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The Secularization Movement
Transcript of The Secularization Movement
bishops insisted on visiting the parishes that were being run by regular priests. But the regular priests refused these visits.
1774, Archbishop Basilio Santa Justa
decided to uphold the diocese’s authority over the parishes and accepted the resignations of the regular priests. He assigned secular priests to take their place. Since there were not enough seculars to fill all the vacancies the Archbishop hastened the ordination of Filipino seculars
A royal decree was also issued on November 9, 1774, which provided for the secularization of all parishes or the transfer of parochial administration from the regular friars to the secular priests.
The issue soon took on a racial slant. The Spaniards were clearly favoring their own regular priest over Filipino priests.
Father Pedro Pelaez 1812-1862
RELIGIOUS ORDERS TOOK CONTROL OF THE PARISHES IN THE PHILIPPINES
Together, let us unearth what happened during the Movement!
The Secularization Movement
The Secular and the Regular priest.
Secular- belonged to religious orders.
Regular- did not belong to any religious order
Father of Secularization Movement in the Philippines.
Pelaez was born on June 29, 1812
One might wonder, how did Filipinos become members of the clergy?
esuits were expelled from the Spanish colonies by King Carlos I in 1768
•Thus, the secularization of the clergy began with the ordination of Filipino priests.
The term "Filipino" during the colonial period referred to a descendant of mixed parentage (Spanish father and native mother). At that time, there were approximately 300 Filipino secular priests.
His request was granted on the following conditions: (1) Filipino priests should pass the National Board Examination, (2) The topnotcher of the board examination would automatically become the Parish Priest of the Manila Cathedral,
(3) The Parish Priest of the Manila Cathedral would be ex officio the Capitular Vicar of the Cathedral Canons, and (4) In the demise of the Archbishop of Manila, he becomes ipso facto the Acting Archbishop of Manila.
• On April 18 ,1862, Archbishop Jose Aranguren passed away
• Queen Isabella II in 1859
•On September 10, 1861, Queen Isabella II
•On June 3, 1863, while Archbishop Pelaez
The Augustinian Friars (Order of Saint Augustine)
1565 in the expedition of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Fray Andres de Urdaneta, OSA.
Provincia Agustiniana del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas. (Augustinian Provovince of the Most Holy Name of Jesus of the Philippines.
Up to 1578 the Augustinians were the only missionaries in the Islands, and also they are the first missionaries in the Philippines.
•By the end of the 16th century
•From 1565 to 1898 close to 3,000 Augustinians worked in the Philippines.
•made an invaluable contribution to the material and cultural progress in the country.
•They directed the building of churches, schools, roads, channels for irrigation and organized the towns
• Here it was born and from here it channeled its missionary activity to other countries in Asia. Soon after the Province of Cebu was erected, the Vicariate was renamed Vicariate of the Orient, a name that goes better with each actual mission and each specific purposes.
How did the Augustinians relate in the Filipino Nationalism?