Transcript of Horseback Riding
Horseback Riding By Eleanor McGuire Horse Vaulting Show Jumping Anatomy of a Horse Horse Vocabulary Racing Rodeos Horse vaulting is like doing gymnastics on the back of a cantering horse. People work together or individually in front of judges, and get scored on how graceful they are. The vaulters perfect the moves on a barrel before they try it on a horse. Instead of a saddle they use a surcingle, which is a wide strap with padded handles on top of a saddle blanket. It was first done in ancient Rome, but became popular in Germany 50 years ago, which is why most of the equipment names are in German. Horse racing has been around since ancient times. The Kentucky Derby is the most broadcast horse race in the United States. The horses that race are 3 years old. It is 1.25 miles and is about 2 minutes long. If a horse wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes they are awarded the Triple Crown. Thoroughbred horses are often used. Rodeos are competitions where people compete in western style events. There is barrel racing, pole bending, trail courses, goat tying, dally ribbon roping, and breakaway calf roping. Prizes in rodeos include saddles and money. Types of horses Basic Riding Horseback Riding People have been riding horse for thousands of years. The two main types of riding are Western and English. There are many different types of horses, which are used for different purposes. Aside from basic riding, people do rodeos, horse vaulting, jumping, racing, and miniature horse shows. Western Riding Western style riding is very popular among kids and adults. Many people start out riding western, before they try other types of riding. A western saddle is usually made of leather and wood, and has a saddle horn, which the lead rope is tied to. Western riding is used in rodeos and by cowboys. Saddle horn Western Style Tack English Riding English riding is also common. It is often used in show jumping and other horse shows. The English saddle is made of leather, but it is more streamlined the the western saddle. Horse racing is done with an English style tack. English riding is usually more formal than western riding. English Saddle There are many different breeds of horses, which are used for different purposes. Large strong horses, such as Clydesdale, are used for vaulting, while ponies are often used with small children. Many horses can be identified by their markings. Appaloosa horses have small spots all over their bodies, while paint horses have large spots. Some breeds have been used for thousands of years, while some are newer. Horse Pictures Appaloosa Paint Clydesdale Thoroughbred Stallion Strawberry Roan Mustang Shetland pony Horse Markings Markings can be used to identify horse breeds and individuals. Leg Markings Coronet Band Pastern Sock Stocking Face Markings Star Stripe Snip Blaze Riding Technique When you ride a horse you sit with your back straight, and feet in the stirrups. You hold the reins out in front of you, using them to guide the horse. When the horse is trotting the rider may post (standing up and sitting down in the saddle with the horses rhythm). While cantering the rider may sit out of the saddle. Bareback Riding Bareback riding is done without a saddle. Riding bareback requires more balance and skill then other kinds of riding.While riding bare back you are more likely to fall off the horse, so only more experienced riders should try it. It is not as safe as other types of riding. The rider holds on with their legs, sitting a little farther forward than usual, and using the reins as normal. Bareback bronc riding is used in rodeos. Bald Faced Bareback Riding Western Riding Miniature Horse English Riding Surcingle Compulsory Competition Moves When competing vaulters perform seven compulsory moves. Mill- the vaulter must turn around the horse with one leg held above the horse. Each of the four positions has to be held for four canter strides. Riding Seat- the vaulter sits on the horse with there arms out in front of them. If she looks down or does not hold it for four canter strides she will lose points. Flag- the rider puts one knee on the horse, and the other leg out behind her and one arm in front of her. She holds on to the surcingle with the other arm. Scissors- the vaulter swings her legs up behind her almost into a handstand.Then she flips over, hands free, to land on the horse, facing backward. It is repeated in reverse. Compulsory Competition Moves Stand- from a kneel the rider jumps on to her feet. She stands up and extends her feet out to her sides. Flank- the vaulter dismounts using a flank. She swings up into a handstand, swings down, gaining momentum. She swings up again and lands on the ground, hopefully on her foot. Stand Flank Mill Basic Riding Seat Flag Scissors Show jumping is competitive jumping. It takes lots of practice and time. The riders start by having the horse step over poles, to get used to lifting it's feet. Then they progress to small fences. When the horse takes off all the weight must be out of the saddle. During the jump the rider has to concentrate on balance. If they lean to far forward it makes harder for the horse. When the horse lands, the rider gives it as much as rein as it needs. During competition the rider and horse go over jumps of different heights. Horse jumping is an Olympic sport. Jumping Triple Crown Winners Sir Barton, 1919Full transcript
Gallant Fox, 1930
Count Fleet, 1943
Seattle Slew, 1977
Affirmed, 1978 Johnny Loftus
Steve Cauthen Horse Jockey Tack- The saddle and reins on a horse
Canter- faster the a walk, slower then a gallop.
Trot- faster then a walk, like a jog.
Saddle-What the rider sits on while riding a horse., usually made of leather. elbow cannon fetlock pastern coronet hock gaskin Dock Croup Loins Withers Crest Poll Shoulder Muzzle Forearm knee hoof Barrel Racing Riders race around three barrels in a clover leaf pattern. The goal is to do it as fast as possible. Pole Bending Riders weave through 6 poles, that are up to 21 feet apart. If they bump into a pole they can catch it, but if it falls they are charged a 5 second penalty. Trail Course The rider rides through a course. While riding they must open a mailbox, close a gate, put mail into the mailbox, back their horse between 2 poles, run over a bridge, and return to the start. It takes about 24 seconds. Goat Tying The rider rides towards goat tied to a post. While the horse is still moving, they jump off and tie three of the goats legs together. The goat does not get hurt. Dally Ribbon Roping People partner up for this event. The "roper" lassos a calf and does a "dally", or wraps the extra rope around the saddle horn. The "runner" runs over to the calf and gets the ribbon that is tied to its tail and runs back to the starting box. Breakaway Calf Roping The rider ties a rope to the saddle horn. With the rest of the rope they lasso a running calf. They then stop the horse so the rope "breaks away" from the saddle horn. Timing stops when the rope hits the ground. Miniature Horses A miniature horse is about the size of a dog. Even though they cannot be ridden there are shows and competitions. There are jumping, cart driving and other events. Jumping The handler leads the horse through a course of jumps up to 2 feet high. If the horse knocks down the jump of refuses to go over it will lose points. Secretariat at the 1973 Belmont Stakes Hunter Classes Hunter classes judge how graceful a miniature horse can be when it jumps. Halter Classes Halter classes judge how the horses pose and how pretty they are. Owners paint the hooves black and apply horse eyeliner to the eyes. Obstacle Classes The horse and handler have to make it through an obstacle course. The course includes a gate, walking on boards, weaving through cones, and going between hay bales. Driving Classes The horse pulls a cart with the handler. Sometimes they walk, other times they trot. They are judged on how well they work together. Connemara Andalusian Standardbred Thank You!!!