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Transcript of volleyball
The set and hit (or spike) was first developed in the Philippines in 1916 and changed the way the game was played. Later called volleyball due to the fact that players "volleyed" the ball back and forth, the sport was embraced by the US military and was played often in their free time. Soldiers stationed all over the world played volleyball and taught the locals to play as well, inadvertently spreading the sport to many nations.
Originally, there was no limit to the number of players on a team or the number of contacts per side and the game was primarily played from the ground.
Volleyball began indoors, but sometime in the1920's it went to the beach. Indoor Volleyball was added in 1964 and in 1996, beach Volleyball was added.
Volleyball is second only to soccer in worldwide popularity. Approximately 46 million Americans play the game and an estimated 800 million play all over the world. Before the server contacts the ball, get into ready position so that when the ball crosses the net, you will be ready to move to it and pass the ball.
•Put your feet in a wide but comfortable stance (more than shoulder width apart.)
•Bend deeply at your knees, bend forward at the waist and put your weight on your toes.
•Hold your arms loosely slightly in front of you and to your sides.Do not yet connect your hands. Volleyball passing is essential. The team that cannot pass the ball, cannot win the game. It is that simple. Passing the ball begins the play and allows a team to get the ball to its hitters to score points. Learning to pass should be your first priority when learning to play.
The key to passing is ball control – learning to judge how fast the ball is coming, what kind of spin it has on it and how you need to adjust in order to get it to the same spot every time. Serves vary in speed and type, but no matter what kind of serve you get, your goal is to have your pass go right to the top of the setter’s head without making him move. Passing Once you see the serve coming, you’ll need to get both feet behind the ball. Get to the spot quickly and then wait for ball to come to you. Keep your hands free as you move and connect them when you get into position.
•From your ready position, keep your knees bent and move to the right or left with a shuffle or side step. Step out, bring your feet together and then step again.
•When you get to the correct spot, return to ready position with your hips facing your target, or the place you want to ball to go. Avoid making contact with the ball while moving if at all possible. Now that you are in the right spot with your feet behind the ball in ready position, it is time to create your “platform.” The platform is the area between your wrists and your elbow where you will contact the ball.
•With your arms out, face your open palms toward each other, thumbs facing up.
•Close the fingers on one hand to your palm with your thumb up.
•Wrap the other hand around the first while still keeping both thumbs up.
•Place your thumbs down on top of your grasped hands, pointing forward. Make sure your thumbs are lined up right next to each other and at exactly the same height. Do not cross your thumbs.
•Tilt your wrists down toward the floor.
•With your arms locked straight and your hands at waist height, angle your elbows slightly inward as much as you can without changing your hand position. This will expose the flat side of your inner forearm and create your platform. •To control the pass, contact the ball in the middle of your platform, the flat, fleshy area between your elbows and your wrists. Do not contact the ball on your hands, wrists or the inside of your elbows.
•Bump the ball with your hips facing your target. You may need to push it a little to get it where it needs to go.
•To take some speed off of the ball, give a little with your platform when contact is made instead of pushing. In other words, instead of pushing forward with your platform as you contact the ball, do the opposite. Let your arms sink back a little when the ball contacts your forearms. This will take some of the heat off of it and allow you to keep it on your side of the net. Setting Setting is one of the most difficult skills to teach and takes a lot of practice to master. Unlike many of the skills in volleyball, setting requires a super soft touch.
