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Water and Energy

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hai lo

on 7 September 2013

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Transcript of Water and Energy

Water and Energy
Investigation
What is water:
-Water is a liquid that transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that forms seas, rivers, lakes and rain. It is the most abundant compound on the surface of the Earth, covering approximately 71% of the Earth.
What is Energy:
-Energy is the strength and vitality required to sustain both physical and mental activity. Energy was later used as a power source to operate mechanics.
Water Clocks
Water Wheels
Water clocks, is a mechanism which measures time through the regular flow of the water where the water flows in and out of a container where the amount is then measured. There are two different types of water clock, inflow and outflow. An outflow water works by having a container filled with water and leaving to to slowly pour out, line markings are marked onto the container so that when the water drains until it meets a line, the user can tell how much time has passed. Inflow clocks, however are not much different except that it works by having the water to flow out the container and is measured the same way
The water clock is one of the oldest time measuring instruments, most historians claimed that it was first invented at the sixteenth century in Babylon and Egypt, but this claim has been lately proven wrong with the discovery of clepsydras, a water clock that was buried around 1500 B.C. in the tomb of Amenhotep the first.
A water wheel works by spinning along with the river downhill stream. The water wheel works by spinning in motion, activating the mechanics inside the mill. The wheel can either have blades attached to it or buckets around it. Mills back then were used for assisting laborers to accomplish tasks like grinding grain, grinding wood into pulp for paper, foundry work, and powering looms.
The waterwheel is an ancient machine that is operated by the flowing or falling river water to create power by means of a set of paddles mounted around a wheel. The flow of the water moved the paddles, and the following rotation of the wheel is transmitted to machinery via the shaft of the wheel.They were one of the first method of creating energy that replaced humans and animals.
any form of a liquid, such as rain, snow or sleet, that was form from the condensation of the atmosphere, forming until it is too heavy for the atmoshpere to carry, therefore each individual falls onto the Earth's surface
Infiltration is the process after precipitation where the water fell from the sky soaks into the ground starting from the surface.The process continues on until it reaches to a level underground
Evaporation is the process of a liquid being vaporized into vapor without reaching to boiling point, in this case the water have been evaporated through the atmospheric temperature.
Condensation is the phase where the vapor changes state into a liquid state, in fact, this state of change is the reverse of vaporization
Water in religions
Water in many religions represent the symbol of purification and the life of all beings, it was thought that washing in water symbolically destroys spiritual evil and guilt. The culture was spread through many religions as the way of cleansing of a soul.
Poseidon
The fountain of youth



Mechanical energy is that energy that an object gains and keeps due to its motion or position when work is done upon it. For instance, if a man is pushing a car, he transfers chemical energy from his person to the car and the car therefore attains mechanical energy. There are two types of mechanical energy. kinetic energy and potential energy.
Sound energy is a type of energy produced by sound vibrations as they travel through a specific medium. Sound vibrations cause waves of pressure which lead to some level of density and rarefaction in the mediums through which the sound waves travel.
Chemical Energy is energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds (atoms and molecules). Chemical energy is released in a chemical reaction, often in the form of heat. Such reactions are called exothermic. Batteries, biomass, petroleum, natural gas, and coal are examples of stored chemical energy.

Light energy is the potential of work found in light. Chemical, mechanical and radiation procedures form light. This processes transfer their energy to light. This transferred energy is then stored in light and is referred to as light energy.
Electric energy is a form of energy that is absorbed or delivered by an electric circuit. It is also described as energy that results from the conversion of electric potential energy which is the potential energy in a device with electric fields that change with time.
Heat energy is a form of energy where it can only be passed through particles like light, heat can also be affected by different colours and materials of certain objects
Nuclear energy is the energy in the core of an atom. Atoms are tiny units that make up all matter in the universe, and energy is what holds the nucleus together. There is a huge amount of power in an atoms dense nucleus. In fact, the power that holds the nucleus together is officially called the "strong force".
Michael Faraday, FRS was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis
Augustin Mouchot was a 19th-century French inventor of the earliest solar-powered engine, converting solar energy into mechanical steam power.
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-born and later naturalized American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply
Bibliography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustin_Mouchot
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Faraday
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Tesla
http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa071401a.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_wheel
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_cycle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_energy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanical_energy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_energy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_energy
http://violet.pha.jhu.edu/~wpb/spectroscopy/basics.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_power
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