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History Project: The Underground Railroad
Transcript of History Project: The Underground Railroad
SLAVES FREE AT LAST
On December 6, 1865 the 13th amendment was ratified. This document formally abolished slavery in the United States. This document is the fruits of the labors of countless abolitionists. A special thanks is given to:
Frederick Douglas was separated from his mother and raised by his grandmother until she took him to a plantation to be sold into slavery. When Frederick was 8 years old, he was sent to Baltimore to live as a house boy with Hugh and Sophia Auld. Sophia taught him how to read until her husband forbade it because teaching slaves to read was against the law. So, Frederick would ask other boys in his neighborhood to teach him, in exchange for food.
Frederick was inspired to become a writer at the age of 13 when he purchased a copy of The Columbian Orator, which was a popular schoolbook. The schoolbook helped him understand writing and literature. Eventually, Frederick returned to Maryland and experienced terrible conditions as a slave. However, by the time he was 20 he escaped from slavery. After receiving his freedom he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts and married Anna Murray. He also began attending abolitionist meetings.
In 1841 Frederick became a speaker for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and he also became William L. Garrison’s colleague. Frederick started publishing books about his life, slavery, and the Underground Railroad. He continued to be an advocate for the Anti-Slavery Society and he started standing up for women’s rights. Frederick even attended the Women’s Rights Convention in 1848. On the other hand, he continued working with his mentor, William L. Garrison. However, the two abolitionists did have their differences. William thought the U.S. Constitution was a pro-slavery document but Frederick disagreed with him.
During the Civil War, Frederick became a trusted advisor to Abraham Lincoln and he helped recruit northern blacks for the Union Army. After the Civil War was over, Frederick continued to fight for women’s rights until he died on February 20, 1885 in Rochester, New York.
The Underground Railroad was a system that helped runaway slaves escape to the north so they could be free. The Underground Railroad wasn’t run by one single person or one single organization. However, many people, both black and white, helped the process of the Underground Railroad continue. The Railroad was mainly used by slaves to escape to the north. It has been estimated that at least 100,000 slaves were able to escape by using the Underground Railroad, between 1810 and 1850. Helping a slave run away to the north wasn’t easy, because there were many steps to freedom. First, you have to escape from your slave master, and then you would have to travel 10- 12 miles to get to the next “station”. Most slaves would rest, eat, and hide out. Other runaways would travel by train or boat. The money for transportation was donated by many people and organizations. There were many people who made huge contributions to the Underground Railroad. For example, there was Levi Coffin, John Fairfield, and Harriet Tubman. Works Cited
Altman, Linda Jacobs. Slavery and Abolition in American History. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 1999. Print.
Bial, Raymond. The Underground Railroad. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1995. Print.
"Frederick Douglass." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1539.html>.
"Frederick Douglass." Western New York Suffragists -Winning the Vote. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.winningthevote.org/F-FDouglass.html>.
"Our Documents - 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery (1865)." Welcome to OurDocuments.gov. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=old&doc=40>.
"A Short Biography of Fredrick Douglass." Fremarjo Enterprises. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.frederickdouglass.org/douglass_bio.html>.
"Underground Railroad--History of Slavery, Pictures, Information." National Geographic - Inspiring People to Care About the Planet Since 1888. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.nationalgeographic.com/railroad/>. People who contributed... And they enjoyed it... Fedrick Douglas William Lloyd Garrison
William Lloyd Garrison was born in 1805 in Newbury Port, Massachusetts. By 1818 Garrison had a job for a local newspaper. There, he worked as an editor and writer. When he is 25 he joins an abolition organization called American Colonization society. This society believed free blacks should move to the West Coast of Africa. Eventually, Garrison found out that the Colonization Society just wanted to get rid of Blacks, not set them free. This is the reason why Garrison left the society in 1830. In 1831, Garrison opened his own newspaper, he called it the Liberator.
Garrison used the Liberator as a way to speak out against slavery. He would also express his views that all slaves should be freed immediately. This made him unpopular with both northerners and southerners. Many people called Garrison a radical abolitionist because of this view that the U.S. Constitution was pro-slavery. This anti-political view eventually led to Garrison and his friend Frederick Douglass to have an argument.
Garrison founded the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833, and he was the president of the society from 1843-1865. Garrison also aided the organization of the Western Anti-Slavery Society. Through these societies he continued to help spread opinions on slavery. Garrison called for a new government in which slavery wouldn’t be allowed. This was another view that put him in conflict with the members of his society.
In 1840, the American Anti-Slavery split. Two extra groups, The Liberty Party and the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, came out of this split. After the split, Garrison continued his abolitionist work through the Liberator. He also continued publishing the newspaper until 1865, after the Civil War was over and the 13th Amendment was signed. After that happened, William Lloyd Garrison had achieved his goal. William Lloyed Garrison Overview Video http://www.wwhp.org/Resources/Slavery/grimkesisters.html They both grew up in a slave owning palntaion down in the south of America. They both opposed slavery and how the people in the community were treating slaves. They also disliked the way the community were treated women, even at times worse than slaves.
Sarah, the first sister, went up north to philidelphia and turned Quaker. A few years later her sister, Angelina, followed here and also change into a Quaker. They both joined a society only for women of anti-slavery.
Angelina wrote an appeal to all of the christian women in the south. This created intrest for these women, so they were invited to go to the Agents’ Convention of the American Anti-Slavery Society in New York. They were the only women there out of all the people.
The clergy of New England called their involvement in the anti-slavery movements socially akward and plain out not right in society. http://www.chatstractors.com/Sold_wagons.htm