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Break-down of The Constitution: Articles IV, V, VI, VII
Transcript of Break-down of The Constitution: Articles IV, V, VI, VII
Article IV Section 1
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
Article IV Section 11
The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States. A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
Article IV Section III
New states may be admitted by the Congress into this union; but no new states shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of the legislatures of the states concerned as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular state.
States must respect and honor the state laws and court orders of other states, even if their own laws are different.
Congress also has the power to determine how states recognize and enforce the record and laws or other states .
States cannot discriminate against the citizens of other states.
When a criminal commits a crime in one state and flees to a second state, the second state is then obligated to bring the criminal back to the first state in which the crime took place. (extradition)
Congress can admit new states into the Union, However, they cannot create a state from the previous state’s boundaries nor by joining two or more states
Congress also has power to regulate and sell territories of the U.S.
Article IV Section IV
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature can-not be convened) against domestic Violence.
Each state must be run as a representative democracy as opposed to a dictatorship or monarchy
The Congress is also obligated to help any state that undergoes invasion whether it be from a foreign country or from within
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.
• Discusses how the Constitution might be changed, what amendments can be made, and the manner in which the changes can and should be made.
• It takes 2/3 of Congress to deem necessary the proposal of new amendments.
• Requires a minimum of 2/3 the House of Representatives, as well as the Senate for amendments to pass.
• Requires a minimum of 3/4 of all states included in the vote for amendments to pass.
• They made these processes knowing that new ages would bring new ideas and challenges, and to stay relevant, they made it able to be modified.
Article V, Continued
Amendments proposed in:
Article VII of the Constitution purpose was to set the minimum requirement of the number of states needed to ratify/approve Constitution in order for it to take effect in the United States and provides the correct way in which the states may ratify it.
In Article VII it states that 9 of 13 states is “sufficient for the establishment” of the Constitution.
On September 17, 1787, the delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention approved and signed the proposed replacement, known now as the U.S. Constitution, for the Articles of Confederation.
Article VI: General Provisions
Debts that were/or proposed and enforced during the Articles of Confederation are valid under the Constitution.
Article VII ..continued
27th Amendment proposed on: September 25, 1789.
Section II :The Constitution and other federal laws and
treaties are the supreme laws of the U.S
This is the most important section of the Constitution
state laws can be made to make federal laws stronger not weaker
state and local laws have to be in accordance with the supreme laws of the lands (the federal laws)
Also on this day the drafting process was complete and the ratification process began. The ratification process did not end until Rhode Island, the final state, ratified the constitution on May 7, 1780.
The Constitution was ratified in this order....
Date State Votes Yea Nay %Approval
1 December 7, 1787 Delaware 30 0 100%
2 December 12, 1787 Pennsylvania 46 23 67%
3 December 18, 1787 New Jersey 38 0 100%
4 January 2, 1788 Georgia 26 0 100%
5 January 9, 1788 Connecticut 128 40 76%
6 February 6, 1788 Massachusetts 187 168 53%
7 April 28, 1788 Maryland 63 11 85%
8 May 23, 1788 South Carolina 149 73 67%
9 June 21, 1788 New Hampshire 57 47 55%
10 June 25, 1788 Virginia 89 79 53%
11 July 26, 1788 New York 30 27 53%
12 November 21, 1789 North Carolina 194 77 72%
13 May 29, 1790 Rhode Island 34 32 52%
Total: 1071 577 65%
Section III: The federal and state officers have to take an oath swearing to support the Constitution.
693 amendments in a total of 7 years
Being sworn in to office means that they support the supreme law of the land (Constitution).
Section I: The debts of the Confederation are taken over
The Break-Down: Article VII
Each party must follow the neccesary step to implement obligations in the Convention.
Each state must coooperate with all other parties in attendence and must be able to facilitate the implementations of the obligations.
During this process, the parties must make it their highest priority to ensure the safety of the people and the environment.
Each party must notify the National Authority in order to actually have the convention.
Also must notify the legislative and administrative organizations needed to implement the convention.
Must make sure all matter discussed in the convention are kept confidential.
Finally, all parties must take the necessary steps in order to ensure that the obligations implemented in convention function properly in the real world.
This Concludes the Break-Down of