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Copy of Implied Main Idea

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AMS Literacy

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Implied Main Idea

New Concept:
Stated (
Explicit
) Main Idea
Reading Camp
Main Idea
Review
Main Idea
Main Idea
“The students had fun on their field trip.  They
Visited  the Marine Museum.  They were able
to tour a tug boat and they bought souvenirs
in the gift shop.  After the tours they ate a
picnic lunch in the park and played with their
friends.”
The main idea is the “big point” or the most important idea that the writer is communicating to the reader.

Often the reader can find the main idea just by looking at the title.


For example, a passage titled:
“Why Students Should Have Less Homework”
will include reasons for that idea.
“The Native Americans used the trees to build
their houses. They hunted and trapped animals
in the forest for food. They found roots and
berries that they could eat. Some plants found
in the forest were used for medicine.”

What type of main idea is this?
Implied or Explicit
Ask Yourself….
The Topic Sentence
Supporting Details

Sometimes, a paragraph has a stated main idea usually in the topic sentence. This means the paragraph “says” what the main idea is.
Main Idea
- is like the heart
of the text or a paragraph.
It is the central idea.

All the other
supporting details
in the text or within a paragraph should tell us more about the main idea.
WHO
or
WHAT
is this passage
about?”
Many paragraphs have topic sentences that indicate the main idea.
Find the topic sentence in this paragraph:


Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
Supporting details prove the value of the main idea.

What are they here?


Homeless people have many problems. In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
“The students had fun on their field trip. 
They visited  the Marine Museum.  They were able to tour a tug boat and they bought souvenirs in the gift shop.  After the tours they ate a picnic lunch in the park and played with their friends.”

What is the essential message? What are the supporting details?
Too much information…
-All of the sentences in a paragraph should support the main idea of that paragraph.

-Information that does not support the main idea does not belong in the same paragraph.


-

Take a look at the example on the next slides. Find the “extra” information that does not support the main idea…
“Maria offered to help her mother clean the
house.
She vacuumed the living room and
dusted the furniture. She picked up the toys
in the playroom. She ate a ham sandwich for
lunch. Then, she mopped the kitchen floor.”

Which sentence does not support
the main idea?
“Winter provides the opportunity for many
outdoor activities.
Many people enjoy ice
skating on a pond. Swimming in the pond in
summer can also be fun. Skiing can be a
thrilling experience too. After a new snowfall,
you can even build a snowman!”

Which sentence does not support
the main idea?
Finding Main Idea
You try it…
Try another…

“Soccer players learn many skills when playing soccer. Soccer players learn how to dribble and pass the ball. They also learn how to control the ball so they can eventually score. Most importantly, soccer players learn how to work together with their teammates.”

What is the main idea?
“The rain forest is home to many creatures. Monkeys, toucans and macaws live in the rain forest. Butterflies and anteaters also live in the rain forest.”
Finding The Main Idea not Clearly Stated
Slashing their swords wildly, swordfish swim through schools of fish, trying to slice as many as possible; then they feast. When hooked by fishermen, they have been known to fight nonstop for three or four hours. They have pulled some fishermen to their deaths, and if they are not clubbed senseless when captured, they will slash fishermen on deck. A puncture wound by a swordfish bill means a severe and nearly instantaneous infection. Their sword, which is a bony extension of the upper jaw, is deadly sharp on the sides and can grow to a length of four or five feet. It is a weapon backed up by five hundred pounds of sleek, muscular fish. Swordfish have even been known to attack boats, driving their swords right through the hull and at times sinking them.
IMPLIED MAIN IDEAS
To find the main idea when it is not directly stated, we must ask the same questions we’ve already used to find main ideas:
• An implied main idea is only suggested; it is not clearly stated in one sentence.

• To figure out an implied main idea, we must look at the supporting details.
• Who or what is the paragraph about?
(What is the topic?)
• What is the main point the author is trying to make about the topic?
When we think we know the main point, we can test it by asking:
•Does all or most of the material in the paragraph support this idea?
Researchers who study the “science” of shopping note that men always move faster than women through a store’s aisle. Men spend less time looking, too. They usually don’t like asking where things are, or any other questions. When a man takes clothing into a dressing room, the only thing that stops him from buying it is if it doesn’t fit. Women, on the other hand, try things on as only part of the consideration process, and garments that fit just fine may still be rejected on other grounds. Here’s another contrast: 86 percent of women look at price tags when they shop. Only 72 percent of men do. For a man, ignoring the price tag is almost a measure of his masculinity. As a result, men are far more easily encouraged to buy more expensive versions of the same product than are women shoppers. They are also far more suggestible than women—men seem so anxious to get out of the store that they’ll say yes to almost anything.
The topic of the paragraph is men and women shoppers. Choose the point the author is trying to make about this topic.
A.Men always move faster than women when shopping.
B.Women look at price tags more than men.
C.Men and women behave differently when shopping.
D.Men make more expensive choices when shopping.
“Swimming is one thing that can be done at the beach. Snorkeling is another thing that can be enjoyed. Playing beach volleyball can be a lot of fun. It is also fun to look for shells. Some people simply like to sunbathe.”

What is the implied main idea?
Activity: Main Idea Musial chairs



Please number your papers 1-26
Goal:
I will be able to identify
explicit
and
implied
main Idea
Main Idea Musical Chairs: Answers Key
1. A 14. A
2.C 15.C
3.B 16.B
4.A 17.A
5.B 18.C
6.C 19. B
7.A 20. C
8.B 21. A
9.C 22.B
10.B 23.A
11.B 24.C
12.C 25.A
13.B 26.C

30 seconds to think


Homeless people have many problems.
In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
You should have underlined this
30 seconds to think
Homeless people have many problems.
In winter, it’s hard to stay warm and it gets too hot in summer. It’s also hard to keep things safe without a home. Worst is the lack of privacy.
You should have circled this
“Maria offered to help her mother clean the house. She vacuumed the living room and dusted the furniture. She picked up the toys in the playroom.
She ate a ham sandwich for lunch.
Then, she mopped the kitchen floor.”
This sentence does not belong
10 seconds to think
Why does this sentence not fit?
Swimming in the pond in
summer can also be fun.
10 seconds to think
Sometimes, a paragraph doesn’t have a stated main idea, but has an “implied” main idea. This means that the author does not say the main idea directly in a topic sentence.
You have to find the main idea on your own.
Implicit Main Idea
Ask yourself who or what is this story
mostly

about.
Create a title for this passage
In one word describe the
most important
who or what in this story
What is the most important information?
Full transcript