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Cultural Relativism vs. Ethnocentrism

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Mabel Medrano

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Cultural Relativism vs. Ethnocentrism

Cultural Relativism vs. Ethnocentrism Culture What is Culture? Cultural Relativism This theory has caused great controversy for three main reasons...
It may interfere with human rights.
It can stop a culture from growing.
We cannot say a culture is inferior to our own.
Cultural Relativism Controversy Ethnocentrism
Culture is a group of people with specific characteristics, traditions, a language, customs, a power/government system. It also has it's own music, food, and literature.

Within this culture there may be subcultures. Ex. Eton students, 12A students, etc.

Cultural universals: these are traits that all cultures have no matter where they are located. Ex. communicating with a language, having a concept of privacy, body ornamentation, etc.
Cultural relativism is a theory that says we cannot judge a culture or its characteristics.
We cannot compare a culture to our culture.
We cannot say our culture is better than any other. Ethnocentrism is a theory opposite to cultural relativism.
This idea consists of being able to judge another culture.
Comparing cultures to one another.
Decide whether one culture is better than another.
Both theories are quite extreme therefore, anthropologists like to stand in the middle. It is nearly impossible to not be biased or to want to compare one culture to another, as a result no theory is strictly enforced. Theories put together.... What are 2 characteristics of culture?
What is one example of cultural relativism?
Why is it controversial?
What is one example of ethnocentrism?
Why is it controversial?
Questions... Rachels , James . "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism." faculty.uca.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct 2012. <http://faculty.uca.edu/rnovy/Rachels--Cultural Relativism.htm>.

Allison, Rob, and Brian Chanen . IB Diploma Course Companion: English A Language and Literature. New York City : Oxford University Press, 2011. Print Works cited:
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