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Chapter Nine : Identity and Intercultural Communication

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Reez Iskandar

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Chapter Nine : Identity and Intercultural Communication

Age Identity
how someone at our age should act, look and behave - establish the character

different generations often have different philosophies, values and ways of communicate

baby boomers/ gen X (late 70's to 80's)
gen Y (between 1982 to 2001)
gen Z ( between 2001 till date)

age somehow reflects culture, action, perception, behavior and mostly attitude
Chapter Nine : Identity and Intercultural Communication
by: Mohd Noriskandar Arbain

Understanding Identity
Self - what we're born with e.g gender, physical character

Identity created by development of the self - self concept, communictaion over long period of time
identities are created
in spurts
not in smooth. orderly process but in spurts

sometimes we know who we are but other times we confused

let see the example!
Social and Cultural Identities
Chapter Outline
1. Understanding Identity

2. Social and Cultural Identities

3. Identity Development

4. Multicultural Identity
Understanding Identity
Self - what we're born with e.g gender, physical character

Identity created by development of the self - self concept, communictaion over long period of time
Identity created through communication
Communication message exchange between person ; negotiated co-created, reinforced and challenged

Different identities emphasize depends on whom and what we are communicating
social conversation - someone we attracted to, such as gender or sexual orientation

comm will probably success when the person we think most important

look at example page 95
recent technologies also play its part

is person keeps on texting or in social media, they only able to transcend thier message but not their personality - diminished sense of identity
Physical Ability Identity
a knowledge of self based on characteristics related to body, temporary or permanent - eg: sight, hearing and weight

look example on page 107
National Identity
known as national citizenship

what is mean to be Malaysian citizen? how you identify Malaysian and what are differences

often influenced by how one's country is perceived on the world stage
a sense of belonging to a group that share similar economic, occupational or social status

class plays important role in shaping our reactions and interpretation of culture

eg: rempit, bohsia, pelacur

food, langunge and communication style - reflect is as well
Regional Identity
closely related to national identity but different in terms of how the regional do or practice way of life

some can lead to national independence movements but mostly distinctive cuisine, dress, manners and sometimes language
Identities are multiple
because we belong to various groups, we develop identities that come into play at different times depending on the context

context - situation based on consentual basis
Identities are influence by society
societal forces related to history, economics and politics also have strong influence

our identites restrained based what is already become regular pattern or the community

example on page 97 para 2

How do you yourself as "Anak Malaysia"?
identities are dynamic
particular identities are always changing

for example the terms of woman - past and present.
Identities are developed
in different ways in
differen culture
"know who they are" - US

budaya timur - how our malaysian try to view this perception as our own

tradition and custom

language as part of the changes
sexual identities
complex, particularly since different cultures organize sexualities in different ways

most likely refer on orientation - how individual interact to each other. closely over sexual attraction

culturally, normal culture will be heterosexual
gender identity
the identification with the cultural notions of masculinity and femininity and what it means to be men or woman

the distinction is very important in understanding our views on biological sex influence gender identities
Racial and Ethnic identity
identity with particular racial or ethnic group

although in the past racial groups were classified on the basis of biological characteristics, most scientist now recognize that race is constructed in fluid social and historical contexts
Ethnic identity
reflects a set of ideas about one's own ethnic group membership

includes self-identification, knowledge about it and feelings of belonging.
religious identity
a sense of belonging to a religious group

beliefs, name, practice will be one factor to identify it

certain countries when they acknowledge as religious country, some controversy can occur

malaysia - islam but allow other religion to practice
Class identity
Personal identity
a person's notion of self. may not be unified or coherent

while we think who we are, we also who others think we are

if you think you looking good, are other look at you the same way too?
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