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Transcript of Shakespeare's Dramaturgy
Elements of Drama in Shakespearean Theater
Types of Drama
Drama in which characters experience a reversal of fortune, usually for the better. Comedies usually end happily.
Drama which captures actual historical events and people. These plays make social commentary about civil war, royal succession and the fall of the Medieval political system
Drama in which characters experience a reversal of fortune, usually for the worse. In a tragedy the characters usually suffer
Shakespeare's comedies are light-hearted and funny,
though maybe not by our modern standard of humor.
Shakespearean comedies are built around 5 characteristics.
People are often mistaken for someone they are not This could be through
Mixed Up Twins
There are often multiple plot lines, multiple
stories occurring at the same time. These stories
intertwine in interesting and funny ways.
Lots of Foreshadowing
Lots of Situational Irony
Puns are simply a play on words, something
Shakespeare is famous for. Today his puns may be difficult to understand but for his audience they were clever.
"Give me a torch. I am not for this ambling. Being but heavy, I will bear the light."
Comedies end with love prevailing; the
characters usually end up married or with plans
Tragicomedies: a sub genres with serious overtones and plots but the comedic happy ending
All Shakespeare's plays, but especially his comedies are famous for the insults. They may sound more silly than harsh insults today, but to his audience they were foul.
Make Your Own Insults
Shakespeare's histories would be more accurately called "English History Plays" because most are based on the lives of English Kings. These plays have three basic characteristics.
These plays dramatize the Hundred Years War with France. Many of these plays capture the same character at different times in their life; Henry, Richard II, Richard III
Not Historically Accurate
Remember, Shakespeare was in the business of making money, his purpose was to entertain the audience. Sometimes this meant embellishing the truth or just making things up to please the audience.
these plays reveal more about Shakespeare's time than the actual events, they reveal a social bias
These plays present us with all kinds of characters from lowly-beggars to the monarchy. In fact, it is not uncommon for characters from both ends of the social strata to play scenes together.
Shakespeare's tragedies must include a hero with a tragic flaw or weakness. It is this flaw that ultimately leads to their end. There are three characteristics that Shakespeare used to build these stories.
The Tragic Flaw
The tragic flaw is called the Hamartia. In every tragedy the noble hero, the protagonist who is involved in most of the action has a weakness. This weakness usually ends in their own death.
Romeo's Flaw - doesn't think things through
Juliet's Flaw - unquestionable loyalty
Because of the social belief in the supernatural, witchcraft, fairies, and ghosts, Shakespeare added them to his plays. Supernatural forces are...
often the catalyst (conflict) that starts the hero's downfall
actual forces seen or felt by others, not just imaginary
In all of Shakespeare's tragedies the hero dies.
Romeo and Juliet both die
Things You Didn't Know About
Shakespeare did not graduate from college. In fact it is believed that his wife and their children were most likely illiterate.
Some scholars question whether or not Shakespeare actually wrote his plays, over 50 other authors have been suggested.
Shakespeare is responsible for over 1700 words in our current lexicon, like swagger.
Shakespeare is the 2nd most quoted author in the English language.
Shakespeare's named is spelled at least 80 different ways, even by the bard himself.
Shakespeare wasn't interested in creating classic literature, he wrote plays to make money.
Shakespeare also wrote poetry. Because of the plague outbreak from 1592-1594, all theater houses were closed. During this time Shakespeare wrote the bulk of his poetry.
7 Ages of Man Project
1. Read and annotate the poem
2. Define the intro and 7 stages of man
3. Create a Prezi or Powerpoint with your interpretation
4. Incorporate a graphic for each stage and your written interpretation