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What is Case Study Qualitative Research?
Insoon Olsonon 3 February 2013
Transcript of What is Case Study Qualitative Research?
EDF: 622 Intent of Case Analysis Intrinsic Case Study Steps which lead to Method Epistemology Three features of case studies: "A case study is an in-depth description and analysis of a bounded system" (Merriam, 2009, p. 40).
"Case study is the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances" (Stake, 1995, p. xi).
"Case study research involved the study of an issue explored through one or more cases within a bounded system" (Creswell, 2007, p. 73). "The case researcher needs to generate a picture of the case and then produce a portrayal of the case for others to see. In certain ways, the case is dynamic. It operates in real time. It acts purposively, encounters obstacles, and often has a strong sense of self" (Stake, 2006). Particularistic Descriptive Heuristic The study focuses on a particular situation, event, program or phenomenon. The end product of a study is rich, "thick" description of the phenomenon under study. The study can bring about the discovery of new meaning, extend the reader's experience, or confirm what is known. Merriam, 2009, p. 43 - 45 Case Study Knowledge More concrete
More developed by reader interpretation
Based more on reference populations determined by the reader. Instrumental Case Study Collective Case Study The focus is on the case itself because the case presents an unusual or unique situation. The researcher focuses on a issue or concern and then selects one bounded case to illustrate this issue. Or multiple case study, one issue or concern is selected, but the inquirer selects multiple case studies to illustrate the issue. Creswell, 2007, p. 74 Theoretical Perspective Methodology Methods Crotty, 1998, p. 4 - 8 The theory of knowledge embedded in the theoretical perspective and thereby the methodology. Ex: Objectivism, Constructionism, Subjectivism The philosophical stance informing the methodology and thus providing a context for the process and grounding its logic and criteria. Ex: Positivism, Interpretivism, Critical Inquiry, Feminism, etc... The strategy, plan of action, process or design lying behind the choice and use of particular methods and linking the choice and use of methods to the desired outcomes. Ex: Experimental, Survey, Ethnography, Grounded, Heuristic Inquiry, Action research, etc. The techniques or procedures used to gather and analyze data related to some research question or hypothesis. Ex: Questionnaire, Observations, Interview, Focus groups, Life history, Narrative, Visual Ethnographic Methods, Comparative Analysis, etc. Outline Procedure for Case Study Step 1: Is case study a good approach?
Clearly identifiable cases with boundaries
Seeks to provide in depth analysis
Or is a comparison of several cases Step 2: Identification of case or cases
Single or collective
Focused on a case or issue (instrumental or intrinsic. Step 3: Data Collection:
Must draw from multiple sources of information
Yin (2011) recommends at least six different types Step 4: Type of analysis:
Holistic of the entire case
Embedded analysis of a specific aspect of the case.
Cross case analysis: thematic analysis across cases Step 5: Researcher reports the meaning of the case:
Meaning comes from the learning about the case (Instrumental)
Learning about an unusual situation (Intrinsic) Creswell, 2007, p. 74 - 75
Yin, 2011 Feature:
Descriptive Intent of Case:
Constructionism Theoretical Framework:
Change theory based upon the work by Fullan, Reeves, Spiro Methodology:
Cross Case Analysis:
Will study three teachers and their lived experience.
Will analyze if there are themes between the teachers
Not include myself (otherwise would be Heuristic Inquiry) Methods:
Video To complete an approved dissertation