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Ilaria Mallardo

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of UN

World War II's aftermaths
...and where does it
come from?
was founded on 25 April 1945 after World War II with the Conference on International Organization that began in San Francisco attended by governments and non-governmental organizations involved in drafting the United Nations Charter
replace the League of Nations,
stop wars between countries,
provide a platform for dialogue

US President Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first to coin the term 'United Nations' as a term to describe the Allied countries

it was made up by five permanent members of the Security Council—France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the UK and the US—and

by a majority of the other 46 signatories
Cold War Era
Contraposition between USA and URSS paralysed the organization.
In 1947 the General Assembly created the new territory of Israel for the Jewish.
In 1960, the United Nations Operation in the Congo (UNOC) brought the State of Katanga back to the control of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Post Cold War Era

UN saw a radical expansion in its peacekeeping duties:
Negotiation to the Salvadoran Civil war
Peacekeeping mission in Nambia
Oversee of democratic elections in post-apartheid South Africa
Authorization of a Us-led coalition to repulse the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
Failure of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
The UN mission in the 1991–2002 Sierra Leone Civil War was supplemented by British Royal Marines
UN-authorization in 2001 to invade Afghanistan was overseen by NATO
In 2013,UN wrote a review of the organization's actions in the final battles of the Sri Lankan Civil War in 2009
United Nations

Intergovernmental organization that promotes: co-operation in international law,
international security,
economic development,
social progress,
human rights,
civil rights,
civil liberties,
political freedoms,
achievement of lasting world peace
....but what's UN?
League of Nations

Intergovernmental organization
founded after the Paris Peace Conference
First international organization:
to maintain world peace
lack of representation for colonial people
Significant participation from US, USSR, Germany, and Japan
...but why did it end up being unsuccessfully?
UN organization:
six principal organs
The General Assembly
The Security Council
The Secretariat
The Trusteeship Council
The International Court of Justice
The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
The General Assembly
The Security Council

The Economic and Social Council
The Secretariat
The International Court of Justice
The Trusteeship Council
(Not currently active)
Deliberative assembly of all UN member states (They use parliamentary procedure to make decisions)
Decides on the admission of new members, following proposal by the UNSC(United Nations Security Council)
Elects the non-permanent members of the UNSC, all members of ECOSOC ( Economic and Social Council), the UN Secretary General following proposal by the UNSC
Each country has one vote
It concerns the international security issues
Responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security
Has 15 members: 5 permanent members with veto power, and 10 elected members
May adopt compulsory resolutions (UN resolutions adopted by the 15 members of the Security Council)
(For global economical and social affairs)

Responsible for cooperation between states on economic and social fields
Coordinates cooperation between the numerous specialized agencies of the United Nations
Has 54 members, who are elected by the General Assembly with a three-year mandate
Agencies of the United Nations
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
The World Trade Organization (WTO)
(Administrative organ of the UN)
Supports the other UN bodies administratively, e.g., in the organization of conferences, writing reports and studies, and the preparation of the budget-plan
Its chairperson - the UN Secretary General (Ban Ki-moon) - is elected by the General Assembly for a five-year mandate and is the most important representative of the UN.
For administering trust territories (successors of the remaining League of Nations mandates- ex colonies)
It's inactive since the last trust territory (Palau) attained independence in 1994.
It is the Universal court for international law
Decides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction and issues on legal opinions
Its 15 judges are elected by the UN General Assembly for nine-year terms. It renders judgement with relative majority
Full transcript