The key is to keep the ball on your fingertips and not ever touch it with your palms or you will be called for a lift. The ball should always remain in motion throughout the entire set and should never be stopped in your hands at any point. The goal is to take the ball into your hands and release it without spin to your hitter
•Make a triangle with your thumbs and forefingers touching each other at the tips
•Place your triangle right above your forehead
•Now separate your forefingers and thumb by an inch or two and cup your hands in the shape of the ball
•When the ball is passed, move your feet quickly to get your forehead directly under the ball if possible
•Face your hips and shoulders toward where you want the ball to go Contact the ball on top of your forehead with only your fingertips, both hands touching the ball at the same time. Your arms and knees should be bent at the point of contact
•Push through with your hands and arms, releasing the ball with straight arms
•As you push with your arms push up with your legs to get more distance on your set
•Follow through once the ball has left your hands so that the backs of your hands are facing each other The volleyball dig can keep your team in the game and is a key skill to develop. When the ball is attacked by your opponent, your job is to keep the ball from hitting the floor. A dig is a pass of a hard-driven ball from the other team. Like a pass, your arm position and platform remain the same. The difference is that the ball is coming from a high point above the net and hit in a downward trajectory. When passing the ball is coming from 30 feet away and usually below the height of the net. You must react quickly and adjust accordingly. Diving It is important to keep your knees bent and remain in a low stance for your ready position. You should be lower than you are to receive serve. Keep your weight balanced on your toes so you can spring forward or to the side to get the ball. Bend at the waist to put your shoulders over your knees and keep your arms out to the side just wider than your knees. Get into position according to the defense your team is playing. You are responsible for getting the ball up in your section of the court. Watch the ball and be ready for anything -- a setter dump, a tip, a hard driven ball or to chase down a hit that goes high off your blocker's hands. Once the ball has been set, watch the hitter to glean any clues about where the ball might be hit. Where are the shoulders facing? Where is the hitter's body in relation to the ball? What are the hitter's placement options? How well is the block set up? Are they taking or giving the line? Is there a hole in the block?
The answers to these questions will help you to get in position to dig the ball. Get in front of the hitter's shoulder. If the block is solid, you may want to move up for the tip. If it is not, stay back, get into the hole and get ready for the hard driven ball. If the ball at a distance from you and you do not have enough time to get there by moving your feet, you may want to dive for it. Take a step toward the ball, reach out with your platform and sprawl, playing through the ball and angling it back toward the setter at the net. Practice diving without the ball so you can learn how to avoid landing hard on your hip, knees or elbows. Always dive out, not down so you can slide, not thump when you hit the floor. If done right, diving should not hurt. Hitting Volleyball hitting ideally takes place on a team's third contact of the volleyball. The hit (or spike) comes after the pass and the set and is also known as an attack or a spike. Hitting is the most exciting skill in the sport of volleyball not only for the player who does it well, but also for the onlookers watching.
It takes good coordination and is one of the more difficult skills to learn. The best way to go about learning how to hit is to split it up into separate parts. Four-Step Approach
•Line up just behind the 10-foot line with your left foot slightly in front of your right, arms at your sides.
•Take a step forward with your right leg, followed by a step forward with your left leg.
•Hop or plant your feet quickly with your right and left foot in quick succession. Your left foot should still be slightly in front of the right and your hips and shoulders should be facing the setter. Think of it as “right – left – hop,” or “right – left – then a quicker right-left.” Try this in slow motion and then speed up until it is a jog and eventually a run.
•Bend at the knees and jump. Use the forward momentum from your approach and as you hop, transfer that energy straight upward (do not drift too far forward) so you won’t end up in the net. Swing both arms behind you as you plant your feet.
•Swing both arms in a sweeping motion from behind you to in front of you and straight up over your head. Use this quick arm motion to lift yourself higher in the air when you jump.
•Middle Blockers and some Outside Hitters use a shorter three-step approach to get to the ball more quickly. To try this, just eliminate the first step with your right leg. Keep Ball in Front – The ball should always be in front of your hitting shoulder when you attack. With experience you will begin to be able to judge where the ball will end up even as it leaves the setter’s hands. Approach and place yourself just behind that spot to give yourself the option to hit it anywhere you like.
If the ball is too far out in front of you, you will only be able to tip, or lightly play it over to the other side. If the ball is too far behind you or out to the side, you can only contort in the air in an attempt to loop it over.
•Once you’re in the air, pull your left arm down quickly, pull in your abdominals and in one fluid motion, pull your hips and shoulders around as you strike the ball. It is important to put your whole body into your attack, not just your arm and shoulder.
•Strike the upper back section of the ball hard and in a downward motion. The goal is to make contact with the ball at the top of your leap, with a straight hitting arm, an open hand and spread fingers. The most difficult part of hitting is timing – getting to the ball so that you can hit it at the top of your reach and your jump. Some say you should start your approach when the ball is at the peak of its arc and starts coming down. That is a good rule of thumb when you are just starting out, but there are many variables that this tactic doesn’t take into consideration, such as the speed of your approach and the height of your vertical jump.
