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Salem Witch Trials and The Cold War

English project
by

Hallee Taylor

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Salem Witch Trials and The Cold War

Salem Witch Trials &
The HUAC and McCarthyism By Anna Ahrens & Tess Neel The Witch Trials Cont.
& HUAC McCarthyism & Sources Outcomes Propaganda Sources McCarthyism Key Players The HUAC Salem Witch Trials Eventual Outcome Principle Participants What Happened How it developed Salem Witch Trials Reverend Samuel Parris: Salem’s first ordained minister who was greatly disliked for his rigid ways and greedy nature in 1689
Elizabeth Parris: Reverend Parris’ daughter age 9, who, with her cousin started having “fits” around the house: such as throwing things, saying particular and strange words and sounds, and contorted herself into strange positions.
Abigail Williams: Reverend Parris’ niece, and Elizabeth’s cousin, age 11. Was throwing “fits” along with Elizabeth during the same period of time. Finally a local doctor proclaimed that it was the super natural for both of them.
Ann Putnam: 11 years old, another girl in Salem that experience very similar occurrences.
Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne: two of the local magistrates that pressured the girls to blame the women who were burdening them with these episodes, on Feb. 29
Tituba: Parris’ Caribbean slave, was blamed.
Sarah Good: Homeless beggar was blamed.
Sarah Osborne: elderly impoverished woman was blamed.
Martha Corey: A loyal member of the church in Salem, blamed
Deputy Danforth: The deputy who attended hearings and investigated these trials
Cotton Mather: the man who wrote a letter urged the court to not allow testimony about dreams and visions
Governor Phipps: The man who stopped all of the charges, and replaced the court. Elizabeth and Abby, along with some of the other girls in Salem, started having “fits” around the house: such as throwing things, saying particular and strange words and sounds, and contorted herself into strange positions. Finally a doctor proclaimed that it was the super natural. The magistrates demanded that the girls tell them who was doing this to them, and they blamed it on Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborne. All three women that were blamed were questioned days on end, Osborne and Good claimed to be innocent, but Tituba Confessed.
Tituba describes her visions and confesses that she signed a book that the Devil gave her, and when she did, she saw a lot of other witches names from Salem. Tituba, Osborne, and Good were put in jail after wards. Paranoia was spread through Salem.
More charges were sent against many other women and girls.
Deputy Danforth started to attend the hearings.
People were starting to be blamed in surrounding villages of Salem.
Governor William Phipps, on May 27, 1692, ordered the start of the Special Court of Oyer and Terminer for Suffolk, Essex, Middlesex countries.
Bridget Bishop was teh first to be brought to the special court.
Cotton Mather wrote a letter urged the court to not allow testimony about dreams and visions. But the court ignored that request majorly
Increase Mather who was the president of Harvard, vilified the use of spectral evidence. And Governor Phipps’ response to his plea was prohibiting further arrests and released a lot of the accused witches.
On October 29, Phipps got rid of the Court of Oyer and Terminer, ctually replaced it with a Superior Court Of Judicature, and eventually let all of those who were in jail for witchcraft charges by May of 1693. The eventual outcome was that finally the women that were accused were set free of all charges. And that the spectral court was replaced. And all the women were set free of any witchcraft charges they were accused of. Except 19 women were hanged on Gallows Hill, a elderly woman was pressed to death by heavy stones, several women died in jail, and almost 200 people in total were accused of practicing witchcraft and working with the devil. Martin Dies
J. Edgar Hoover
Joseph McCarthy
Dwight Eisenhower
Alger Hiss 1938
House Un-American Activities Committee
Primary leaders had ties to the KKK
Subpoenas
Pleading the Fifth
Alger Hiss
Hollywood 10
Blacklisting Joseph McCarthy
Republican senator of Wisconsin
Accusing a person of being a communist with no evidence
Grew extremely popular (was on TV, Radios, etc.)
Highly criticized, yet had a lot of support http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&sqi=2&ved=0CEgQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.smithsonianmag.com%2Fhistory-archaeology%2Fbrief-salem.html&ei=SCXFUOHIBYHYywGPwICwCw&usg=AFQjCNEW0ODklBC3WgDuHp5426gie8lTNA&bvm=bv.1354675689,d.aWM
http://www.history.com/topics/house-un-american-activities-committee
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Is_this_tomorrow.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McCarthyism
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmccarthyism.htm
http://www.notablebiographies.com/images/uewb_07_img0472.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Unholy_three.png Dwight Eisenhower was just fine with the communist witch hunts until his military started being investigated. His Secretary of the Army had been accused of helping the Soviets, and Eisenhower, knowing the accusation was preposterous, basically discredited McCarthy and the HUAC from then on. Even though due to McCarthy himself and his support of Eisenhower, helping him gain the presidency, he could no longer continue McCarthy's activities.
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