A large terracotta warrior (2.5 m in height)
-Evidence on Xiang Yu
-The Green face warrior
In 1976, an arched roof was constructed with steel frames to protect the site. Achievements China and Germany have developed a conservation technique for colour paintings after 20 years of research.