The best thing to do is practice repeatedly. Try approaching at different points in the set arc and at different speeds. Get a feel for when you need to begin your approach in order to contact the ball with perfect timing.
Tip: If you are coming down when you contact the ball, you’re jumping too early. If you are hitting the ball next to your head instead of with a straight arm, you’re too late. Tipping Clue #1: The Shoulder
The first clue in reading the attacker is to take a good look at his hitting shoulder. As you get more advanced in volleyball, you'll find that hitters become more adept at showing one thing and hitting another. But for the most part, the position of their shoulder will give their intentions away. Pay close attention to where the ball is in relation to the hitter's shoulder. Is he in good position to hit anywhere he likes? Or has he given himself only the cross-court option? If you are blocking solo, line yourself up directly in line with the hitter's shoulder and the ball. But as the next tip explores, keep your eyes open because that is not all there is to it. Clue #2: The Eyes
You got your feet to the hitter and you're lined up on his hitting shoulder and the ball. Now if you can, pay attention to where the hitter is looking. There are not a lot of hitter's that can attempt the no-look attack. So it is safest to assume the hitter will go where their attention is. Do they have their eye on the seam in the block? Did they just notice that they have a truck of line? Did they just see that your defense is deep and that the tip is open? Hitters aren't the only ones who can be deceptive. If you see they've made a decision with their eyes and you think you have a chance to stop them, you can move your block at the last minute to take away a shot they think is wide open. Drop your hand to close the seam, get a touch on that line shot for a soft block or do a half jump so you can get back down to the ground and pick up that tip. The key is to make sure you do not sacrifice your blocking form. If you do, you become a target for the tool and your team will suffer. If you can't make the move well, just stay where you are and trust that your defense will come through. Clue #3: The Tendencies
This is where some pre-game prep comes in. Watch the team you're going to play beforehand, either on video or in another match of the tournament. Pay attention to the starters in your position who you are likely to match up against. All hitters have tendencies. Do they always tip the tight set? Do they go high off the hands on the outside sets? Can they hit line if you give it? If you can factor in what they usually do in a certain situation and add that to your read on their shoulders and their eyes, you will give yourself and your team a real advantage. Serving serving is one of the most fundamental skills in volleyball. Anyone can do it – you don’t have to be tall or unusually strong. All you have to do is practice. And you’re in luck, because it is the one skill in volleyball you can practice by yourself. Just find a court, get a bucket of balls and keep serving.
If you can master the art of the serve and keep your opponents off balance, they won’t be able to make a perfect pass. If they can’t make a perfect pass, they will likely not get a perfect set. If they can’t get a perfect set, they will have trouble putting the ball away and your blockers will be able to set up on their hitter early since it will be obvious where the ball is going. But it all starts with the serve. •Stand behind the end line with your left foot and hip slightly ahead of your right.
•Point your front foot forward.
•Your back foot should be in a comfortable position pointing slightly to the right to keep you balanced.
•Place the ball in the palm of your left hand. Your left palm should be facing up.
•Place your right hand on top of the ball. Your right palm should be facing down.
•Hold your arms out towards the court with a slight bend in your elbows for comfort and your left shoulder slightly in front of your right just like your feet and your hips. •Lower your left hand slightly and push the ball up in the air. The ball should come off your palm with no spin. Do not let it roll off of your fingers.
•Toss the ball about two feet above your head directly in line with your right arm. If you let your toss drop, it should land about a foot in front of you on your right side. You will be taking a step forward with your left foot as you serve, so it is important that your toss be just in front of you, not behind or too far in front so that you have to chase it.
•Practice your toss repeatedly so that you can do it the same way every time. If you make a bad toss, just let it drop. It is legal in volleyball to do so, and you’ll get a second chance to get it right. But make sure your second toss is good because you will have to serve this one. •As you toss the ball with your left hand, bring your right hand up and back so that your palm is now facing the net and your forearm is perpendicular to the floor.
•Step straight forward with your left foot and as you swing your arm, bring your hips around until they are square to the net to get a little more power.
