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The Effects Of Mein Kampf
Transcript of The Effects Of Mein Kampf
What is Mein Kampf
Mein Kampf or translated in English, "My Struggle" was an autobiography written by the National Socialist Leader Adolf Hitler. In each of the 2 Volumes he wrote, he outlined his political ideologies and future plans for Germany. At the time of Hitler composing Mein Kampf many people had believed that races were not equal, and that some people were stronger or better than others.
Hitler took on these ideas, and stated that Germans were part of a race called ‘Aryans’ who were superior to all others and would one day rule the world. Aryans were said to have blonde hair and blue eyes and be of North European descent. He is very anti Semitic in the book saying that Jews and other groups such as gypsies are subhuman and were bent on destroying Germany. Later on the German people accepted Hitler's political solution of blaming Jewish individuals for the weakened German state. In being able to convince millions of this, Hitler was able to demonize Jewish people, leading ultimately to the Holocaust.
Volume 1 of Mein Kampf was published in 1925 with the second Volume coming in 1927 with the abridged edition appearing in 1930. The book was published by the National Socialist Parties Central Publisher Franz Eher Nachfolger.
Hitler began dictating the book to Hess while imprisoned for what he considered to be "political crimes" following his failed Putsch in Munich in November 1923. Although Hitler received many visitors initially, he soon devoted himself entirely to the book. As he continued, Hitler realized that it would have to be a two-volume work, with the first volume scheduled for release in early 1925. The governor of Landsberg noted at the time that "he [Hitler] hopes the book will run into many editions, thus enabling him to fulfill his financial obligations and to defray the expenses incurred at the time of his trial." In 2016, following the expiry of the copyright held by the Bavarian state government, Mein Kampf was republished in Germany for the first time since 1945.
The first volume, entitled Die Abrechnung (“The Settlement [of Accounts],” or “Revenge”), was written in 1924 in the Bavarian fortress of Landsberg am Lech, where Hitler was imprisoned after the abortive Beer Hall Putsch of 1923. It treats the world of Hitler’s youth, the First World War, and the “betrayal” of Germany’s collapse in 1918; it also expresses Hitler’s racist ideology, identifying the Aryan as the “genius” race and the Jew as the “parasite,” and declares the need for Germans to seek living space (Lebensraum) in the East at the expense of the Slavs and the hated Marxists of Russia. It also calls for revenge against France.
According to Hitler, it was “the sacred mission of the German people...to assemble and preserve the most valuable racial elements... and raise them to the dominant position.” “All who are not of a good race are chaff,” wrote Hitler. It was necessary for Germans to “occupy themselves not merely with the breeding of dogs, horses, and cats but also with care for the purity of their own blood.” Hitler ascribed international significance to the elimination of Jews, which “must necessarily be a bloody process,” he wrote.
The second volume, entitled Die Nationalsozialistische Bewegung (“The National Socialist Movement”), written after Hitler’s release from prison in December 1924, outlines the political program, including the terrorist methods, that National Socialism must pursue both in gaining power and in exercising it thereafter in the new Germany.
In style, Mein Kampf has been appropriately deemed turgid, repetitious, wandering, illogical, and, in the first edition at least, filled with grammatical errors—all reflecting a half-educated man. It was skillfully demagogic, however, appealing to many dissatisfied elements in Germany—the ultra nationalistic, the anti-Semitic, the antidemocratic, the anti-Marxist, and the military.
What was the effect of Mein Kampf?
Reception Of Mein Kampf
The initial reception for Mein Kampf was not impressive: the book sold around 10,000 copies in its first year. The book’s initial purchasers were Nazi Party faithfuls and members of the general public who were anticipating a scandalous autobiography. When Hitler became Chancellor in 1933, approximately 250,000 copies of the book’s two volumes had been sold.
Hitler’s ascension to the chancellorship breathed new life into sales of Mein Kampf. For the first time, in 1933, sales of the full edition eclipsed the one million mark. Several special editions were also created and distributed to the German people. For instance, it became customary for every newlywed couple in Germany to receive a special newlywed’s edition of the work. By 1939, 5.2 million copies had been sold.
At the outset of World War II, additional copies were distributed to each soldier. Copies of the work were also customary gifts for other life milestones such as graduations and births of children. By the war’s end in 1945, the number of copies sold rose to 10 million. However, despite its popularity on the printing presses, most Germans would later admit that they had not read the 700-page, two-volume text to any great extent.
"Mein Kampf" was a clear-cut warning to the world of Hitler's intentions for war and genocide, which may have been recognized and prevented had more people read it outside of Germany, some historians say. Publishers in the United States and the U.K. did produce copies in English prior to the War, but were held up by copyright lawsuits by Hitler's publishers.
Even though many Germany did not actually read Mein Kampf a lot of the ideas in the book were shared by many but not to the extremes that Hitler took it to. Many at the time had anti Semitic views and many followed Hitler as he promised to restore the might of Germany, which many at the time felt had gone due to Versaille Treaty The book was a clear-cut warning to the world of Hitler's intentions for war and genocide, which may have been recognized and prevented had more people read it outside of Germany, some historians say. The delegate for Great Britain in Germany came back months before the war started to warn of Hitlers intentions but sadly it fell on deaf ears. The effect of the book and Hitler made its mark on the world soon after with the bloodiest and most horrific war the world has seen and hopes to never see again.
Mein Kampf after the War
Since the war, the book has remained a flashpoint of controversy, especially in Germany and the former Axis nations.
Worried over its use as propaganda by neo-Nazi groups, Germany and Austria have banned the possession and selling of "Mein Kampf" outright, while some countries restrict its possession to people using the book for academic purposes only. Opponents of the ban argue that the book is a valuable historical document, and that keeping it unavailable only makes it more desirable to right-wing groups.
The books copyright ban expired at the start of 2016 and a edition carefully annotated by academics has been released to the public with many picking it up in Europe.
At this time though many neo-Nazi groups are starting to one again rise due mostly in part to the current refugee crisis currently plaguing Europe.