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Religion in the 1920s
Transcript of Religion in the 1920s
Fundamentalism vs. Modernism
Famous Leaders Causes for the Change in Religion Professor John Dewey made advances in the
There were great advancements in science
Darwinian evolution began to be taught to students
Religious parents were angered and began to take action against
the education system Fundamentalism Movement in the early 20th century
Revival of the Christian faith
Large disagreement with the teaching of evolution in schools
Wanted to defend the "fundamentals of faith" against liberals
Believed in the literal translation of the Bible
Largely made up of people in rural areas
Helped the rebirth of the KKK Modernism Radio Revivalists Radio revivalists were a huge influence helping out the cause of the
Preachers periodically came over the air on the radio and preached the gospel to
They were taking advantage of the growing popularity of the radio to get their
message out to more people, like advertising companies do on Facebook today.
The two most famous radio revivalists were Billy Sunday and Aimee Semple
Mcpherson Billy Sunday Former Major League Baseball player
Attracted by the hymns his mother sang, he became interested in religion
Strong Christian who preached in real life and over the radio
Influenced many people for the cause of Fundamentalism Associated with the city life
Often made up of formed formalists that were influenced by new scientific
Associated with the fast-paced lifestyle
Believed in teaching evolution in schools
Fought for not only educational change, but social change as well
Influenced by Darwin and Dewey Aimee Semple Mcpherson Daughter of a farmer
Grew up in a religious family
Began preaching in 1913
Toured around the United States
Preached on the radio to many listeners
Helped out the cause of the Fundamentalists Scopes Trial A high school biology teacher, John T. Scopes was indicted in
Tennessee in 1925
He was teaching evolution to his students, which was illegal
His attorney was William Jennings Bryan
Scopes was found guilty and fined $100, but the fine was later
dropped on account of a technicality
Summary During the 1920s, religion changed quite a bit. It all started when new scientific discoveries were being made, causing more people to believe in Darwin's theory of evolution. These modernists pushed for better education, including evolution being taught in schools. Many fundamentalists found a revival of their faith in trying to fight to remove evolution from schools. The fundamentalists used sermons in the form of radio broadcasting to help their cause. Religion in the 1920s is similar to the Great Awakening because of people snapping out of their religious lull and the Progressive Education Reform because of Dewey's new learning system that sparked angry fundamentalist parents.
"Roman US History 11." Role of Religion in the
1920s. N.p., 16 Nov. 2010. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
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Buescher, John. "Teaching History.org, Home of the National History Education Clearinghouse." A History of Fundamentalism. Teachinghistory.org, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. <http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/24092>
Epstein, Mark, and David M. Kennedy. Teacher's Resource Guide, The American Pageant: Thirteenth Edition, AP* Edition, Kennedy/Cohen/Bailey. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007. Print.