•Keep your eye on the ball and strike it just above and in front of your head with the palm of your hand. When you contact the ball make sure to spread your fingers, keep your hand and wrist stiff and strike the middle of the back of the ball solidly.
Tip: Unlike when you are hitting, you do not need to contact the ball at the top of your reach and swing in a downward motion. You need the ball to travel 30 feet forward just to get to the net. To hit the back line it needs to travel 60 feet. Contact the ball with a slightly bent elbow and put enough power behind it to get it up and over the net but inside There are six numbered service areas on the court. Your coach or your team may want you to serve to a certain person if they are a weak passer or if you want to slow a player down to make them less available to hit the ball on the third contact. The service areas split the court in to six sections starting with area one in deep left and are numbered counter clockwise. Some coaches may number the areas clockwise, but counter clockwise is the most common.
Deep serves land in the back half of the court in areas 1, 5 and 6. Short serves land in the front half of the court in areas 2, 3 and 4.
Short serves are the most difficult to handle if they land in front of the 10-foot or three meter line. In order to do that you will need to take some power off the ball and get more of an arc on your serve than if you are aiming deep. A good deep serve clears the net by a couple of feet or less and lands near the back line. THE SERVE
( A ) Server must serve from behind the restraining line ( end line ) until after contact.
( B ) Ball may be served underhand or overhand.
( C ) Ball must be clearly visible to opponents before serve.
( D ) Served ball may graze the net and drop to the other side for point.
( E ) First game serve is determined by a volley, each subsequent game shall be served by the previous game loser.
( F ) Serve must be returned by a bump only. no setting or attacking a serve. The Rules SCORING
Rally scoring will be used.
There will be a point scored on every score of the ball.
Offense will score on a defense miss or out of bounds hit.
Defense will score on an offensive miss, out of bounds hit, or serve into the net.
Game will be played to 25 pts.
Must win by 2 points. ROTATION
Team will rotate each time they win the serve.
Players shall rotate in a clockwise manner.
There shall be 4-6 players on each side. PLAYING THE GAME ( VOLLEY )
Maximum of three hits per side.
Player may not hit the ball twice in succession ( A block is not considered a hit ).
Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on serve.
A ball touching a boundary line is good.
A legal hit is contact with the ball by a player body above and including the waist which does not allow the ball to visibly come to a rest.
If two or more players contact the ball simultaneously, it is considered one play and the players involved may not participate in the next play.
A player must not block or attack a serve.
Switching positions will be allowed only between front line players. ( After the serve only ). BASIC VIOLATIONS
Stepping on or over the line on a serve.
Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully.
Hitting the ball illegally ( Carrying, Palming, Throwing, etc. ).
Touches of the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play. If the ball is driven into the net with such force that it causes the net to contact an opposing player, no foul will be called, and the ball shall continue to be in play.
Reaching over the net, except under these conditions:
1 - When executing a follow-through.
2 - When blocking a ball which is in the opponents court but is being returned ( the blocker must not contact the ball until after the opponent who is attempting to return the ball makes contact). Except to block the third play.
Reaches under the net ( if it interferes with the ball or opposing player ).
Failure to serve in the correct order.
Blocks or spikes from a position which is clearly not behind the 10-foot line while in a back row position. THE COURT
Both indoor and outdoor courts are 18 m x 9mi (29'6" x 59').
Indoor courts also include an attack area designated by
a line 3 m (9'10") back from the center line.
Lines on the court are 5cm (2" wide).
Net height for men, co-ed mixed 6, & outdoor is 2.43 meters or 7'11-5/8".
Net height for women, 7'4-1/8".
The height of the net shall be 8'.
The ball weighs between 9 and 10 ounces. Ball pressure is between 4.5 and 6.0 pounds
"Ace" : When the ball is served to the other team, and no one touches it.
"Sideout" : When the team that served the ball makes a mistake, causing the ball to go to the other team.
"Roof": When a player jumps above the height of the net, and blocks the ball.
"Stuff": When a player jumps about the height of the net, blocks the ball, and the ball goes
back at the person who attacked(spiked) the ball.
"Dig": When a player makes a save from a very difficult spike.
"Kill": When a team spikes the ball and it either ends in a point or a sideout. By: Dennis Ibarguen And