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Jazz and Blues

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John Joseph

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Jazz and Blues

JAZZ AND BLUES Ellison and the Influence of Jazz -Ralph Ellison was a rambunctious and hard driven young man when he first took a liking to music. He and his friends believed they could do anything they wanted and grew up incredibly optimistic to any outcome of life.
-Ellison excelled in music at a young age and was trained in a multitude of different instruments. However, Ellison had passion for the trumpet.
-Ellison was blessed with talent and immediately caught the eye of the conductor of the Oklahoma City Orchestra and received training from him. ---Ellison took part in many concerts, celebrations, and town events with the Oklahoma City Orchestra and often spent his time with his friends coming up with ways to become involved with the Harlem Renaissance. - After being awarded a musical scholarship to Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, Ellison left Oklahoma and further his study and love in music. While at the Institute Ellison discovered he had another passion. A passion that finally allowed him to further his dreams of being involved with the Renaissance; writing.
-While at the Institute Ellison excelled both in his music studies and his new found love of writing. Soon his two careers became intertwined. Ellison strived to incorporate the beauty and newness of jazz within his novels.
-Today, looking at his novel "The Invisible Man", jazz is profound within the context and plot of the novel. Jazz is numerously seen while the narrator describes a scene around him. Ellison even wrote the novel in a Jazz format; from short quick paragraphs to suggest the upbeat a rapid notes to long, endless paragraphs to suggest the slow and "blues' sections of a jazz song. It is abundantly clear that Ellison and his writing career is made that much more successful when combined with Jazz. Ellison and the Influence of Jazz Continued Influence of Jazz SOMEONE NEEDS TO FIND A YOUTUBE VIDEO OF A COMPONENTS OF JAZZ VIDEO

-->LOVE DEAREST CONNOR BROCKLEHRUST JaZz In ThE NoVeL "What did I do To be so black and blue?"(12). "Infact,I'maseventhsonofaseventhsonbawnwithacauloverbotheyesandraisedonblackcatbonehighjohntheconquerorandgreasygreens-" (Ellison 176). "Eclecticism is the word. Like a jazz musician who creates his own style out of the styles around him, I play by ear."- Ralph Ellison Influence of Music on Structure Ups and Downs Soul Searching Impromptu So Black and Blue Physical Journey Blazing your own path Why Do this? Symbols of African American Culture Make Jazz, Armstrong, Music, Black Culture, Black suppression, and Black struggles, "Less invisible". THE BEGINNING OF JAZZ Jazz was created in New Orleans around the turn of the 20th century. The music really started taking hold of the U.S. and the world during the Jazz Age of the 1920s, when more advancements in radio and recording technology allowed millions to embrace the jazz culture. JAZZ ORIGINS Jazz was birthed in multicultural New Orleans. HIstorians trace the origins of Jazz to a number of different cultures and societal influences that converged in the 19th century. Most significant was the import of men and women from Africa and West Indies, taken as slaves for America, along with refugees. Slavery, colonialism, and exploitation of African-Americans all play significant roles in the development of African-American music. TYPES Two types of African-American songs were important to the development of Jazz; spirituals and work songs. Spirituals were religious folk songs that slaves sang to express their desire for freedom and their devotion to their faith. Unlike the primarily rhythm-based music of the dances in Congo Square, spirituals were vocal-marked by multiple harmonies and improvised lyrics. Work songs combine the rhythm of work with singing. These songs were used to synchronize a group as they worked together, with a leader calling out and the rest of the group responding. Many historians attribute the call-and-response pattern in jazz to this early form of African-American music. Edward "Duke" Ellington Charlie "Bird" Parker John Coltrane FAMOUS JAZZ MUSICIANS The Structure of Jazz All Jazz is made up of four different parts:

Improvisation- when a player follows a moment of inspiration into unwritten territory, and he or she composes while playing.

Call-and-response pattern- when a soloist, singing or playing, issues a "call" and the other participants sing or play back a "response."

Syncopation- shifting the emphasis of a song's rhythm, or beat pattern, to weak or unaccented beats and notes.

Blue notes- when a musician plays or slides through a scale, flattening some of the notes (playing them a half-step lower than expected). Improvisation This is when someone makes up different beats and music to fill in time in a song. There will be a main part of the song including a couple verses and a chorus, following this will be a series of improvisations going between different instruments. Normally going between the main instrument which is normally a Saxophone or a Trumpet, then it will pass on to a bass, piano, trombone, or drums. Then the main instrument will go back to improvising sometimes until the end of the song or they will go back to the chorus and end. Syncopation In Jazz music there is a certain type of feel called swing feel. Swing is when the notes are made slightly longer than normal. This means that a straight eighth note feel is made to sound longer and drawn out. (Give example). This is the main feeling of Jazz. Wrote over 1,000 compositions. His career spanned for over
50 years. Composed songbooks, scored movie roles,
wrote stage musicals, and went on
many tours. One of the most influential
American Jazz players. Skilled at scat singing
(using a variety of sounds and
syllables instead of words) Well-known for his
charismatic stage presence
and voice. "You can tell the history
of Jazz in four words:
Louis Armstrong.
Charlie Parker"
-Miles Davis A leading figure in the development of bebop,
a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos,
virtuosic technique, and lots of improv. John Coltrane One of the most significant
saxophonists in jazz history. Awarded the Pulitzer Prize Special Citation
for his "masterful improvisation, supreme
musicianship and iconic centrality to the
history of jazz. Miles Davis Famous American Jazz musician, band leader,
and composer. His 1959 album, "Kind of Blue", received its fourth
platinum certification for shipments of at least
four million copies in the US. In 2009, the US HoR passed
a resolution recognizing and
commemorating the album on its
50th anniversary, "honoring the
masterpiece and reaffirming jazz
as a national treasure. Louis Armstrong Matt Brubaker Connor Brocklehurst Conner Green Brett Bertemes ACTIVITY Rex Harrison Louis Armstrong
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