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Child Abuse

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sophia yao

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of Child Abuse

Child Abuse
The term “child abuse” refers to the violence, mistreatment or neglect that a child or a teenager may experience while in the care of someone they either trust or depend on, such as a parent, sibling, other relative, caregiver or guardian. Abuse may take place anywhere and may occur, for example, within the child's home or that of someone known to the child.

Different contributing factors :individual, family and society.
Child abuse is linked to inequalities among people in our society and the power imbalance between adults and children. A child is usually in a position of dependence on his or her abuser, and has little or no power compared to the abuser.
A child's vulnerability may be increased by factors such as dislocation, racism, sexism, homophobia, poverty and social isolation.
What should you do

if a child discloses abuse?
Believe in the child
Listen openly and calmly
• Give the child your full attention
Put the child first and put your feelings (anger, frustration or pain) aside
Reassure the child
Be supportive
Tell the child what has happened is not his/her fault
Never make promises
Record all the facts the child has disclosed to you
Avoid interpreting what the child has said, use the child’s exact words
Contact your local police or your local child welfare agency
Physical abuse
Physical abuse involves deliberately using force against a child in such a way that the child is either injured or is at risk of being injured.
Sexual Abuse
It involves failing to provide what a child needs for his or her physical, psychological or emotional development and well being.
Emotional Abuse
Emotional abuse involves harming a child's sense of self
It may include verbal threats, social isolation, intimidation, exploitation, or routinely making unreasonable demands.
There are four types of child abuse
-Depending on its form(s), duration and severity, abuse may affect every aspect of a child's life; it may have consequences that are psychological, physical, behavioural, academic, sexual, interpersonal, self-perceptual or spiritual.
-The effects of abuse may appear right away, or surface only in adolescence or adulthood. Further, the effects may differ according to the nature of the response to the abuse, and whether the abuse was disclosed or reported.
-Girls and boys are affected differently by abuse. Compared to boys, girls are more likely to internalize their response to violence, and experience. Boys are more likely to externalize their response to violence, displaying. Boys who have been exposed to violence in their homes are more likely to be violent in their adolescent and adult relationships than boys not exposed to violence
Case of Child Abuse

VISAC Vancouver Incest and Sexual abuse center
1.What are some of the facts about child abuse nowadays?
-Well, more than seven children die from abuse and neglect everyday in North America, while two third cases are still remaining unreported.
2.What are some of the negative influences that child abuse can bring about?
-It does affect their future life a lot, for example, abused children are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol. More dangerously, research shows that one third abused children will abuse their own children later on, so things can go out of our control if it won't be stopped on time.
3.How have those abused children been in our society?
-Basically, they show lower self-esteem than their peers and are more likely to be involved in criminal activities.
Actually 84% of prison inmates were abused as a child.
4.What are some of the most efficient ways in order to prevent child abuse happening?
-The most important thing we should do is to report child abuse that happens around our neighbor immediately. Any time you find your neighbor’s young child frequently plays in the street, unsupervised, or you see a parent strike a child having a tantrum, please tell your local agencies. This will help us to save those child from abuse and neglect.
It includes beating, hitting, shaking, pushing, choking, biting, burning, kicking or assaulting a child with a weapon. It also includes holding a child under water, or any other dangerous or harmful use of force or restraint.
It involves using a child for sexual purposes
Since the 1960s, significant steps have been taken to address child abuse in Canada including
the introduction of mandatory reporting laws
the creation of child abuse registries
changes to the Criminal Code and the Canada Evidence Act (see Reforming the law and enhancing its implementation);
the extension of time limits for laying charges in child sexual abuse cases, and
the establishment of child protection agencies run by First Nations.
Examples of child sexual abuse include fondling, inviting a child to touch or be touched sexually, intercourse, rape, incest, sodomy, or involving a child in prostitution or pornography.
It also includes terrorizing a child, or exposing them to family violence.
Neglect is often chronic, and it usually involves repeated incidents
1.Which of the following actions can help stop child abuse ?

a) Helping a stressed-out parent by baby-sitting, making a meal for their family or lending an understanding ear.

b) Learning the signs and symptoms of child abuse so you can recognize them when you see the "red flags."

c) Reporting known or suspected child abuse to the police or local child protective services agency.

d) All of the above.
Emotional neglect includes failing to provide a child with love, safety, and a sense of worth.
Be a nurturing parent.
Children need to know that they are special, loved and capable of following their dreams.
Help a friend, neighbor or relative.
Offer a helping hand take care of the children, so the
parent(s) can rest or spend time together.
 Help yourself.
When the big and little problems of your everyday life pile up to the point you feel
overwhelmed and out of control – take time out. Don’t take it out on your kid.
 Never shake a baby
shaking a child may result in severe injury or death.
 Get involved.
Ask your community leaders, clergy, library and schools to develop services to meet the
needs of healthy children and families.
 Help to develop parenting resources at your local library.
 Promote programs in school.
Teaching children, parents and teachers prevention strategies can help to keep children
 Monitor your child’s television and video viewing.
Watching violent films and TV programs can harm young children.
 Volunteer at a local child abuse prevention program.
 Report suspected abuse or neglect.
2. What are the four forms or categories of child abuse?

A. Neglect, physical, sexual, and emotional

B. Physical, psychological, mental, emotional

C. Emotional, physical, mental, educational

D. Neglect, sexual, educational, and physical

E. None of the above
3. The victims of child abuse often suffer physical health problems later in their life like, abdominal, pelvic, and or muscular pains.

A. True

B. False
4. who is the most child abuser
a. the parents
b. the caregiver
c. the stranger
d. All the above
5.How to report suspect child abuse?
a. inform parent
b. tell another teacher
c. call hotline or local authority
d. all of the above
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